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Kidney Cancer

A Decade of Impact: Conquer Cancer Foundation/Kidney Cancer Association Young Investigator Awards

   The Kidney Cancer Association has supported 12 kidney cancer research projects through the Conquer Cancer Foundation of ASCO Young Investigator Award (YIA) program over the past decade. Early seed funding from the Kidney Cancer Association is advancing research, improving the lives of ...

Kidney Cancer

Clinical Trials Actively Recruiting Patients With Renal Cell Carcinoma

The information contained in this Clinical Trials Resource Guide includes actively recruiting clinical studies focused on immunotherapy as treatment for renal cell carcinoma. These studies are researching combination chemotherapies; immunotherapies; radiosurgery techniques; stereotactic body...

Kidney Cancer

Study Finds Cabozantinib of Clinical Benefit vs Sunitinib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

A randomized phase II clinical trial evaluating cabozantinib (Cabometyx) compared with standard-of-care sunitinib (Sutent) as first-line therapy for patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma has found that cabozantinib reduced the rate of disease progression or death by 34% compared with...

Kidney Cancer

Adjuvant Sunitinib for Renal Cell Carcinoma: Not Ready for Prime Time

In renal cell carcinoma and other cancer types, a consistent paradigm in drug development exists: Observe efficacy of a drug in the metastatic setting and move quickly to explore the agent in the adjuvant setting. In the cytokine era, there were multiple efforts to characterize whether adjuvant...

Kidney Cancer

Adjuvant Sunitinib Improves Disease-Free Survival in High-Risk Renal Cell Carcinoma After Nephrectomy

In the phase III S-TRAC trial reported at the recent European Society for Medical Oncology meeting and in The New England Journal of Medicine by Alain Ravaud, MD, PhD, of Bordeaux University Hospital, and colleagues, adjuvant sunitinib (Sutent) significantly prolonged disease-free survival vs...

Kidney Cancer

Vaccine Therapy in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma: Past, Present, and Future

As reviewed in this issue of The ASCO Post, Brian Rini, MD, and colleagues recently reported results from the phase III IMPRINT trial,1 which randomized HLA-A*02–positive patients with treatment-naive metastatic clear cell variant renal cell carcinoma, in favorable- and intermediate- risk...

Kidney Cancer

Phase III Trial Shows No Survival Benefit of Adding First-Line IMA901 Vaccine to Sunitinib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

In the phase III IMPRINT trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Brian I. Rini, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, and colleagues found no overall survival benefit of adding the multipeptide cancer vaccine IMA901 to sunitinib (Sutent) in the first-line treatment of locally...

Kidney Cancer

Phase III Study of Sunitinib Is First to Show Benefit in Adjuvant Setting for Treatment of Renal Cell Carcinoma

Sunitinib (Sutent) improved disease-free survival by more than 1 year when used as adjuvant treatment for high-risk locoregional renal cell carcinoma following nephrectomy, but with the cost of toxicity. S-TRAC is the first phase III trial showing a benefit for adjuvant therapy in renal cell...

Kidney Cancer

Cabozantinib Improves Progression-Free Survival and Response Rates vs Sunitinib in First-Line Treatment of Metastatic Kidney Cancer

Cabozantinib (Cabometyx) improved progression-free survival and response rates in patients with untreated metastatic renal cell carcinoma compared with the standard of care, sunitinib (Sutent), according to the results of a phase II multicenter randomized trial called CABOSUN reported at the 2016...

Lung Cancer
Skin Cancer
Kidney Cancer

Modification of Dosage Regimen for Nivolumab in Renal Cell Carcinoma, Melanoma, and NSCLC

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. On September 13, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration...

kidney cancer

Alain Ravaud, MD, PhD, on RCC: Results of the S-TRAC Trial (French Language Version)

Alain Ravaud, MD, PhD, of Bordeaux University Hospital, discusses in French phase III findings on sunitinib vs placebo as adjuvant treatment for high-risk renal cell carcinoma after nephrectomy. (Abstract LBA11)

kidney cancer

Alain Ravaud, MD, PhD, on RCC: Results of the S-TRAC Trial

Alain Ravaud, MD, PhD, of Bordeaux University Hospital, discusses phase III findings on sunitinib vs placebo as adjuvant treatment for high-risk renal cell carcinoma after nephrectomy. (Abstract LBA11)

kidney cancer

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Metastatic RCC: Results From the ALLIANCE A031203 Trial

