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Your search for colorectal cancer matches 416 pages

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Geriatric Oncology
Colorectal Cancer

Tailoring Treatment for Older Adults With Colorectal Cancer

Nearly 60% of colorectal cancer cases are diagnosed in patients ≥ 65 years, with a median age at diagnosis of 68 years,1 but this population makes up only 34% of clinical trial participants.2 In addition, the older adults enrolled on clinical trials are traditionally the most-fit older adults....

Colorectal Cancer

Expert Point of View: Philip B. Paty, MD

Philip B. Paty, MD, a surgical oncologist at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, commented on the findings for The ASCO Post. Dr. Paty is leading studies of surveillance at his own institution, which is not part of the International Watch & Wait Database. Consistency of Outcomes...

Colorectal Cancer

‘Watch-and-Wait’ Strategy Does Not Compromise Survival in Selected Patients With Rectal Cancer

A “watch-and-wait” approach to treating rectal cancer patients with complete responses to chemoradiotherapy resulted in a 3-year survival rate of 91%, which is similar to historic survival rates after surgical resection, according to an analysis of the International Watch & Wait Database.1 For ...

Colorectal Cancer

Expert Point of View: Frank Sinicrope, MD

Frank Sinicrope, MD, Professor of Medicine and Oncology at the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, told The ASCO Post that anti–programmed cell death protein 1 (anti–PD-1) agents “have already changed the landscape” of metastatic colorectal cancer. “We are currently treating microsatellite...

Colorectal Cancer

CheckMate 142 Update: Prolonged Disease Control With Nivolumab in Deficient Mismatch Repair Colorectal Cancer

With 6 additional months of follow-up since the initial presentation of results, in the phase II CheckMate 142 trial, 74% of heavily pretreated patients with metastatic colorectal microsatellite instability–high (MSI-H) cancers are alive after single-agent treatment with nivolumab (Opdivo).1...

Pancreatic Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Colorectal Cancer

‘Collateral Lethality’ May Offer New Therapeutic Approach to Cancers of the Pancreas, Stomach, and Colon

Cancer cells often delete genes that normally suppress tumor formation. These deletions also may extend to neighboring genes, an event known as “collateral lethality,” which may create new options for the development of therapies for several cancers. Scientists at The University of Texas MD...

colorectal cancer
lung cancer

Potential Suboptimal Use of Guideline-Endorsed Genomic Testing in Non–Small Cell Lung and Colorectal Cancers

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Gray et al found that many medical oncologists did not use genomic testing endorsed by guidelines in place in 2012 and 2013 in patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and colorectal cancer. The study involved a survey of U.S....

Colorectal Cancer

Expert Point of View: Frank A. Sinicrope, MD

Frank A. Sinicrope, MD, Professor of Medicine and Oncology at the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, told The ASCO Post that the regimen of irinotecan/cetuximab (Erbitux)/­vemurafenib (Zelboraf) could be an important approach to treating this challenging tumor subtype. “BRAF-mutated tumors have a...

Colorectal Cancer

Dual Inhibition Proves Effective for BRAF-Mutated Colorectal Tumors

In patients with metastatic colorectal cancer who have mutations in BRAF V600, the addition of the BRAF inhibitor vemurafenib (Zelboraf) to cetuximab ­(Erbitux) and irinotecan significantly improved progression-free survival, results of the phase II Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG) 1406 trial have...

colorectal cancer

Cynthia L. Sears, MD, on Colon Cancer: Keynote Lecture

Cynthia L. Sears, MD, of Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, summarizes her keynote talk on microbes, microbiota, and colon cancer. Next-generation sequencing combined with biologic studies suggests that most colorectal cancer cases have specific microbiome associations.

colorectal cancer

Brendan J. Guercio, MD, on Colorectal Cancer and Physical Activity: Impact on Survival

Brendan J. Guercio, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses results from a study of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer who took part in weekly physical activity and its impact on their disease progression and overall survival (Abstract 659).

colorectal cancer

Cornelis van de Velde, MD, PhD, on Rectal Cancer: A Database Update

Cornelis van de Velde, MD, PhD, of Leiden University Medical Center, discusses the International Watch & Wait database, established to track evidence on organ-preserving strategies in patients with rectal cancer (Abstract 521). For More Information: www.IWWD.org

colorectal cancer

Michael J. Overman, MD, on Colorectal Cancer: Updated Results From CheckMate 142

Michael J. Overman, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses study findings on nivolumab alone or in combination with ipilimumab in patients with DNA mismatch repair–deficient/microsatellite instability high metastatic colorectal cancer (Abstract 519).

