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Your search for hepatobiliary cancer matches 64 pages

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Hepatobiliary Cancer

Expert Point of View: Milind Javle, MD

Milind Javle, MD, Professor of Gastrointestinal Oncology at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, discussed the findings from the CheckMate 040 trial presented at the 2017 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium. There is a strong rationale for investigating immunotherapy in liver ...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Nivolumab Shows Benefit in Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma

In patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma, treatment with nivolumab (Opdivo) resulted in responses and long-term survival in patients who were either previously treated or naive to sorafenib (Nexavar), CheckMate 040 has shown.1 Altogether 19% of patients responded to the antibody...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Can Antiviral Therapy Prevent Liver Cancer in Patients With Chronic Hepatitis?

Chronic viral hepatitis is a major causative factor for hepatocellular carcinoma, but antiviral therapy might reduce the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma by preventing or eliminating chronic hepatitis infections, according to Adrian M. Di Bisceglie, MD, Professor of Internal Medicine at Saint ...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Effect of Sorafenib and Hepatitis Status in Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma

In a meta-analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Jackson et al found that overall survival with sorafenib (Nexavar) in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma was significantly improved vs comparator treatments among patients who were both hepatitis B virus (HBV)-negative and hepatitis C...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Regorafenib in Second-Line Setting for Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Balancing Benefit With Toxicity

During the past 40 years, hundreds of randomized trials testing treatments for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma have been published.1 Conventional systemic chemotherapy and radiotherapy lack survival advantages for these patients.1,2 In 2007, a phase III trial demonstrated survival benefits for...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Regorafenib Improves Survival in Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma Progressing on Sorafenib

In the phase III RESORCE trial reported in The Lancet, Jordi Bruix, MD, Head of the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer Group, University of Barcelona, and colleagues found that regorafenib (Stivarga) improved overall survival vs placebo in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who had progressed on...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Expert Point of View: Ghassan K. Abou-Alfa, MD

Ghassan K. Abou-Alfa, MD, a liver and biliary cancer specialist at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, commented on the study for The ASCO Post. While acknowledging that a single-institution study of 30 patients is naturally “limited in scope,” he said the outcome of the study of...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Novel Bridge to Liver Transplant May Improve Upon Standard of Care

For hepatocellular carcinoma patients awaiting a liver transplant, locoregional treatment as a “bridge” is a standard strategy for reducing tumor progression. The most common approach is transarterial chemoembolization, but a study from a large-volume liver transplant center questions whether it...

hepatobiliary cancer

Ignacio Melero, MD, PhD, on Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Results of the CheckMate 040 Trial (Spanish Language Version)

Ignacio Melero, MD, PhD, of the University Clinic of Navarra, Centre of Applied Medical Research, discusses in Spanish study findings on nivolumab dose escalation and expansion in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (Abstract 226).

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Second-Line Ramucirumab in Advanced HCC

In an exploratory analysis of the REACH trial in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma reported in JAMA Oncology, Andrew X. Zhu, MD, PhD, of Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center and Harvard Medical School, and colleagues found a borderline survival benefit of second-line ramucirumab (Cyramza)...

hepatobiliary cancer

Julien Edeline, MD, on Biliary Tract Cancer: Results of the PRODIGY 12-ACCORD 18 Trial (French Language Version)

Julien Edeline, MD, of the Centre Eugène Marquis, discusses in French study findings on gemcitabine and oxaliplatin vs surveillance following surgery for localized biliary tract cancer (Abstract 225).

pancreatic cancer
hepatobiliary cancer

Eileen M. O’Reilly, MD, on Pancreatic and Hepatobiliary Cancers: Selecting High-Impact Targets

Eileen M. O’Reilly, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses a range of topics, including tyrosine kinase inhibitors, immune therapies, targeted approaches, and DNA damage repair strategies.

hepatobiliary cancer

Ignacio Melero, MD, PhD, on Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Results of the CheckMate 040 Trial

Ignacio Melero, MD, PhD, of the University Clinic of Navarra, Centre of Applied Medical Research, discusses study findings on nivolumab dose escalation and expansion in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (Abstract 226).

hepatobiliary cancer

Julien Edeline, MD, on Biliary Tract Cancer: Results of the PRODIGY 12-ACCORD 18 Trial

Julien Edeline, MD, of the Centre Eugène Marquis, discusses study findings on gemcitabine and oxaliplatin vs surveillance following surgery for localized biliary tract cancer (Abstract 225).

