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pancreatic cancer

ESTRO 2017: Study Suggests Role for Radiotherapy in Extending Survival in Patients With Early-Stage Pancreatic Cancer

Radiotherapy at a high enough dose may increase survival in early-stage pancreatic cancer, according to research presented at the European Society for Radiotherapy & Oncology (ESTRO) 36 Conference (Abstract OC-0426). Previous research has suggested that radiotherapy may be of little help to...

pancreatic cancer

Update to ASCO Clinical Practice Guideline on Potentially Curable Pancreatic Cancer

An ASCO clinical practice guideline update, reported by Khorana et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, includes the recommendation of gemcitabine-capecitabine doublet therapy as an adjuvant therapy option in potentially curable pancreatic cancer. The updated recommendation (4.1) modifies the...

Pancreatic Cancer

Onset of Diabetes or Its Rapid Deterioration Can Be an Early Warning Sign of Pancreatic Cancer

The onset of diabetes, or a rapid deterioration in existing diabetes that requires more aggressive treatment, could be a sign of early, hidden pancreatic cancer, according to research presented by Autier et al at the 2017 European Cancer Congress ­(Abstract 540).1 Study Design and Key Findings...

pancreatic cancer

Cigarette Smoking and Survival in Pancreatic Cancer

A study of data from large prospective U.S. cohorts has shown that current cigarette smoking, greater pack-years, and heavy smoking were associated with poorer survival among patients with pancreatic cancer. The study was reported by Yuan et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. Study Details...

pancreatic cancer

AACR 2017: PRMT1 Identified as Potential Druggable Target for Pancreatic Cancer

A protein known as arginine methyltransferase 1 (PRMT1) may be a potential therapeutic target for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, according to results presented by Giuliani et al the 2017 Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) in Washington, DC (Abstract 3016)....

pancreatic cancer

Margaret A. Tempero, MD, on Pancreatic Cancer: Active Systemic Treatment

Margaret A. Tempero, MD, of the UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses the evidence for using neoadjuvant and adjuvant systemic therapies in resectable and borderline resectable pancreatic cancer.

pancreatic cancer

SSO 2017: Preclinical Trial Shows Intratumoral Vaccination Induces Antitumor Response in Pancreatic Cancer

Building on their previous research focusing on intratumoral vaccination for the most common form of pancreatic cancer, investigators from Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey and Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School have shown that in a mouse model of early-stage resected pancreatic...

pancreatic cancer

Adding Vandetanib to Gemcitabine in Locally Advanced or Metastatic Pancreatic Carcinoma

In a UK phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Middleton et al found that adding the multi–tyrosine kinase inhibitor vandetanib (Caprelsa) to gemcitabine did not improve overall survival in patients with previously untreated locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic carcinoma. Study ...

Pancreatic Cancer

Expert Point of View: Allyson J. Ocean, MD

Allyson J. Ocean, MD, a pancreatic cancer specialist at New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center and Associate Professor of Medicine at the Weill Medical College of Cornell University, commented on these study findings. “While I applaud the authors for the data presented, the...

Pancreatic Cancer

Update on Overall Survival for Newly Diagnosed Patients With Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

Although “treatment advances” and “precision medicine” are today’s buzz words in oncology, they don’t apply equally to all malignancies. For instance, median overall survival for newly diagnosed patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer has not improved much over the past 20 years, according to...

pancreatic cancer

Two Migration Proteins Boost Predictive Value of Pancreatic Cancer Biomarker

Adding two blood-borne proteins associated with cancer cell migration increases the predictive ability of the current biomarker for pancreatic cancer to detect early-stage disease, a research team from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center reported in a study by Balasenthil et al in the ...

Pancreatic Cancer

First-in-Class Rovalpituzumab Tesirine in Recurrent Small Cell Lung Cancer

In a phase I study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Charles M. Rudin, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and colleagues found that rovalpituzumab tesirine, a first-in-class antibody-drug conjugate directed against delta-like protein 3 (DLL3), produced responses in patients with...

Pancreatic Cancer

Circulating Tumor DNA as a Prognostic Marker in Pancreatic Cancer

Translational research in pancreatic adenocarcinoma has been limited by the difficulty of obtaining sufficient quality and quantity tumor tissue from patients. A study by Pietrasz et al assessing the feasibility and prognostic value of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) in pancreatic adenocarcinoma has...