colorectal cancer

Cathy Eng, MD, on Anal Squamous Cell Cancer: Management Strategies

Cathy Eng, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses management approaches to anal cancer, including the current standard of care, as well as novel approaches for locally advanced and metastatic disease.

colorectal cancer

Scott Kopetz, MD, on Colorectal Cancer: Results of the SWOG 1406 Trial

Scott Kopetz, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses study findings on irinotecan and cetuximab with or without vemurafenib in BRAF-mutant metastatic colorectal cancer (Abstract 520).

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

Has the Affordable Care Act Reduced Socioeconomic Disparities in Cancer Screening?

Out-of-pocket expenditures are thought to be a significant barrier to receiving cancer preventive services, especially for individuals of lower socioeconomic status. A new study published by Cooper et al in Cancer looked at how the Affordable Care Act (ACA), which eliminated such out-of-pocket...

Colorectal Cancer

Colonoscopy Screening in Older Adults

A large population-based observational study by Xabier García-Albéniz, MD, PhD, of the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, and colleagues evaluating the effectiveness and safety of screening colonoscopy for the prevention of colorectal cancer in people aged 70 to 74 and 75 to 79 has found...

Issues in Oncology
Lung Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Colorectal Cancer

At ESMO 2016, Many Phase III Trials Fail to Meet Primary Endpoints

The 2016 European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress revealed many important positive findings from key trials in a number of tumor types, but many highly anticipated phase III trials in advanced disease failed to meet their primary endpoints. The ASCO Post has summarized several of these ...

Colorectal Cancer

New Blood Test for Colorectal Cancer Recurrence: Twice as Sensitive as CEA Test

In a new report published by Young et al in Cancer Medicine,1 a two-gene circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) blood test for postsurgical monitoring of colorectal cancer recurrence has been shown to detect twice the number of recurrence cases as carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) testing, a standard-of-care...

colorectal cancer

Derek J. Jonker, MD, on Colorectal Cancer: Results From the CCTG/AGITG CO.23 Trial

Derek J. Jonker, MD, of The Ottawa Hospital Cancer Centre, discusses phase III study findings on napabucasin vs placebo in patients with pretreated advanced colorectal cancer. (Abstract 454O)

colorectal cancer

Heinz-Josef Lenz, MD, on Colon Cancer: Sidedness and Treatment Update

Heinz-Josef Lenz, MD, of the University of Southern California Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses the importance of tumor location, and its implications for treatment, in right-sided and left-sided metastatic colon cancer.

colorectal cancer

Sian A. Pugh, MBBS, on Colorectal Cancer: Long-Term Results of the FACS Trial

Sian A. Pugh, MBBS, of Southampton University Hospital, discusses 6 to 12-year findings on the scheduled use of the CEA tumor marker and CT follow-up to detect recurrence of colorectal cancer. (Abstract 453O)

Colorectal Cancer

Updated USPSTF Guidelines for Colorectal Cancer Screening: More Methods, More Challenges for Patients and Providers Alike

As reviewed in this issue of The ASCO Post, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recently updated its guidelines for colorectal cancer screening1 from 2008 and has now included seven acceptable strategies, including direct-visualization modalities (ie, endoscopy and computed tomography...

Colorectal Cancer

New USPSTF Recommendations for Colorectal Cancer Screening

As reported in JAMA, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force ­(USPSTF) has issued new recommendations for colorectal cancer screening.1 In brief, the USPSTF recommends colorectal cancer screening starting at age 50 years and continuing until age 75 years (grade A recommendation = “The USPSTF...

Colorectal Cancer

ESMO Releases New Consensus Guidelines on the Management of Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

The European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) has released new consensus guidelines for the management of metastatic colorectal cancer that reflect an increasingly personalized approach to treatment. These guidelines were published by Van Cutsem et al in Annals of Oncology.1 “Management of...

Colorectal Cancer

Multiple Strategies for Colorectal Cancer Screening Offer an Opportunity for Shared Decision-Making

Screening for colorectal cancer should start at age 50 and continue until age 75, according to the updated recommendation from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF).1 “Exactly what screening gets done is something that doctors and patients should decide together,” USPSTF Chair Kirsten...