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Phase III RESORCE Study Data Show Regorafenib Improves Overall Survival in Previously Treated Patients With Unresectable Liver Cancer

Results from the phase III RESORCE trial show that regorafenib (Stivarga) tablets achieved a median overall survival improvement in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma that progressed after treatment with sorafenib (Nexavar) tablets. The study, presented by Jordi Bruix, MD, et al...

Bladder Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Lung Cancer

Matching Treatment to Tumor Abnormalities Seems to Pay Off

A strategy of matching molecular abnormalities in patients’ tumors to therapies targeted to those abnormalities is gaining ground, according to preliminary results of the phase IIb MyPathway study presented at the 2016 ASCO Annual Meeting.1 These are still early days for this “matching” strategy,...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Clinical Trials Actively Recruiting Patients With Liver Cancer

Pilot Study Title: Pilot Study of Hepatic Arterial Infusion Therapy in Patients With Unresectable or Borderline Resectable Intrahepatic Cholangio­carcinoma Study Type: Interventional/nonrandomized/parallel assignment Study Sponsor and Collaborators: Washington University School of Medicine Purpose: ...

hepatobiliary cancer

Ghassan K. Abou-Alfa, MD, on Sorafenib and Doxorubicin for Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Ghassan K. Abou-Alfa, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses findings of this phase III study of sorafenib plus doxorubicin versus sorafenib in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (Abstract 4003).

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Cases of Mixed Hepatocellular Carcinoma–Cholangiocarcinoma Emerging

Combined hepatocellular carcinoma–cholangiocarcinoma is a histopathologically distinct tumor for which no formal treatment guidelines exist. It is also a malignancy that is being diagnosed more often, according to researchers from Mount Sinai Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, who reported...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

$3 Million NCI Grant Awarded to Study Links Between Liver Cancer and HIV

Vincent Lo Re, MD, MSCE, Assistant Professor of Medicine in the Division of Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, and Amy Justice, MD, PhD, Professor of General Medicine and Public Health at Yale School of Public Health, have been ...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Annual Report Cites Continued Decline in Most Cancer Mortality but Trends Toward Increased Liver Cancer Incidence, Mortality

Earlier this month, experts from four major institutions issued the annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer (1975–2012). This year’s report showed that death rates continued to decline for all cancers combined, as well as for most cancer sites for men and women of all major racial and...

pancreatic cancer
hepatobiliary cancer

Joel E. Tepper, MD, on Radiotherapy in Liver and Pancreatic Cancers

Joel E. Tepper, MD, of the University of North Carolina School of Medicine, discusses the ways in which SBRT has changed radiotherapy, as demonstrated in key studies presented at this year's meeting on stereotactic body radiotherapy for liver metastases and hepatocellular carcinoma, and borderline resectable and unresectable pancreatic tumors (Abstracts 253, 255, 351, 357).

hepatobiliary cancer

Richard S. Finn, MD, on Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Expert Perspective

Richard S. Finn, MD, of the University of California Los Angeles Medical Center, summarizes a session on treatments for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (Abstract 192).

colorectal cancer
hepatobiliary cancer
lung cancer
lymphoma

Increased Cancer Mortality Rate Among Recipients of Solid-Organ Transplants

Solid-organ transplant recipients have a higher rate of cancer mortality than what is expected in the general population, according to a Canadian study by Acuna et al published in JAMA Oncology. Cancer mortality among transplant recipients was significantly elevated compared with data for the...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Sorafenib Acceptable in Child-Pugh B Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and moderate liver dysfunction can derive benefit from, and be treated safely with, sorafenib (Nexavar), according to the second interim analysis of the GIDEON trial, presented at the 2011 ASCO Annual Meeting by Jorge A. Marrero, MD, of the University of...

