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leukemia
issues in oncology

Reducing Infections in Patients With AML Receiving Induction and Reinduction Chemotherapy

In a report in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Morris et al described an initiative that has been successful in reducing the incidence of invasive fungal infections in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) receiving induction and reinduction therapy at the University of Virginia Health...

breast cancer
solid tumors
leukemia
lung cancer
lymphoma
multiple myeloma
issues in oncology
immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: New Priority Reviews, Designations, and Clearances, Plus Statements on Genetic Testing and Class Labeling

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently issued the following new approvals and designations: Priority Review for Atezolizumab in Combination With Chemotherapy for the Initial Treatment of Extensive-Stage SCLC The FDA accepted a supplemental biologics license application...

Leukemia

Moxetumomab Pasudotox-tdfk for Relapsed or Refractory Hairy Cell Leukemia

ON SEPTEMBER 13, 2018, moxetumomab pasudotox-tdfk (Lumoxiti), a CD22-directed cytotoxin, was approved for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory hairy cell leukemia who received at least two prior systemic therapies, including with a purine nucleoside analog.1,2 Supporting...

Leukemia
Lymphoma

Duvelisib for Relapsed or Refractory CLL/SLL and for Relapsed or Refractory Follicular Lymphoma

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms of action, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. On September 24, 2018, duvelisib (Copiktra) was granted...

Leukemia
Geriatric Oncology

Expert Point of View: Susan M. O’Brien, MD

THE STUDY’S discussant, Susan M. O’Brien, MD, Associate Director for Clinical Science, Chao Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of California Irvine Health, said the results of the Alliance North American Intergroup Study A041202—demonstrating that ibrutinib (Imbruvica) is more...

Leukemia
Geriatric Oncology

Ibrutinib vs Standard of Care in Front-Line Treatment of Older Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

IBRUTINIB (IMBRUVICA) as a front-line agent proved superior to standard-of-care chemoimmunotherapy for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) in older patients in A041202, an Alliance-led National Clinical Trials Network study.1 At a follow-up of 38 months, the median progression-free survival was not ...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

A Battle With Leukemia: Part Memoir, Part Oncology History

BOOKMARK Title: Cancer Crossings: A Brother, His Doctors, and the Quest for a Cure to Childhood LeukemiaAuthor: Tim WendelPublisher: ILR PressPublication date: April 2018Price: $24.95, hardcover, 256 pages Tim Wendel is a journalist and author of several noted books, mostly concerning sports. In...

leukemia
immunotherapy

ASH 2018: Ibrutinib Plus Rituximab vs Standard Chemoimmunotherapy in Younger Patients With Treatment-Naive CLL

A 6-month course of chemotherapy-based treatment with FCR (intravenous fludarabine and cyclophosphamide plus rituximab [Rituxan]) has historically been the most effective treatment for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), especially in patients 70 years of age and younger. However, results from a...

leukemia

Tait D. Shanafelt, MD, on CLL: Results From a Trial of the ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group

Tait D. Shanafelt, MD, of Stanford University, discusses phase III study findings on ibrutinib-based therapy vs standard fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab chemoimmunotherapy in untreated younger patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (Abstract LBA4).

leukemia

Shaji K. Kumar, MD, on Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma: Treatment Trial Results

Shaji K. Kumar, MD, of the Mayo Clinic, discusses phase III findings on daratumumab plus lenalidomide and dexamethasone vs lenalidomide and dexamethasone in people with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma who are ineligible for transplant (Abstract LBA2).

leukemia
immunotherapy

Saar I. Gill, MD, PhD, on CLL: Trial Results on Anti-CD19 CAR T Cells

Saar I. Gill, MD, PhD, of the University of Pennsylvania, discusses findings from a prospective clinical trial on the high response rate in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia who received a combination therapy of CAR T cells plus ibrutinib (Abstract 298).

leukemia
lymphoma
immunotherapy

Julie Vose, MD, MBA, and Merav Bar, MD, on CAR T-Cell Therapy: Late Effects of CD19-Targeted Treatment