Pancreatic Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Colorectal Cancer

‘Collateral Lethality’ May Offer New Therapeutic Approach to Cancers of the Pancreas, Stomach, and Colon

Cancer cells often delete genes that normally suppress tumor formation. These deletions also may extend to neighboring genes, an event known as “collateral lethality,” which may create new options for the development of therapies for several cancers. Scientists at The University of Texas MD...

pancreatic cancer

Study Finds Addition of Adjuvant Capecitabine to Gemcitabine Improves Survival in Resected Pancreatic Cancer

In the European phase III ESPAC-4 trial reported in The Lancet, Neoptolemos et al found that adding adjuvant capecitabine to gemcitabine significantly improved overall survival in patients with resected pancreatic cancer. Study Details In the open-label trial, 730 patients from 92 hospitals in...

pancreatic cancer

Sarah E. Hoffe, MD, on Pancreatic Cancer and SBRT: Pros and Cons

Sarah E. Hoffe, MD, of the Moffitt Cancer Center, discusses the controversial role of radiation in the treatment of pancreatic cancer, recent advances in delivering short courses of high-dose stereotactic body radiation therapy, and how best to integrate this new modality in borderline and locally advanced disease.

pancreatic cancer
hepatobiliary cancer

Eileen M. O’Reilly, MD, on Pancreatic and Hepatobiliary Cancers: Selecting High-Impact Targets

Eileen M. O’Reilly, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses a range of topics, including tyrosine kinase inhibitors, immune therapies, targeted approaches, and DNA damage repair strategies.

pancreatic cancer

Mark Talamonti, MD, on Pancreatic Cancer: Minimally Invasive Resection

Mark Talamonti, MD, of NorthShore University Health System, discusses the technical prerequisites for minimally invasive surgery in pancreatic cancers and the potential benefits to patients.

pancreatic cancer

Circulating Tumor DNA May Serve as a Prognostic Marker in Pancreatic Cancer

Translational research in pancreatic adenocarcinoma has been limited by the difficulty of obtaining sufficient quality and quantity tumor tissue from patients. A study by Pietrasz et al assessing the feasibility and prognostic value of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) in pancreatic adenocarcinoma has...

Pancreatic Cancer

Recent Progress and Concepts in Pancreatic Cancer

November is National Pancreatic Cancer Awareness Month, the impetus for this article. Pancreatic cancer is a huge health challenge. It's the eighth most common cancer in the United States and the fourth most common cause of cancer deaths but is expected to become the second most common cause of...

Pancreatic Cancer

Impact of Neoadjuvant Therapy on Survival in Resectable Pancreatic Cancer

In a propensity score–matched analysis of National Cancer Database data reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Mokdad et al found that neoadjuvant therapy followed by resection was associated with a survival benefit vs upfront resection. Patricio M. Polanco, MD, of the Division of Surgical...

Pancreatic Cancer

Let’s Win: Innovative Online Community Offers Guidance to Patients With Pancreatic Cancer and Their Families

Let’s Win is an online community for persons with pancreatic cancer (www.letswinpc.org), but it is far more than a typical support group. Let’s Win propels interested users toward cutting-edge research, based on its founders’ commitment that no patient with pancreatic cancer should settle on the...

Pancreatic Cancer

Vaccines May Boost Immune Responsiveness of Pancreatic Tumors

Pancreatic cancer has been notably unresponsive to immunotherapeutic approaches, but a Stand Up 2 Cancer Dream Team believes their research can change that. Team co-leader Elizabeth Jaffee, MD, Deputy Director of the Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, ...

Pancreatic Cancer

Scientists Are Boosting Immune Responses in Pancreatic Tumors

The successes observed with various immune oncologic treatment approaches have largely bypassed pancreatic cancer, but this may be about to change, based on emerging insights into how and why these tumors evade attacks by T cells. At the 2nd International Cancer Immunotherapy Conference, two...