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses study findings on cabozantinib vs sunitinib as initial targeted therapy for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma of poor and intermediate risk. (Abstract LBA30) Follow him on Twitter: @DrChoueiri

Kidney Cancer

Extended Active Surveillance Prior to Systemic Therapy May Be Safe in Some Patients With Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Brian I. Rini, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, and colleagues found that some patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma can safely undergo active surveillance for an extended duration prior to initiation of systemic...

kidney cancer
lung cancer
skin cancer

Combining AM0010 and Pembrolizumab Produced Antitumor Activity in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors

A multibasket phase Ib study evaluating the clinical activity, tolerability, and antitumor activity of the cytokine-based immunotherapy AM0010 alone or in combination with the immune checkpoint inhibitor pembrolizumab (Keytruda) has found that in monotherapy, objective responses to AM0010 were ...

Kidney Cancer
Breast Cancer

I’ve Survived Cancer for Over 71 Years

Even though I was just 3 years old when my symptoms first appeared, the memory is still fresh in my mind to this day, 71 years later. I had just come home from a friend’s birthday party and was sitting on the front patio steps immobilized by severe stomach pain. My parents said I was feeling ill...

kidney cancer
lung cancer
skin cancer

FDA Modifies Dosage Regimen for Nivolumab

On September 13, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) modified the dosage regimen for nivolumab (Opdivo) for the currently approved indications for renal cell carcinoma, metastatic melanoma, and non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The currently approved recommended dosage...

Bladder Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Prostate Cancer

Multitude of Mentors Help Shape an Illustrious Career in Oncology

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, has had a longer career in oncology than many other colleagues his age. Perhaps the reason for that may center on his starting college at the age 13 and medical school at the age of 17. Today this internationally recognized leader in genitourinary cancers is Assistant Professor ...

kidney cancer
lung cancer
skin cancer

Incidence of PD-1 Inhibitor–Related Pneumonitis in Advanced NSCLC, Renal Cell Carcinoma, and Melanoma

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in JAMA Oncology, Nishino et al identified the rates of PD-1 (programmed cell death protein 1) inhibitor–related pneumonitis in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), renal cell carcinoma, and melanoma. Rates were...

Kidney Cancer

Quality of Life With Nivolumab vs Everolimus in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

Patients with previously treated advanced renal cell carcinoma receiving nivolumab (Opdivo) in the phase III CheckMate 025 trial had improved health-related quality of life compared with those receiving everolimus (Afinitor), as reported by David Cella, PhD, of Northwestern University, Chicago, et...

Kidney Cancer

Final Results of METEOR Trial: Cabozantinib vs Everolimus in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

As reported by Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, et al in The Lancet Oncology, the final results of the phase III METEOR trial indicate significantly improved overall survival with cabozantinib (Cabometyx) vs everolimus (Afinitor) in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma...

solid tumors
kidney cancer

Improved Quality of Life Reported With Nivolumab vs Everolimus in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

Patients with previously treated advanced renal cell carcinoma receiving nivolumab (Opdivo) in the phase III CheckMate 025 trial had improved health-related quality of life compared with those receiving everolimus (Afinitor), as reported by Cella et al in The Lancet Oncology. Study Details In the ...

Kidney Cancer

Lenvatinib in Combination With Everolimus in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. On May 13, 2016, lenvatinib (Lenvima) was approved for use in...

kidney cancer

David F. McDermott, MD, and Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Advanced RCC: Nivolumab in Previously Treated Patients

David F. McDermott, MD, of Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, and Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discuss an update on data from phase I and II studies of nivolumab given to patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma, including long-term overall survival and potential predictors of benefit (Abstract 4507).

Kidney Cancer

FDA Approves Lenvatinib in Combination With Everolimus in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

On May 13, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved lenvatinib capsules (Lenvima) in combination with everolimus (Afinitor) for the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma following one prior antiangiogenic therapy. Lenvatinib was first approved in 2015 for the treatment of...