Julie Vose, MD, MBA, of the University of Nebraska Medical Center, and Merav Bar, MD, of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, discuss study findings on the long-term effects in people with relapsed or refractory non-Hodgkin lymphoma and chronic lymphocytic leukemia who received CD19-targeted CAR T-cell infusions, survived more than a year, and had at least 1 year of follow-up data after their first treatment (Abstract 223).

leukemia

Andreas Burchert, MD, on AML: Results From the Sormain Trial

Andreas Burchert, MD, of the Philipps University of Marburg, discusses study findings on sorafenib as maintenance therapy after allogeneic stem cell transplantation for FLT3-ITD–positive acute myeloid leukemia.

leukemia

Jennifer Ann Woyach, MD, on CLL: Results From the Alliance North American Intergroup Study

Jennifer Ann Woyach, MD, of The Ohio State University, discusses trial findings on ibrutinib alone or in combination with rituximab compared with bendamustine plus rituximab in untreated older people with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (Abstract 6).

leukemia
immunotherapy

ASH 2018: Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant After CD19 CAR T-Cell Therapy in ALL

In a new study presented by Summers et al at the 2018 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition (Abstract 967), patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) who received a first stem cell transplant after CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy were less...

leukemia
immunotherapy

ASH 2018: Checkpoint Inhibitors Plus CAR T-Cell Therapy in Relapsed ALL

CD19-directed chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy has been shown to be effective in patients with relapsed B-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia (B-ALL). However, in some patients, the antitumor effects of CAR T-cell treatment are short-lived, which may, in part, be caused by a reaction of...

leukemia
immunotherapy

ASH 2018: Concurrent Ibrutinib May Improve Outcomes, Reduce Toxicity of CAR T-Cell Therapy in Relapsed or Refractory CLL

For patients with difficult-to-treat chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), continuing to take ibrutinib (Imbruvica) before, during, and after receiving chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy may be associated with less severe adverse effects and better responses compared with outcomes for a...

leukemia
immunotherapy

ASH 2018: ELIANA Trial: Tisagenlecleucel in Pediatric and Young Adult Patients With ALL

A single infusion of tisagenlecleucel (Kymriah) in pediatric and young adult patients with relapsed or treatment-resistant acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) continues to be highly effective in most patients, without the need for additional therapies. This latest analysis of the ELIANA trial results...

leukemia
immunotherapy

ASH 2018: Azacitidine With Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab vs Azacitidine Plus Nivolumab in Relapsed or Refractory AML

A triplet therapy combining two immune checkpoint inhibitors with the standard of care azacitidine has shown promising results for treatment of relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML), according to the findings of a phase II study conducted at The University of Texas...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

MRD-Guided Azacitidine Treatment in Myelodysplastic Syndrome and Acute Myeloid Leukemia

In a German phase II trial (RELAZA2) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Platzbecker et al found that minimal residual disease (MRD)–guided treatment with azacitidine was successful in preventing hematologic relapse in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia...

Leukemia

Causes of Inferior Outcomes in AYAs With Leukemia

Despite survival gains for children diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), adolescents and young adults (AYAs)— those between the ages of 15 and 39— diagnosed with the disease have seen only modest improvements in survival. A study by Julie A. Wolfson, MD, MSHS, Assistant Professor and ...

Leukemia

A Single CAR T Cell Cured My Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

The combination of symptoms I began experiencing in the spring of 2007, including night sweats so severe they woke me from a sound sleep and midline chest wall swelling so extreme I needed a larger shirt size, drove me to seek immediate medical attention. A series of imaging and blood tests...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

Duvelisib in Resistant Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Expanding the Treatment Armamentarium

The phase III DUO trial, reported by Flinn et al and reviewed in this issue of The ASCO Post, has led to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of a novel B-cell receptor (BCR) kinase inhibitor, duvelisib (Copiktra), which targets phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-δ/γ in patients...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia
Lymphoma

Duvelisib vs Ofatumumab in Relapsed or Refractory CLL/SLL

As reported in Blood by Ian W. Flinn, MD, PhD, Director of the Lymphoma Research Program at Sarah Cannon Research Institute, and colleagues, the phase III DUO trial has shown significantly prolonged progression-free survival with the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-δ/γ inhibitor duvelisib...