Pancreatic Cancer

Precision Promise Clinical Trial Focuses on Precision Medicine, Collaboration, and Data-Sharing in Pancreatic Cancer

The Pancreatic Cancer Action Network recently announced Precision Promise, the first large-scale precision medicine trial designed to transform outcomes for patients with pancreatic cancer. The organization also announced the 12 initial Precision Promise Clinical Trial Consortium sites selected to...

pancreatic cancer

Analysis Indicates Survival Advantage With Neoadjuvant Therapy in Resectable Pancreatic Cancer

In a propensity score–matched analysis of National Cancer Database data reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Mokdad et al found that neoadjuvant therapy followed by resection was associated with a survival benefit vs upfront resection. Study Details The analysis included adults...

pancreatic cancer

Comparison of Second-Line Treatments in Advanced Pancreatic Cancer After Gemcitabine-Based Chemotherapy

In the Canadian phase III PANCREOX trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Gill et al found no benefit of modified FOLFOX6 (infusional fluorouracil [5-FU], leucovorin, and oxaliplatin) vs infusional 5-FU/leucovorin as second-line treatment in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer who ...

pancreatic cancer

Overall Survival With Everolimus in Advanced Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors in the RADIANT-3 Trial

As reported by Yao et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, the final overall survival analysis from the phase III RADIANT-3 trial showed a median survival of 44.0 months among patients with advanced pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors initially randomized to receive everolimus (Afinitor, Zortress)...

Pancreatic Cancer

AACR, Pancreatic Cancer Action Network Awards Research Grants to Early-Career Investigators

The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) and the Pancreatic Cancer Action Network awarded nine grants to outstanding scientists who will undertake novel research in the field of pancreatic cancer. “By recruiting the brightest scientists with the most novel ideas, we continue to build a ...

Pancreatic Cancer

ASCO Guideline on Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Davendra P.S. Sohal, MD, MPH, of Cleveland Clinic, and colleagues, ASCO has released a clinical practice guideline on the treatment of patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer.1 Recommendations are based on an expert panel systematic review of...

Pancreatic Cancer

ASCO Guideline on Treatment of Locally Advanced, Unresectable Pancreatic Cancer

As reported by Edward P. Balaban, DO, FASCO, of Penn State Hershey Cancer Institute, and colleagues in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, ASCO has released a clinical practice guideline on the treatment of locally advanced, unresectable pancreatic cancer.1 The recommendations are based on expert...

Pancreatic Cancer

ASCO 2016 Guidelines for the Treatment of Pancreatic Cancer: Why Another Guideline?

The 5-year survival rate of those diagnosed with pancreatic cancer remains stubbornly fixed around 5%. Even in the 20% of cases in which surgical resection is undertaken for curative intent, the 5-year survival rate after surgery is 20% to 30%. As we make progress in other cancers with decreasing...

Pancreatic Cancer

ASCO Guideline on Potentially Curable Pancreatic Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Alok A. Khorana, MD, of Cleveland Clinic, and colleagues, ASCO has released a clinical practice guideline on the treatment of potentially curable pancreatic cancer.1 The recommendations are based on an expert panel systematic review of the...

Pancreatic Cancer

Precision Medicine Clinical Trial for Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer Now Open at Multiple Sites

The first clinical trial to compare standard-of-care chemotherapy with molecularly tailored therapy (also known as precision medicine) for metastatic pancreatic cancer is now enrolling patients at multiple sites around the country. Patients who have been treated with one round of chemotherapy for...

Gastrointestinal Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Colorectal Cancer

Treatment Update in Gastric, Pancreatic, and Colorectal Cancers

Although new gastrointestinal cancers are on the rise, advancements in their treatment, as well as the upcoming results of perioperative trials, could prove to be “clinical practice game-changers,” declared Thomas J. George, Jr, MD, FACP, at the 2016 Community Oncology Conference in Orlando,...

pancreatic cancer

Japanese Trial Shows Improved Survival With Adjuvant S-1 vs Gemcitabine in Resected Pancreatic Cancer

Updated results of a Japanese phase III trial (JASPAC 01) reported in The Lancet by Uesaka et al showed that adjuvant S-1 was associated with significantly better overall survival compared with gemcitabine in patients with resected pancreatic cancer. Study Details In the open-label noninferiority ...

solid tumors
pancreatic cancer

ASCO Releases Clinical Practice Guideline on Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Davendra P. Sohal, MD, MPH, of Cleveland Clinic, and colleagues, ASCO has released a clinical practice guideline on the treatment of patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer. Recommendations are based on expert panel systematic review of the...

solid tumors
pancreatic cancer

ASCO Releases Clinical Practice Guideline on Treatment of Locally Advanced, Unresectable Pancreatic Cancer

As reported by Edward P. Balaban, DO, of Penn State Hershey Cancer Institute, and colleagues in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, ASCO has released a clinical practice guideline on the treatment of locally advanced, unresectable pancreatic cancer. The recommendations are based on expert panel...

solid tumors
pancreatic cancer

ASCO Releases Clinical Practice Guideline on Treatment of Potentially Curable Pancreatic Cancer

ASCO has released a clinical practice guideline on the treatment of potentially curable pancreatic cancer, as reported by Alok A. Khorana, MD, of Cleveland Clinic, and colleagues, in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. The recommendations are based on expert panel systematic review of the literature...

