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Gynecologic Cancers

Addition of an ATR Inhibitor to Gemcitabine in Platinum-Resistant High-Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Panagiotis A. Konstantinopoulos, MD, and colleagues, a phase II trial has shown significantly prolonged progression-free survival with the addition of the ATR (ataxia telangiectasia and Rad3–related) kinase inhibitor berzosertib to gemcitabine in women with...

Gynecologic Cancers

Meta-analysis of Survival After Minimally Invasive vs Open Radical Hysterectomy for Early-Stage Cervical Cancer

In a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies reported in JAMA Oncology, Nitecki et al found that minimally invasive radical hysterectomy was associated with increased risk of recurrence and all-cause mortality vs open surgery in women with early-stage cervical cancer. Study...

Gynecologic Cancers

Lipophilic Statins May Reduce Mortality in Patients With Ovarian Cancer

Lipophilic statins—a type of medication commonly prescribed to lower blood cholesterol—were associated with reduced mortality in patients with ovarian cancer, according to a study presented by Kala Visvanathan, MD, MHS, and colleagues at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Virtual...

Gynecologic Cancers

ASTRO Issues Clinical Guideline on Radiation Therapy for Cervical Cancer

A new clinical guideline from the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) provides recommendations for radiation therapy to treat patients with nonmetastatic cervical cancer. The guideline—ASTRO's first for cervical cancer—outlines indications and best practices for external-beam radiation...

Gynecologic Cancers

Breastfeeding: A Public Health Strategy for Reducing Risk of Ovarian Cancer

Although early-stage disease is highly curable, most ovarian cancers are diagnosed at later stages due to a lack of effective screening. As a result, less than 50% of women survive beyond 5 years. Improving prevention by identifying modifiable risk factors could dramatically change the outcome of...

Gynecologic Cancers

Breastfeeding Associated With Reduced Risk of Invasive Ovarian Cancer, Including High-Grade Serous Disease

In a pooled analysis reported in JAMA Oncology,1 Naoko Sasamoto, MD, MPH, of the Obstetrics and Gynecology Epidemiology Center, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, and colleagues found that breastfeeding, even for durations of 1 to 3 months per birth, was associated with a significant reduction...

Gynecologic Cancers

Expert Point of View: Kathleen N. Moore, MD

Kathleen N. Moore, MD, Associate Professor of Gynecologic Oncology and Director of the Oklahoma TSET Phase I Clinical Trials Program, Stephenson Cancer Center, Oklahoma City, underscored the importance of studying patients with stable disease and less robust partial response, not just those with...

Gynecologic Cancers

Veliparib Plus Chemotherapy Shows Antitumor Activity in Front-Line Treatment of Ovarian Cancer, but Is It Enough?

An updated analysis of the phase III VELIA/GOG-3005 trial, presented during the 2020 Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) Annual Meeting on Women’s Cancer Webinar Series,1 suggested synergy between the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor veliparib and platinum chemotherapy in the...

Gynecologic Cancers

Niraparib for First-Line Maintenance Treatment of Advanced Ovarian Cancer

On April 29, 2020, niraparib was approved for maintenance treatment of adult patients with advanced epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer who are in complete or partial response to first-line platinum-based chemotherapy.1,2 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was based on...

Gynecologic Cancers

Expert Point of View: Thomas J. Herzog, MD, and Kathleen N. Moore, MD

Thomas J. Herzog, MD, Deputy Director, University of Cincinnati Cancer Center, who presented a distillation of the PAOLA-1 trial findings along with updated results of the PRIMA trial, called the difference in progression-free survival with the addition of olaparib to bevacizumab “remarkable” after ...

Gynecologic Cancers

Front-Line Maintenance With Olaparib/Bevacizumab Improves Outcomes in Advanced Ovarian Cancer

Proponents of combining bevacizumab with poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibition to treat advanced ovarian cancer now have more data to support the maintenance regimen, according to an updated analysis of the phase III PAOLA-1 trial presented during the 2020 Society of Gynecologic Oncology...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: TROPHIMMUN Trial