Colorectal Cancer

Multiple Means to Realize the Benefits of Colorectal Cancer Screening

In an updated recommendation statement, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) continues to strongly recommend screening for colorectal cancer for asymptomatic adults aged 50 through 75; but rather than emphasize specific screening strategies, it notes there are multiple screening...

Colorectal Cancer

Anti–Interleukin-1 Alpha Antibody MABp1 Improves Outcomes Significantly Over Placebo in Advanced Colorectal Cancer

A novel anti–interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1α) antibody has shown a significant impact on symptoms and a high level of safety and tolerability in patients with advanced colorectal cancer, according to phase III data presented by Hickish et al at the European Society for Medical Oncology’s 18th World...

Colorectal Cancer

Anti–PD-L1 Immunotherapy Shows Response in Microsatellite-Stable Metastatic Colorectal Cancer in Combination With MEK Inhibition

Anti–PD-L1 (programmed death ligand 1) immunotherapy may achieve a response in patients with microsatellite-stable metastatic colorectal cancer if combined with a MEK inhibitor, according to phase I data presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 18th World Congress on...

Colorectal Cancer

Norwegian Study Shows Benefit of Aspirin as Secondary Prevention in Patients With Colorectal Cancer

A Norwegian population-based study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Simer J. Bains, MD, PhD, of the Centre for Molecular Medicine Norway, University of Oslo, and colleagues showed that use of aspirin after diagnosis of colorectal cancer was associated with improved colorectal...

Colorectal Cancer

Thriving With Cancer

Seven years ago, at age 44, I was the picture of health. I played tennis every day, went bike riding and lifted weights several times a week, and made sure I ate a healthy diet. The closest I had ever come to cancer was caring for my mother during her 2-year illness with esophageal cancer. As it...

Colorectal Cancer

Prevention Needed to Stem Global Rise in Human Papillomavirus–Related Anal Cancer

The incidence rate of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related anal cancer and its precursor lesion, anal intraepithelial neoplasia, is rising in the United States and globally. Although 5-year survival rates in localized disease are generally favorable, survival in metastatic disease remains poor,...

Colorectal Cancer
Issues in Oncology

What’s Driving the Rising Rates of Colorectal Cancer in Young Adults?

The study statistics are alarming—and perplexing. According to an analysis of data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) colorectal cancer registry, colon cancer incidence among young adults aged 20 to 34 is expected to increase 90% by 2030, and the incidence of rectosigmoid...

Colorectal Cancer

Adding Adjuvant Oxaliplatin to Fluoropyrimidine May Be of Benefit in Deficient Mismatch Repair Colon Cancer

In a French retrospective study reported by David Tougeron, MD, PhD, of Poitiers University Hospital, Poitiers, France, and colleagues in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, the addition of adjuvant oxaliplatin to fluoropyrimidine treatment improved disease-free survival in patients with...

Gastrointestinal Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Colorectal Cancer

Treatment Update in Gastric, Pancreatic, and Colorectal Cancers

Although new gastrointestinal cancers are on the rise, advancements in their treatment, as well as the upcoming results of perioperative trials, could prove to be “clinical practice game-changers,” declared Thomas J. George, Jr, MD, FACP, at the 2016 Community Oncology Conference in Orlando,...

Colorectal Cancer

Young-Onset Colorectal Cancer Diagnoses Rising

Colorectal cancer is being increasingly diagnosed in persons younger than age 50, the age at which colorectal cancer screening is usually initiated. According to Elie Sutton, MD, of Mount Sinai West Hospital in New York, a review of cases in the National Cancer Data Base revealed that between...

Bladder Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Lung Cancer

Matching Treatment to Tumor Abnormalities Seems to Pay Off

A strategy of matching molecular abnormalities in patients’ tumors to therapies targeted to those abnormalities is gaining ground, according to preliminary results of the phase IIb MyPathway study presented at the 2016 ASCO Annual Meeting.1 These are still early days for this “matching” strategy,...

colorectal cancer
solid tumors

Norwegian Study Shows Benefit of Aspirin as Secondary Prevention in Patients With Colorectal Cancer

A Norwegian population-based study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Bains et al showed that use of aspirin after diagnosis of colorectal cancer was associated with improved colorectal cancer–specific survival. Study Details In the population-based retrospective cohort study,...