Lung Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Colorectal Cancer
Hepatobiliary Cancer

Important Briefs from the 2011 European Multidisciplinary Cancer Congress

Nearly 16,000 people from 16 countries attended this year’s European Multidisciplinary Cancer Congress, held recently in Stockholm. The ASCO Post has featured several key reports from the meeting and will offer further coverage in upcoming issues. Additional noteworthy studies presented at the...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Laparoscopic Liver Resections Can Be Safe and Oncologically Efficient

Laparoscopic resection of primary and metastatic liver cancers can be safe and oncologically efficient and reduce postoperative length of stay, a single-center study from the United Kingdom found.1 The investigators cautioned, however, that “adequate patient selection and extensive experience in...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Bone Morphogenesis Protein 4 Pathway as Treatment Target in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Bone morphogenesis protein 4 (BMP4), which belongs to the transforming growth factor (TGF)-β family, is a multifunctional cytokine that is known to be involved in human carcinogenesis. The cytokine exerts its effects through pathways dependent on and independent of SMAD proteins, which are the...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Regional Infusion of Designer T Cells to Treat Intrahepatic Metastases

Designer T cells are modified from normal T cells to express specific immune receptors that allow them, via antibody-directed recognition or other mechanisms, to kill malignant cells bearing particular antigens. The Surgical Immunotherapy Lab at the Roger Williams Medical Center, Providence, Rhode...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Coping with Liver Cancer

From the moment I had a partial hysterectomy in 2010, I started having unexplained bouts of nausea. My surgeon and even my primary care physician chalked it up to everything from the difficult 6-hour surgery I had just had to anxiety over a move I’d recently made from Connecticut to North Carolina. ...

Hepatobiliary Cancer
Skin Cancer

NDA for Chemosaturation System to Treat Melanoma in the Liver

Delcath Systems, Inc, announced that it has submitted a New Drug Application (NDA) to the FDA, seeking approval for its chemosaturation system (CHEMOSAT) for use with melphalan hydrochloride in the treatment of patients with unresectable metastatic melanoma in the liver. The system is designed to...

hepatobiliary cancer

Lower Risk of Recurrence in Patients with HBV-related Liver Cancer Receiving Nucleoside Analogs

Patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma who received nucleoside analogs after curative liver resection had an associated lower risk of hepatocellular carcinoma in a nationwide cohort study using data from the Taiwan National Health Research Data Base. The study was...

hepatobiliary cancer
pancreatic cancer
gastrointestinal cancer

Important Data and Treatment Advances Reported in GIST and in Pancreatic and Liver Cancers 

The 10th annual Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium, held recently in San Francisco, was jointly sponsored by ASCO, the AGA (American Gastroenterological Association), ASTRO (American Society for Radiation Oncology), and the SSO (Society of Surgical Oncology). “We seek to present the newest...

solid tumors
hepatobiliary cancer

Medical Oncologists Underestimate Resectability of Liver Metastases 

Medical oncologists are apt to underestimate the resectability of liver metastases in patients with colorectal cancer and therefore often fail to refer potential surgical candidates for surgical consultation, according to a study presented at the 18th Annual Conference of the National Comprehensive ...

hepatobiliary cancer
lung cancer

Interventional Radiologists Report Novel Approaches for Metastatic Lesions  

For the treatment of metastases to the liver and the lung, interventional radiologists reported early success with two novel approaches at the Society of Interventional Radiology (SIR) 38th Annual Scientific Meeting, held recently in New Orleans. Cryoablation of Lung Tumors For patients with...

hepatobiliary cancer

Early Data Promising for Concurrent Sorafenib Plus Embolization in Metastatic Liver Cancer 

If sorafenib (Nexavar) and local ablation techniques are both effective in the treatment of metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma, could they deliver an even greater punch when combined? The concurrent use of interventional radiology approaches and sorafenib for metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma is ...

hepatobiliary cancer

Refractory Liver Metastases Yield to Yttrium-90 Radioembolization 

In patients with unresectable hepatic metastases from metastatic melanoma and neuroendocrine tumors, radioembolization led to good outcomes in studies from Emory University School of Medicine reported at the 38th Society of Interventional Radiology Annual Scientific Meeting, held recently in New...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Targeted Suppression of a Reactivated Developmental Pathway in Hepatocellular Cancer 