Two gynecologic oncologists and ASCO’s Chief Medical Officer and Executive Vice President Richard L. Schilsky, MD, FACP, FSCT, FASCO, commented on the findings of the TROPHIMMUN trial for The ASCO Post. “The authors demonstrate efficacy of a new treatment approach for gestational trophoblastic...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Ursula A. Matulonis, MD, on Ovarian Cancer: Roundup of Studies on Olaparib, Cediranib, Mirvetuximab Soravtansine, Bevacizumab, and Pembrolizumab

Ursula A. Matulonis, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses three important studies focusing on newer therapies for patients with recurrent platinum-sensitive, platinum-agnostic, and advanced recurrent ovarian cancers (Abstracts 6003, 6004, and 6005).

gynecologic cancers

Andres Poveda, MD, on Ovarian Cancer: Assessing Maintenance Olaparib

Andres Poveda, MD, of Initia Oncology, discusses phase III results from the SOLO2 trial, which showed that, compared with placebo, maintenance olaparib improved median overall survival by 12.9 months in patients with platinum-sensitive, relapsed ovarian cancer and a BRCA mutation (Abstract 6002).

Gynecologic Cancers

Olaparib Plus Bevacizumab in Maintenance Treatment for Ovarian, Fallopian Tube, or Primary Peritoneal Cancers

On May 8, 2020, olaparib was granted an expanded indication to include use in combination with bevacizumab for first-line maintenance treatment of adult patients with advanced epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer who are in complete or partial response to first-line...

gynecologic cancers

Tingyan Shi, MD, PhD, on Ovarian Cancer: Secondary Cytoreductive Surgery for Recurrent Disease

Tingyan Shi, MD, PhD, of Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, discusses study results that showed secondary cytoreductive surgery in selected patients extended progression-free survival and might contribute to long-term survival (Abstract 6001).

Breast Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Genomics/Genetics

Remote Pre- and Posttest Genetic Counseling for Breast and Ovarian Cancer Risk

Genetic testing for cancer risk can significantly improve the prevention or treatment of hereditary cancers, but studies have shown that people who might have a genetic risk often don't get tested. A collaborative team of researchers have tested a possible solution through a clinical trial aimed at ...

Gynecologic Cancers

Cediranib/Olaparib vs Standard-of-Care Chemotherapy for Platinum-Sensitive Ovarian Cancer

Results of the NRG Oncology phase III clinical trial NRG-GY004 indicated that the addition of the investigational agent cediranib to olaparib and standard platinum-based chemotherapy did not improve progression-free survival outcomes for women with platinum-sensitive ovarian cancer; however,...

gynecologic cancers
covid-19

Merry-Jennifer Markham, MD: Perspectives on Three Abstracts From the ASCO Cancer Communications Chair

Merry-Jennifer Markham, MD, ASCO’s Cancer Communications Chair, gives her views on key papers presented at the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program, addressing gynecologic malignancies and COVID-19.

Gynecologic Cancers

Is Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy Alone Oncologically Safe for Patients With Early-Stage Cervical Cancer?

In a study of patients with early-stage cervical cancer presented by Balaya et al during the Gynecologic Cancer Oral Abstract Session of the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program (Abstract 6006), researchers assessed disease-free and disease-specific survival to determine whether sentinel lymph node...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

TROPHIMMUN Trial Finds Avelumab Effective in Rare Gynecologic Tumor Resistant to Chemotherapy

The first trial of immunotherapy for gestational trophoblastic tumors proved effective in almost 50% of patients resistant to single-agent chemotherapy, French investigators reported in an abstract presented during the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program.1 The results of the phase II TROPHIMMUN trial ...

Gynecologic Cancers
COVID-19

Gynecologic Oncologist Describes His New Normal in a New York Hospital

During the COVID-19 pandemic, The ASCO Post will be interviewing oncologists on how they and their centers are dealing with the crisis. Here, we speak with Alexander Melamed, MD, MPH, a gynecologic oncologist and Assistant Professor of Obstetrics & Gynecology at NewYork-Presbyterian/Columbia...

Gynecologic Cancers

Expert Point of View: Thomas J. Herzog, MD

Thomas J. Herzog, MD, Deputy Director, University of Cincinnati Cancer Center, who presented a distillation of the PRIMA trial data along with updated results of the phase III PAOLA-1 trial of olaparib plus bevacizumab maintenance, called the data “practice-changing.” “We’ve suspected for a while...