Pancreatic Cancer

Adjuvant Chemotherapy Improves Survival in Pancreatic Cancer

An adjuvant chemotherapy regimen improved overall survival in early-stage pancreatic cancer patients, in the large phase III European ESPAC-4 study reported at the 2016 ASCO Annual Meeting.1 The combination of gemcitabine and capecitabine almost doubled the 5-year survival rate, compared to...

pancreatic cancer

ASCO 2016: Rucaparib Shows Clinical Benefit in BRCA-Mutated Pancreatic Cancer

The targeted PARP inhibitor rucaparib, which has demonstrated robust clinical activity in patients with ovarian cancer who have a BRCA mutation, also showed promise in previously treated patients with pancreatic cancer who have the mutation, according to results from a phase II clinical study...

pancreatic cancer

John P. Neoptolemos, MD, PhD, on Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma: Results of the ESPAC-4 Trial

John P. Neoptolemos, MD, PhD, of the University of Liverpool, discusses findings from this international phase III study of adjuvant combination chemotherapy: gemcitabine and capecitabine vs monotherapy gemcitabine in patients with resected pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (Abstract LBA4006).

pancreatic cancer

ASCO 2016: Adding Capecitabine Chemotherapy to Gemcitabine Extends Survival After Pancreatic Cancer Surgery

For a more in-depth look at these data, as well as commentary, click here. A European phase III trial, one of the largest ever conducted in pancreatic cancer, showed that adding the oral drug capecitabine chemotherapy to gemcitabine prolongs survival without increased toxicity. Adjuvant...

Pancreatic Cancer

No Survival Benefit Reported With Chemoradiotherapy vs Continued Chemotherapy in Controlled Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

In the phase III GERCOR LAP07 trial reported by Pascal Hammel, MD, of Beaujon Hospital, Clichy, France, and colleagues in JAMA, there was no survival benefit of chemoradiotherapy vs continued chemotherapy in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer controlled after 4 months of gemcitabine...

solid tumors
pancreatic cancer

Prolonged Survival Reported With First-Line FOLFIRINOX in Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

First-line FOLFIRINOX (leucovorin, fluorouracil, irinotecan, oxaliplatin) is associated with median overall survival of approximately 2 years in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer, according to a systematic review and patient-level meta-analysis reported by Suker et al in The Lancet...

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NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®): 2016 Guidelines

In 1996, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN®) published its first set of Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology® (NCCN Guidelines®), covering eight tumor types. The NCCN Guidelines® are now published for more than 60 tumor types and topics. Some of the key updates for 2016 were...

pancreatic cancer

No Survival Benefit Reported With Chemoradiotherapy vs Continued Chemotherapy in Controlled Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

In the phase III GERCOR LAP07 trial reported in JAMA by Hammel et al, there was no survival benefit of chemoradiotherapy vs continued chemotherapy in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer controlled after 4 months of gemcitabine with or without erlotinib (Tarceva). Study Details In...

pancreatic cancer

Study Finds Benefit of Surveillance for Pancreatic Cancer in High-Risk Individuals

As reported by Vasen et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, surveillance for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma in high-risk individuals appears to be of benefit in individuals at risk due to CDKN2A mutation, with the advantage being less clear among individuals at risk due to familial clustering ...

pancreatic cancer

Assessing the Accuracy and Readability of Online Health Information for Patients With Pancreatic Cancer

Online information on pancreatic cancer overestimates the reading ability of the overall population and lacks accurate information about alternative therapy, according to a study published by Storino et al in JAMA Surgery. The degree to which patients are empowered by written educational materials ...

pancreatic cancer

AACR 2016: Certain Oral Bacteria May Be Associated With Increased Pancreatic Cancer Risk

The presence of two species of bacteria linked to periodontal disease in the mouths of healthy individuals was associated with an increased risk of subsequently developing pancreatic cancer, according to research presented by Fan et al at the 2016 AACR Annual Meeting  (Abstract 4350). ...

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