Kidney Cancer

Curb Your Enthusiasm: No Benefit of Adjuvant Sorafenib or Sunitinib in Nonmetastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

Renal cell carcinoma is the most common cancer of the kidneys. Up to 30% of patients present with advanced/metastatic disease, and recurrence can develop in patients at high risk treated by nephrectomy for localized tumors. Renal cell carcinoma is notoriously resistant to chemotherapy and...

Kidney Cancer

No Disease-Free Survival Benefit of Adjuvant Sunitinib or Sorafenib in High-Risk Nonmetastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In the phase III ECOG-ACRIN E2805 trial reported in The Lancet by Naomi B. Haas, MD, of Abramson Cancer Center, University of Pennsylvania, and colleagues, no benefit of adjuvant vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) inhibitor treatment with sunitinib or sorafenib (Nexavar) was...

Kidney Cancer

Crizotinib Active in Orphan Kidney Malignancy

Crizotinib (Xalkori) achieved overall and durable responses in advanced inoperable papillary renal cell carcinoma type 1 characterized by somatic MET mutations, according to an investigator-initiated trial conducted by the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC).1 “To...

Kidney Cancer

Cabozantinib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. On April 25, 2016, a tablet formulation of cabozantinib...

Kidney Cancer

FDA Approves Cabozantinib in Patients With Renal Cell Carcinoma Who Have Received Prior Antiangiogenic Therapy

On April 25, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved cabozantinib ­(Cabometyx) tablets for the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma in patients who have received prior antiangiogenic therapy. Cabozantinib is a dual tyrosine kinase inhibitor of MET and VEGFR2. The capsule...

solid tumors
kidney cancer

Study Finds Apitolisib Less Effective Than Everolimus in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Powles et al, the dual PI3K/mTOR inhibitor apitolisib was inferior to the mTOR inhibitor everolimus (Afinitor) in progression-free survival in a phase II trial in patients with metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma progressing on or after...

Kidney Cancer

Genomic, Molecular Differences in Tumor Biology May Explain Inferior Survival in African Americans With Kidney Cancer

African Americans who develop metastatic renal cell carcinoma have had worse survival historically than whites. With the advent of targeted therapy, the hope is that the gap in survival would be narrowed. However, a new study has shown that survival for African Americans with metastatic renal cell...

kidney cancer
kidney cancer

Removal of Complex Renal Tumors Performed Safely by Robotic Surgery in Selected Patients

Renal cell carcinoma can sometimes spread to the inferior vena cava, posing a threat to the heart and brain. Robotic nephrectomy for inferior vena cava tumor thrombus has favorable outcomes in selected patients compared with open surgery, which can have a high rate of complications, reported Abaza...

kidney cancer

Two Contenders for Second-Line Treatment of Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

Options for second-line therapy of advanced/metastatic renal cell carcinoma are expanding. Updates from the CheckMate 025 and METEOR ­trials presented at the 2016 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium solidify the value of both nivolumab (Opdivo, an immune checkpoint inhibitor) and cabozantinib...

kidney cancer

Eric Jonasch, MD, on Kidney Cancer: Current and Novel Treatment Options

Eric Jonasch, MD, of The University of Texas, MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses the progress being made in kidney cancer treatment and the clinical trials that focused on sunitinib, sorafenib, and everolimus, among others.

kidney cancer

Cora N. Sternberg, MD, on New Targets in Renal Cell Carcinoma

Cora N. Sternberg, MD, of San Camillo Forlanini Hospital, summarizes a teaching lecture on new targets in renal cell carcinoma, and discusses what to expect for the future of treating RCC.

kidney cancer

Brian I. Rini, MD, on A Cancer Vaccine for Renal Cell Carcinoma

Brian I. Rini, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, discusses the results from a phase III study investigating a multipeptide cancer vaccine in patients receiving sunitinib as first-line therapy for advanced/metastatic renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 17LBA).

kidney cancer

Robert J. Motzer, MD, on Phase III Results of CheckMate 025 Nivolumab vs Everolimus in Advanced RCC

