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Multiple Myeloma

Selinexor Plus Dexamethasone Studied in Triple-Class Refractory Multiple Myeloma

In a phase IIb study (STORM Part 2) reported in TheNew England Journal of Medicine, Ajai Chari, MD, of Tisch Cancer Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, and colleagues found that oral selinexor and dexamethasone were active in some patients with multiple myeloma refractory to prior...

Multiple Myeloma

Selinexor Plus Dexamethasone Studied in Triple-Class Refractory Multiple Myeloma

In a phase IIb study (STORM Part 2) reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Ajai Chari, MD, of Tisch Cancer Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, and colleagues found that oral selinexor and dexamethasone were active in some patients with multiple myeloma refractory to prior...

Multiple Myeloma

Lenalidomide vs Observation in Asymptomatic Smoldering Multiple Myeloma

In a phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Sagar Lonial, MD, and colleagues found that lenalidomide significantly improved progression-free survival vs observation in patients with intermediate- or high-risk smoldering multiple myeloma. As noted by the investigators,...

Multiple Myeloma

Daratumumab Combination Therapy for Patients With Multiple Myeloma Who Are Eligible for Transplantation

On September 26, 2019, daratumu-mab (Darzalex) was approved in combination with bortezomib, thalidomide, and dexamethasone for the treatment of multiple myeloma in newly diagnosed adult patients eligible for autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT).1,2 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was based ...

Multiple Myeloma

Continuous Therapy for Multiple Myeloma Offers Survival Advantage, but Questions Remain

The number of approved agents in multiple myeloma has skyrocketed in recent years, leading to significant improvements in survival, but questions remain regarding the optimal duration of treatment. Although traditionally limited to a fixed number of cycles due to accumulating toxicity, novel agents ...

Multiple Myeloma

Levofloxacin Prophylaxis During Treatment of Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma

In the phase III TEAMM trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Drayson et al found that prophylactic treatment with levofloxacin during the first 12 weeks of multiple myeloma treatment in newly diagnosed patients was associated with a significant reduction in first febrile episodes or death from any ...

Issues in Oncology
Multiple Myeloma

Study Finds Disparities in Treatment of African American and Hispanic Patients With Multiple Myeloma

African American and Hispanic patients with multiple myeloma generally start treatment with novel therapy significantly later than white patients, according to a study published by Ailawadhi et al in Blood Advances. The study found that, on average, it took about 3 months for white patients to...

Multiple Myeloma
Issues in Oncology

Impact of Treating Facility, Provider Volume, and Patient-Sharing in the Treatment of Patients With Multiple Myeloma

A study published by Freeman et al in JNCCN—Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network found that generally, providers with more experience treating multiple myeloma have better outcomes than those with more limited experience. Providers who saw the most cases were more likely to be...

multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

Jorge J. Castillo, MD, on Evolution of Therapy for Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma

Jorge J. Castillo, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses the many advances in treating relapsed and/or refractory multiple myeloma, including novel immunomodulators, proteasome inhibitors, and monoclonal antibodies, as well as emerging treatments such as chimeric antigen receptor T-cell therapy and antibody-drug conjugates.

multiple myeloma

Nina Shah, MD: How Long Should Initial Treatment for Myeloma Last?

Nina Shah, MD, of the University of California, San Francisco, discusses the debate on fixed duration vs waiting until disease progression, a key question for clinicians treating patients with multiple myeloma.

Multiple Myeloma

FDA Approves Daratumumab Combination for Transplant-Eligible Patients With Multiple Myeloma

On September 26, 2019, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved daratumumab (Darzalex) in combination with bortezomib, thalidomide, and dexamethasone for newly diagnosed adult patients with multiple myeloma who are eligible for autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT). Efficacy was investigated ...

Lung Cancer
Multiple Myeloma
Sarcoma

FDA Pipeline: Breakthrough Therapy Designation in Lung Cancer, Orphan Drug Designations in Myeloma and Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to tepotinib for metastatic non–small cell lung cancer harboring MET exon 14 skipping alterations, and Orphan Drug designations to novel chimeric antigen receptor T-cell therapies in both multiple myeloma ...

Immunotherapy
Multiple Myeloma

Daratumumab-Based Therapy for Patients With Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma Who Are Ineligible for Transplantation

On June 27, 2019, daratumumab was approved for use in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone for patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma who are ineligible for autologous stem cell transplantation.1,2 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was based on findings in the open-label phase...