Hematologic Malignancies
Lymphoma
Leukemia

Leukemia & Lymphoma Society Receives Funding for New Grants

The Leukemia & Lymphoma Society recently announced a $1,175,000 commitment by the Schwartz Ward Family Foundation of Chicago to support two research initiatives. These funds will support two grants in the society’s Career Development Program: Christiane Querfeld, MD, PhD, of City of Hope, is...

leukemia
immunotherapy

Azacitidine Plus Nivolumab in Relapsed or Refractory AML

A combination of the chemotherapy drug azacitidine with the immune checkpoint inhibitor nivolumab (Opdivo) demonstrated an encouraging response rate and overall survival in patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML), according to findings from a phase II study published...

palliative care
survivorship
myelodysplastic syndromes
leukemia

Suleika Jaouad on Making the Most of a Life Interrupted: A Young Adult Perspective on Cancer

Suleika Jaouad, an Emmy Award–winning writer, advocate, and cancer survivor who was diagnosed at age 22 with myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukemia, discusses what she has learned about coping with cancer, learning from it, and growing beyond it.

leukemia
issues in oncology
symptom management

Effect of Early Cardiotoxicity on Outcomes in Pediatric AML

In an analysis from the Children’s Oncology Group AAML0531 trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Getz et al found that early treatment-related cardiotoxicity may be associated with poorer event-free and overall survival in pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Study Details...

Leukemia
Lymphoma

Venetoclax for CLL or SLL With or Without 17p Deletion After Prior Therapy

On June 8, 2018, venetoclax (Venclexta) was granted regular approval for treatment of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL), with or without 17p deletion, who have received at least one prior therapy.1,2 Supporting Efficacy Data APPROVAL WAS BASED on ...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia
Genomics/Genetics

Without Genomic Sequencing, I Would Not Be Alive Today

The extreme fatigue I experienced during the winter of my fourth year in medical school, in 2003, was easily attributable to the rigors of my medical training and the lack of sleep that comes from trying to keep up with an intensely busy schedule. I was looking forward to resting and recuperating...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

Nilotinib for Pediatric Patients With Philadelphia Chromosome–Positive CML in Chronic Phase

Earlier in 2018, nilotinib (Tasigna) was approved for the treatment of pediatric patients aged ≥ 1 year with newly diagnosed Philadelphia chromosome–positive chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase (CML-CP) or Philadelphia chromosome–positive CML-CP resistant or intolerant to prior tyrosine...

Leukemia

Current Treatment Landscape of Relapsed or Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

Novel agents such as ibrutinib (Imbruvica), idelalisib (Zydelig), and venetoclax (Venclexta) have transformed the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and are increasingly used to treat the disease. The optimal sequencing of these agents is not clear in relapsed or refractory disease,...

leukemia
lymphoma

Duvelisib vs Ofatumumab in Relapsed or Refractory CLL/SLL

As reported in the journal Blood by Flinn et al, the phase III DUO trial has shown significantly prolonged progression-free survival with the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-δ,-γ inhibitor duvelisib (Copiktra) vs ofatumumab (Arzerra) in patients with relapsed or refractory chronic...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia
Lymphoma

FDA Approves Duvelisib for Adult Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Hematologic Malignancies

ON SEPTEMBER 24, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular approval to duvelisib (Copiktra) for adults with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) after at least two prior therapies. Duvelisib also received accelerated...

leukemia
issues in oncology

Lack of Clinical Trial Participation and Shorter Duration of Therapy Linked to Disease Relapse in AYAs With Leukemia

Despite survival gains for children diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), adolescents and young adults (AYAs)—those between the ages of 15 and 39—diagnosed with the disease have seen only modest improvements in survival. A study by Wolfson et al in Cancer Epidemiology,...

leukemia
multiple myeloma

FDA Authorizes First Next-Generation Sequencing–Based Test to Detect Minimal Residual Disease in B-Cell ALL or Multiple Myeloma

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently permitted marketing of the ClonoSEQ assay, a next-generation sequencing–based test for minimal residual disease in patients with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) or multiple myeloma. “At the FDA, we’re continuing to...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

Beat AML Trial Seeking to Change Treatment Paradigm

The Beat AML Master Clinical Trial seeks to change the treatment paradigm and outcomes in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) by personalizing therapy and ultimately facilitating the approval of novel targeted agents. Co-investigator William Blum, MD, of the Winship Cancer Institute at the Emory...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