Robert J. Motzer, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses the results of this study, which could well change the treatment paradigm in patients with previously treated metastatic renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 3LBA).

kidney cancer

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Cabozantinib vs Everolimus in Patients With Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses results of the phase III METEOR trial in advanced renal cell carcinoma, which evaluated the efficacy of cabozantinib compared to everolimus in patients with disease progression after VEGFR-targeted therapy (Abstract 4LBA).

kidney cancer

Toni Choueiri, MD: Renal Cancer Update

Toni Choueiri, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, summarizes key points from a session he chaired on clear and non-clear cell renal cancer, including information on molecular genetics and its impact on treatment, how to treat patients with non-clear cell histology, and the best strategy for treating clear cell cancer.

kidney cancer

Hans-Joerg Hammers, MD, PhD, on Renal Cancer: Using Immune Checkpoint Blockers in the Clinic

Hans-Joerg Hammers, MD, PhD, of the Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins, summarizes this keynote lecture on kidney cancer, which included discussion of the current role of PD-1 monotherapy and future PD-1 combination therapies for renal cell carcinoma.

kidney cancer

Bernard J. Escudier, MD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: Results From the METEOR Trial (French Language Version)

Bernard J. Escudier, MD, of the Institut Gustave Roussy, discusses in French a subgroup analyses of this phase III study of cabozantinib vs everolimus in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 499).

kidney cancer

Bernard J. Escudier, MD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: Results From the METEOR Trial

Bernard J. Escudier, MD, of the Institut Gustave Roussy, discusses a subgroup analyses of this phase III study of cabozantinib vs everolimus in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 499). To see the French language version of this video, click here.

Kidney Cancer

Sunitinib-induced Hypertension May Be Efficacy Biomarker in Patients with Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

A retrospective exploratory analysis of pooled efficacy data from more than 500 patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma treated with sunitinib (Sutent) “support the hypothesis that hypertension may be a viable biomarker of antitumor efficacy in this patient population,” according to a report...

Kidney Cancer

Studies Explore Potential Benefits of Sunitinib before Nephrectomy in Metastatic Clear Cell Renal Cancer

The multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor sunitinib (Sutent) is established as first-line therapy in metastatic clear cell renal cancer. Data supporting use of cytoreductive nephrectomy in metastatic clear cell renal cancer come from the pre–targeted therapy era, when less-effective immune...

Kidney Cancer

Axitinib Improves Progression-free Survival over Sorafenib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

A randomized comparative effectiveness phase III trial demonstrated significantly superior efficacy for the tyrosine kinase inhibitor axitinib compared to sorafenib (Nexavar) in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). These data suggest that axitinib may become a new standard of care for ...

Kidney Cancer

Adjuvant Immunotherapy Provides No Clinical Benefit in Patients with High‑risk Renal Cell Carcinoma

For renal cell carcinoma patients at high risk of relapse following nephrectomy, adjuvant therapy with the combination of interleukin-2 (Proleukin), interferon alfa, and fluorouracil (5-FU) provides no survival benefit over observation alone, according to a phase III trial conducted by the European ...

Kidney Cancer
Prostate Cancer

Novel Management Strategies Assessed in Renal Cell and Prostate Cancers

At the Best of ASCO Miami meeting, William Oh, MD, of the Tisch Cancer Institute, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, described new trends and remaining questions in the management of renal cell and prostate cancers. Axitinib vs Sorafenib in Second-line RCC Axitinib, a potent and selective...

Kidney Cancer

Significantly Longer Survival with Axitinib Compared to Sorafenib in Patients with Renal Cell Carcinoma

A phase III study comparing the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) inhibitors axitinib and sorafenib (Nexavar) as second-line therapy in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma found that axitinib produced significantly longer progression-free survival. Published in The...

Kidney Cancer

ODAC Backs Axitinib for Kidney Cancer

The FDA’s Oncologic Drugs Advisory Committee voted 13-0 that Pfizer’s drug axitinib (Inlyta) had a favorable benefit-risk profile for patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma after initial treatment has failed. The FDA is due to make a final decision in the first half of 2012. Panelists said the ...

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