Multiple Myeloma

Is It Time to Intervene in Smoldering Myeloma?

Early intervention in smoldering multiple myeloma prevents progression to symptomatic disease and should be strongly considered for patients meeting new criteria for high risk, according to Sagar Lonial, MD, Professor and Chair of Hematology and Medical Oncology and the Anne and Bernard Gray...

Multiple Myeloma

Selinexor/Dexamethasone in Triple-Class Refractory Multiple Myeloma

In the phase IIb STORM Part 2 study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Chari et al found that the combination of oral selinexor and dexamethasone produced responses in patients with multiple myeloma refractory to prior treatment with an alkylating agent, immunomodulatory agent, and...

Multiple Myeloma

Selinexor in Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel hematology and oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms of action, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. On July 3, 2019, the oral nuclear export...

Breast Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Sarcoma
Lymphoma
Multiple Myeloma

Notable Presentations at ASCO 2019 Included Studies in Sarcoma, Lymphoma, Myeloma, and Breast and Kidney Cancers

The 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting featured a wealth of presentations on important topics. In addition to our regular news coverage of the meeting, we present below some highlights of other studies that add to our knowledge base for treatment of various cancers. Olaratumab in Soft-Tissue Sarcoma...

Multiple Myeloma

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Selinexor in Combination With Dexamethasone in Pentarefractory Multiple Myeloma

On July 3, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to selinexor (Xpovio) in combination with dexamethasone for adult patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma who have received at least four prior therapies and whose disease is refractory to at least two ...

Hematologic Malignancies
Multiple Myeloma

FDA Approves Daratumumab in Combination With Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone for Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma

On June 27, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved daratumumab (Darzalex) in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone for the treatment of patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma who are ineligible for autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT). The application received...

multiple myeloma

Stratification Tool to Predict VTE in Patients With Multiple Myeloma Treated With Immunomodulatory Drugs

New research published by Li et al in JNCCN–Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network has identified a way to help clinicians caring for patients with multiple myeloma to predict blood clots in order to take preventive action. The researchers established a set of risk factors to...

gynecologic cancer
lung cancer
lymphoma
skin cancer
multiple myeloma

FDA Pipeline: Designations and Applications Granted in Lymphoma, Small Cell Lung Cancer, Multiple Myeloma, and More

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Fast Track designation to a phospholipid-drug conjugate in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma; granted Orphan Drug designation to an immunotherapy for small cell lung cancer (SCLC); accepted supplemental biologics license applications (sBLAs) ...

Multiple Myeloma

Effect of Bortezomib/Dexamethasone Plus Pomalidomide on Progression-Free Survival in Multiple Myeloma Pretreated With Lenalidomide

In the phase III OPTIMISMM trial, reported by Paul G. Richardson, MD, and colleagues in The Lancet Oncology, researchers found that the addition of pomalidomide to bortezomib/dexamethasone improved progression-free survival in relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma previously treated with...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

How Immunologic Dysregulation in the Multiple Myeloma Microenvironment May Affect Response to CAR T-Cell Therapy

Despite an avalanche of novel therapies approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) over the past decade in the treatment of multiple myeloma, including proteasome inhibitors and immunomodulatory drugs, this blood cancer remains largely incurable, and nearly 13,000 people are expected...

multiple myeloma

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Selinexor in Combination With Dexamethasone in Pentarefractory Multiple Myeloma

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to selinexor (Xpovio) in combination with dexamethasone for adult patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma who have received at least four prior therapies and whose disease is refractory to at least two...

solid tumors
gynecologic cancer
lymphoma
multiple myeloma

FDA Pipeline: Applications Accepted in Gynecologic Cancers, Targeted Therapies

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted a new drug application for niraparib in the treatment of certain pretreated gynecologic cancers; granted Fast Track designation to a T-cell product; accepted investigational new drug applications for a myelopreservation agent and an...

hematologic malignancies
multiple myeloma

IMWG Consensus Recommendations on Imaging in Monoclonal Plasma Disorders

Just as newer drugs have significantly improved outcomes for patients with multiple myeloma in the past decade, newer imaging techniques are upgrading detection of the disease, leading to earlier treatment, but standards to help guide clinicians on the optimal use of advanced imaging have lagged...

multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

FDA Approves Daratumumab in Combination With Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone for Newly Diagnosed, Transplant-Ineligible Patients With Multiple Myeloma

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved daratumumab (Darzalex) in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone for the treatment of patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma who are ineligible for autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT). The application received approval ...

multiple myeloma

Are Cardiac Events During Proteasome Inhibitor Therapy for Relapsed Multiple Myeloma Common?