colorectal cancer

Heinz-Josef Lenz, MD, and Marc Ychou, MD, on Treating mCRC With Initially Nonresectable Liver Metastases

Heinz-Josef Lenz, MD, of the University of Southern California, and Marc Ychou, MD, of the Centre Régional de Lutte Contre Le Cancer, discuss study findings on FOLFIRINOX combined with targeted therapy according to RAS status for colorectal cancer patients with initially nonresectable liver metastases (Abstract 3512).

colorectal cancer

Michael J. Overman, MD, and John Marshall, MD, on Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: Interim Results of the CheckMate 142 Trial

Michael J. Overman, MD, of the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, and John Marshall, MD, of Georgetown University Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, discuss interim findings on nivolumab with or without ipilimumab in the treatment of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer with and without high microsatellite instability (Abstract 3501).

colorectal cancer

Alan P. Venook, MD, and John Marshall, MD, on Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: Analysis of CALGB-SWOG 80405

Alan Venook, MD, of the University of California, San Francisco, and John Marshall, MD, of the Lombardi Cancer Center at Georgetown University, discuss the impact of primary tumor location on overall survival and progression-free survival in patients with advanced disease (Abstract 3504).

Colorectal Cancer

Site of Tumor Impacts Survival and Choice of Treatment in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

In metastatic colorectal cancer, the anatomic location of the tumor within the colon appears to make a difference in overall survival as well as response to pivotal treatments, according to a retrospective analysis of the pivotal CALGB/SWOG 80405 (Alliance) trial.1 “While previous studies had...

Colorectal Cancer

CDX2 in Stage II Colon Cancer: Ready for Prime Time?

In a recent issue of The New England Journal of Medicine, Dalerba et al published an impressive article describing a novel bioinformatics approach to identifying new prognostic and predictive biomarkers in patients with stage II and III colon cancer (see summary in this issue of The ASCO Post).1...

Colorectal Cancer

Transcription Factor CDX2 May Be a Prognostic Biomarker in Stage II and III Colon Cancer

In a study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Piero Dalerba, MD, of Columbia University, and colleagues found that absence of the transcription factor CDX2 was prognostic for poor outcome in patients with stage II and III colon cancer vs cancers with CDX2 expression.1 However,...

colorectal cancer

Christopher Willett, MD, on Localized Rectal Cancer: Emerging Treatment Paradigms

Christopher Willett, MD, of Duke Cancer Center, discusses short and long courses of treatment, neoadjuvant chemotherapy with or without radiation, and organ preservation without surgery.

Colorectal Cancer

Patients Diagnosed With Stage I to III Rectal Cancer at Younger Age Have Increased Risk for Positive Lymph Nodes

Patients diagnosed with stage I to III rectal cancer at a younger age are at increased risk of having positive lymph nodes, according to an analysis of data published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. “This finding merits further investigation and may ultimately impact treatment...

Colorectal Cancer

Fecal Immunochemical Test Highly Sensitive and Effective When Used for Colorectal Cancer Annual Screening Programs

Annual screening with the fecal immunochemical test is highly sensitive for detecting colorectal cancer and “is feasible and effective for population-level colorectal cancer screening,” according to a large-scale retrospective cohort study assessing this test over four rounds of annual screening....

Colorectal Cancer

Expert Point of View: Wells Messersmith, MD

Wells Messersmith, MD, Professor and Head of Medical Oncology and Director of the Gastrointestinal Cancer Program, University of Colorado, Denver, discussed the two studies. Closer Look at STEAM Dr. Messersmith said the FOLFOXIRI (fluorouracil [5-FU], leucovorin, oxaliplatin, irinotecan) vs FOLFOX...

Colorectal Cancer

Studies Evaluate Bevacizumab-Containing Regimens in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Two trials reported at the 2016 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium evaluated bevacizumab (Avastin)-containing regimens in the first-line treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer and supported some, but not all, previous findings. The STEAM trial found some numerical differences but no...

colorectal cancer
solid tumors

Poorer Outcome With BRAF and KRAS Mutations in Microsatellite-Stable but Not Microsatellite-Unstable Colon Cancer

In an analysis of the PETACC-8 trial reported by Taieb et al in JAMA Oncology, BRAF V600 and KRAS mutations were associated with shorter disease-free and overall survival in patients with microsatellite-stable colon cancer—but not in those with tumors with microsatellite instability—in...

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