This issue of The ASCO Post summarizes the results of an important study recently published in The New England Journal of Medicine by Yong and colleagues. As outlined, investigators from the National University of Singapore Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine have identified re-expression of SALL4 as a ...

hepatobiliary cancer

Oncofetal Protein SALL4 Is a Marker of Aggressive Hepatocellular Carcinoma and a Potential Therapeutic Target  

Hepatocellular carcinomas with characteristics of embryonic stem cell and progenitor cell gene expression are associated with particularly poor prognosis. SALL4 is an oncofetal protein that is expressed in the human fetal liver and normally silenced in the adult liver, but re-expressed in a...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Brivanib Fails to Live Up to the Promise of Early Studies

Hepatocellular carcinoma is a devastating disease worldwide. Although advances in liver transplantation, surgery, and locoregional therapies have made tumor control or even cure possible for a minority of patients, the majority of patients diagnosed with hepatocellular carcinoma will develop...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Brivanib Studied in First- and Second-Line Therapy for Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma 

The investigational drug brivanib is a dual inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor and fibroblast growth factor signaling, both implicated in hepatocellular carcinoma. The agent was recently evaluated in two phase III trials, one comparing first-line brivanib with sorafenib (Nexavar) in...

hepatobiliary cancer

Biomarker-Defined Subgroup Benefits From Novel Approach to Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Promising efficacy in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma patients was reported for a novel transforming growth factor–beta receptor type 1 (TGF-β1) kinase inhibitor, LY2157299 monohydrate, at the 2014 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium in San Francisco.1 In particular, patients with moderate to...

hepatobiliary cancer

Ethiodized Oil Approved for Imaging of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Tumors

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved ethiodized oil injection (Lipiodol) for selective hepatic intra-arterial use for imaging tumors in adults with known hepatocellular carcinoma. The agent received orphan drug designation for management of patients with known hepatocellular carcinoma ...

hepatobiliary cancer

Orphan Drug Designation Granted for New Agent in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

CASI Pharmaceuticals, Inc, announced that its investigational agent ENMD-2076 has received orphan drug designation from the U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma. ENMD-2076 is an orally active Aurora A/angiogenic kinase inhibitor with a unique...

hepatobiliary cancer

Everolimus Did Not Improve Survival in Hepatocellular Cancer After Progression on Sorafenib

“Despite the strong scientific rationale and preclinical data, everolimus [Afinitor] plus best supportive care failed to improve survival over placebo plus best supportive care” among patients with advanced hepatocellular cancer that progressed during or after receiving sorafenib (Nexavar), or who...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Successful Immunotherapy With Mutation-Specific CD4-Positive T Cells in Patient With Epithelial Cancer

There is limited evidence of mutation-specific T-cell response to epithelial cancers. In a study reported in Science, Tran and colleagues used whole-exome sequencing to show that tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes included CD4-positive Th1 cells that recognized a mutation in erbb2 interacting protein...

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
hepatobiliary cancer
lung cancer

Twenty Years After a Diagnosis …  and Counting

In 1995, I was diagnosed with advanced colorectal cancer and given little chance to live. The dire diagnosis came years after being assured by several physicians that the problem I was having with rectal bleeding and anemia was nothing more than the result of an internal hemorrhoid. Busy raising...

hepatobiliary cancer

Targeting Biliary Tract Cancers Through Genomic Profiling

Biliary tract cancers are challenging, but a large genomic profiling study has identified potentially clinically relevant genomic alterations in up to two-thirds of patients.1 “The diverse landscape of clinically relevant genomic alterations in biliary tract cancers can serve as targets for...

hepatobiliary cancer
supportive care

Therapy for Hepatitis C Virus Infection in Patients With Cancer May Prevent Liver Disease Progression

“Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a neglected disease in patients with cancer,” Harrys A. Torres, MD, and colleagues from the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston noted in the Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network. To rectify that situation, the researchers...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Genomic Analyses Point to the Potential of Personalized Care for Liver Cancer Patients

A new study presented at The International Liver Congress™ 2015 in Vienna, Austria, showed that by using genomic analyses to understand how and when carcinogenic mutations occur in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma, it is possible to identify specific molecular profiles. It is hoped that these ...

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