Update on CML: Focus on Sequential Therapy, Treatment Discontinuation, and Monitoring

Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a poster child for the success of molecularly targeted therapy, with some patients appearing to be “cured” of their disease and others living for a long time after treatment with a tyrosine kinase inhibitor targeting the BCR-ABL1 protein. However, there are still...

leukemia
issues in oncology
cost of care

Cost-Effectiveness Models for Tisagenlecleucel in Relapsed or Refractory Pediatric B-Cell ALL

As reported by Lin et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, cost-effectiveness modeling of treatment with the anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor T-cell therapy tisagenlecleucel (Kymriah) in relapsed or refractory pediatric B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) showed that price reduction...

leukemia

Jerald P. Radich, MD, on Chronic-Phase CML: Optimizing Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Therapy

Jerald P. Radich, MD, of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, discusses the best strategies for sequencing tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy for chronic myeloid leukemia and treatment-free remission.

leukemia
lymphoma

FDA Approves Duvelisib for Adult Patients With Relapsed or Refractory CLL, SLL, and Follicular Lymphoma

On September 24, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular approval to duvelisib (Copiktra) for adult patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) after at least two prior therapies. In addition, duvelisib...

Leukemia

FDA Approves Moxetumomab Pasudotox-tdfk for the Treatment of Hairy Cell Leukemia

ON SEPTEMBER 13, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved moxetumomab pasudotox-tdfk (Lumoxiti) injection for intravenous use for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory hairy cell leukemia (HCL) who have received at least two prior systemic therapies,...

Leukemia

Second Allogeneic HCT vs Donor Lymphocyte Infusion in Relapsed Acute Myeloid Leukemia

In a retrospective registry study reported in JAMA Oncology, Mohamad Mohty, MD, PhD, of Hôpital Saint Antoine, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, and colleagues found no overall survival difference with second allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) vs donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) in ...

Issues in Oncology
Immunotherapy
Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

CAR T-Cell Therapy for CLL

A pair of new studies from researchers at the Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania are shedding light on why patients with advanced chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) respond or do not respond to chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy. Although CAR T-cell therapy is...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

Durable Responses With Moxetumomab Pasudotox in Pretreated Hairy Cell Leukemia

Moxetumomab pasudotox produced deep and durable responses in a heavily pretreated population of patients with hairy cell leukemia, with the ability to eradicate minimal residual disease. The drug showed a favorable safety profile with less bone marrow suppression than with purine nucleoside analog...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

Durable Response With Venetoclax and Azacitidine in Elderly Patients With AML

In elderly patients with untreated acute myeloid leukemia (AML), venetoclax (Venclexta), given at a 400-mg dose, with an azacitidine backbone led to durable responses with a tolerable safety profile, according to data from a phase Ib dose-escalation and -expansion study. Response rates were high...

leukemia
symptom management

Study Finds Hispanic Pediatric Patients at Increased Risk of Methotrexate Neurotoxicity During Treatment for ALL

Case studies have reported a high prevalence of methotrexate subacute neurotoxicity among Hispanic adolescents with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), suggesting sensitivity to methotrexate therapy may differ by race and ethnicity. Now, a prospective study in pediatric patients with ALL has found...

Leukemia

Suboptimal Use of Initial Chemotherapy in Newly Diagnosed Acute Myeloid Leukemia

IN A STUDY of National Cancer Database data reported in Blood Advances, Vijaya Raj Bhatt, MD, of the University of Nebraska Medical Center, and colleagues found that 25% of patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) did not receive initial chemotherapy, despite evidence that...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

Outcomes After Discontinuation of Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Therapy in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

In an interim analysis of a European trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Francois-Xavier Mahon, MD, of Institut Bergonié, Bordeaux, and colleagues found that discontinuation of tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) with deep molecular response was...

leukemia
lymphoma
immunotherapy

CAR T-Cell Therapy in Europe: Differing Decisions on Approval of Two Agents

The European Commission (EC) recently approved the chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy tisagenlecleucel (Kymriah) in the European Union (EU) for the treatment of pediatric and young adult patients up to 25 years of age with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) that is...

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