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Cornell et al found that cardiovascular adverse events are common in patients receiving proteasome inhibitor therapy for relapsed multiple myeloma and are associated with poorer outcome. The prospective observational study involved 95...

multiple myeloma

EHA 2019: BELLINI Trial Evaluates Addition of Venetoclax to Bortezomib/Dexamethasone in Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

The phase III BELLINI trial—reported by Kumar et al at the 24th Annual Congress of the European Hematology Association (EHA; Abstract LB2601) investigated the efficacy and safety of venetoclax/bortezomib/dexamethasone vs bortezomib/dexamethasone in patients with relapsed or refractory...

multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

EHA 2019: CASSIOPEIA Trial Examines Addition of Daratumumab to Standard Treatment Before and After ASCT in Multiple Myeloma

In the phase III CASSIOPEIA trial, reported in The Lancet and presented at the 24th Annual Congress of the European Hematology Association (EHA; Abstract S145) by Moreau et al, daratumumab plus bortezomib/thalidomide/dexamethasone (D-VTd) given before and after autologous stem cell transplantation...

multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

MAIA Trial: Addition of Daratumumab to Lenalidomide/Dexamethasone in Untreated Myeloma Ineligible for ASCT

In the phase III MAIA trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Facon et al found that the addition of daratumumab to lenalidomide/dexamethasone significantly improved progression-free survival in previously untreated multiple myeloma ineligible for autologous stem cell transplantation ...

multiple myeloma

Cytogenetic Prognostic Index for Survival in Multiple Myeloma

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Perrot et al identified a cytogenetic prognostic index predictive of survival in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. Study Details The study involved data from 1,635 patients in four trials conducted by the Intergroupe...

lymphoma
multiple myeloma
prostate cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Reviews and Designations in Multiple Myeloma, Lymphoma, Prostate Cancer

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review for daratumumab in combination with a triplet therapy in multiple myeloma, Breakthrough Therapy designation to copanlisib for marginal zone lymphoma, and Fast Track designation for ARV-110 in metastatic...

multiple myeloma

Sagar Lonial, MD, on Smoldering Multiple Myeloma: Delaying Disease Progression With an Immunomodulatory Agent

Sagar Lonial, MD, of Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University, discusses the potentially practice-changing phase III findings showing that lenalidomide substantially delayed progression of smoldering multiple myeloma to aggressive disease when compared with observation alone (Abstract 8001).

multiple myeloma

Michael A. Thompson, MD, PhD, on Smoldering Multiple Myeloma: Reassessing Risk Stratification Models

Michael A. Thompson, MD, PhD, of Advocate Aurora Health, discusses the implications of the revised diagnostic criteria for multiple myeloma, which removed patients at the highest risk of disease progression from the smoldering group, and a new model for smoldering disease that incorporates revised cutoffs for the previously used parameters (Abstract 8000).

multiple myeloma

Francesca Gay, MD, on Multiple Myeloma: Carfilzomib/Lenalidomide/Dexamethasone With or Without Transplantation

Francesca Gay, MD, of GIMEMA, European Myeloma Network, discusses the results of the FORTE trial on the efficacy of carfilzomib/lenalidomide/dexamethasone with or without autologous stem cell transplantation according to risk status in newly diagnosed disease (Abstract 8002).  

multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

Paul G. Richardson, MD, on Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma: Adding Isatuximab to Pomalidomide and Low-Dose Dexamethasone

Paul G. Richardson, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses findings from the phase III ICARIA-MM trial showing that isatuximab, pomalidomide, and low-dose dexamethasone significantly improved progression-free survival and overall response vs pomalidomide and dexamethasone (Abstract 8004).  

multiple myeloma
issues in oncology

Kamal Chamoun, MD, on Multiple Myeloma: Insurance Status and Survival

Kamal Chamoun, MD, of University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center, discusses how better insurance coverage determines not only the ability of patients with multiple myeloma to afford high-priced oral medications, but their survival of the disease (Abstract LBA107).

multiple myeloma
issues in oncology

2019 ASCO: Does Insurance Status Impact Survival in Patients With Multiple Myeloma?

A new study analyzing demographic statistics from the National Cancer Database presented by Chamoun et al at the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract LBA107) identified multiple socioeconomic factors—including private insurance, living in a regionally higher-income area, and receiving treatment ...

multiple myeloma

OPTIMISMM: Addition of Pomalidomide to Bortezomib/Dexamethasone in Pretreated Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

In the phase III OPTIMISMM trial, reported by Richardson et al in The Lancet Oncology, researchers found that the addition of pomalidomide to bortezomib/dexamethasone improved progression-free survival in relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma previously treated with lenalidomide. Study Details...

cns cancers
solid tumors
leukemia
multiple myeloma
sarcoma

FDA Pipeline: Designations in Myeloma, Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma, and Kaposi Sarcoma, Plus ODAC Votes

This week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration granted designations in relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma, adenoid cystic carcinoma, and Kaposi sarcoma; and the FDA’s Oncologic Drugs Advisory Committee (ODAC) held votes on treatments for tenosynovial giant cell tumor and acute...

multiple myeloma

2019 ASCO: Lenalidomide May Reduce the Risk of Smoldering Multiple Myeloma Progressing to Active Disease

A phase III randomized trial (E3A06) by Lonial et al testing the effect of single-agent lenalidomide vs observation in patients with intermediate- or high-risk smoldering multiple myeloma has found that lenalidomide significantly reduces the risk of smoldering multiple myeloma progressing to active ...

multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

Anti-BCMA CAR T-Cell Therapy in Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

In a phase I trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Raje et al found that bb2121, a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy targeting B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA), was safe in heavily pretreated patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma. Investigators reported ...

multiple myeloma

DNA Rearrangement May Predict Treatment Resistance and Poor Outcomes in Multiple Myeloma

A certain type of DNA marker may predict poor outcomes in multiple myeloma, researchers at Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University have found. The marker is a particular rearrangement of chromosomes that is rarely tested for but may indicate resistance to immunomodulatory drugs such as...

Multiple Myeloma

Expert Point of View: High-Risk Smoldering Multiple Myeloma

IN SPITE of the high response rates and lack of progression to active disease with the regimens described at the 2018 American Society of Hematology Meeting & Exposition, several myeloma experts interviewed by The ASCO Post said the data do not yet move them to routinely intervene in high-risk...

Multiple Myeloma

Robert A. Kyle, MD, Luminary in Myeloma Research: Journey From a One-Room Schoolhouse to Groundbreaking Research

In this installment of Living a Full Life, guest editor Jame Abraham, MD, FACP, interviewed multiple myeloma pioneer Robert A. Kyle, MD, whose groundbreaking work has changed the practice of hematology. Among his many honors are the David A. Karnofsky Memorial Award from ASCO and the Wallace H....

multiple myeloma

Patient-Reported Outcomes With Salvage Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation vs Nontransplantation in Relapsed Multiple Myeloma

In an analysis of the phase III UK Myeloma X trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Ahmedzai et al found that patient-reported outcomes tended to be worse with salvage autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) vs nontransplantation consolidation in relapsed multiple myeloma. The...

Hematologic Malignancies
Multiple Myeloma

FDA Warning: Investigational Use of Venetoclax in Multiple Myeloma

On March 21, 2019, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) posted a safety statement on the investigational use of venetoclax in multiple myeloma. The statement alerts health-care professionals and patients about the suspension of the BELLINI trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT02755597) of ...

cns cancers
leukemia
multiple myeloma

FDA Pipeline: Designations in Glioblastoma, Neurofibromatosis, Multiple Myeloma, and AML

This week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted designations for treatments for recurrent glioblastoma, neurofibromatosis type 1 and plexiform neurofibromas, multiple myeloma, and relapsed or refractory FLT3-ITD acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Fast Track Designation for Ad-RTS-hIL-12...

Multiple Myeloma

Expert Point of View: Kenneth Shain, MD, PhD

KENNETH SHAIN, MD, PhD, Director of the Myeloma Working Group at Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, Florida, told The ASCO Post that ixazomib is “an effective drug,” but he is not ready to use it as maintenance therapy. He noted that the TOURMALINE-MM3 trial did meet its primary endpoint—but not...

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