Gynecologic Cancers

Niraparib as First-Line Maintenance Therapy for Advanced Ovarian Cancers

Making sense of maintenance therapy in advanced ovarian cancer has been a tall order since the publication of impressive data for not one but three PARP inhibitors at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2019 Congress.1 The picture became a little clearer on April 29, 2020, however,...

Gynecologic Cancers

Expert Point of View: Shannon N. Westin, MD, MPH, FACOG and Alexander Melamed, MD, MPH

Discussant of the abstract on the WEE1 inhibitor adavosertib, Shannon N. Westin, MD, MPH, FACOG, Associate Professor and clinical investigator at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, called the interaction between P53 and WEE1 an “opportunity for synthetic lethality.” She continued:...

Gynecologic Cancers

WEE1 Inhibitor Shows Activity in Recurrent Uterine Serous Carcinoma

Monotherapy with the experimental WEE1 inhibitor adavosertib has shown activity in patients with advanced recurrent or metastatic uterine serous carcinoma,1 according to data presented during the 2020 Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) Annual Meeting on Women’s Cancer Webinar Series. The initial ...

Gynecologic Cancers

Prevalence of Endosalpingiosis and Association With Ovarian Cancer

Over the last decade, researchers have become concerned about a possible link between a benign gynecologic lesion called endosalpingiosis and ovarian cancer. However, using a diagnostic method typically reserved for specimens suspected of being cancerous, a team has found the prevalence of...

Gynecologic Cancers

Expert Point of View: Don S. Dizon, MD, FACP, FASCO

Commenting on the SOLO2 trial for The ASCO Post was Don S. Dizon, MD, FACP, FASCO, Director of Women’s Cancers at Lifespan Cancer Institute and Professor of Medicine at Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island. “It’s great to get an overall survival advantage from a PARP inhibitor study. Coming...

Gynecologic Cancers

Overall Survival Benefit Shown for Maintenance Olaparib in Ovarian Cancer

For the first time, overall survival has been improved with maintenance therapy involving a poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor in patients with platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer associated with BRCA1/2 mutations. In the final, preplanned, overall survival analysis in the...

Gynecologic Cancers

Addition of Olaparib to Bevacizumab Maintenance in Advanced Ovarian Cancer: PAOLA-1 Trial

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Isabelle Ray‑Coquard, MD, PhD, of the Centre Leon Berard, University Claude Bernard Lyon 1 and Groupe d’Investigateurs Nationaux pour l’Etude des Cancers Ovariens (GINECO), Paris, and colleagues, the phase III PAOLA-1 trial has shown a...

Gynecologic Cancers

PARP Inhibitors in Maintenance Treatment for Advanced Ovarian Cancer

Based on multiple phase III prospective trials, there is evidence that both PARP inhibitors and antiangiogenic therapies such as bevacizumab provide benefit when utilized in a maintenance strategy in the first-line treatment of advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (GOG 218, ICON7, SOLO-1, PRIMA,...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Olaparib Plus Bevacizumab as Maintenance Treatment for Ovarian, Fallopian Tube, or Primary Peritoneal Cancers

On May 8, 2020, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) expanded the indication of olaparib (Lynparza) to include its combination with bevacizumab for first-line maintenance treatment of adult patients with advanced epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer who are in...

Gynecologic Cancers

Expert Point of View: Alexandra Leary, MD, PhD

Alexandra Leary, MD, PhD, of the Gustave Roussy Institute of Oncology, Paris, underscored the controversy surrounding the use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in advanced ovarian cancer, suggesting the discord may be “more cultural and emotional than scientific” to some degree. “Some countries, such as ...

Gynecologic Cancers

Advanced Ovarian Cancer: Use of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy Increasing Along With Survival

The use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for advanced ovarian cancer may not have the negative impact on survival feared by many gynecologic oncologists. In fact, according to a pair of studies that were to have been presented at the Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) 2020 Annual Meeting on Women’s...

Gynecologic Cancers

SGO 2020: Wee1 Inhibition in Recurrent Uterine Serous Carcinoma

In a clinical trial in patients with recurrent uterine serous carcinoma, one-third of study participants responded to treatment with the Wee1 inhibitor adavosertib, according to data presented by Liu et al at a virtual session of the Society for Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) Annual Meeting on Women’s...

Leukemia
Pancreatic Cancer
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Lung Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Lymphoma

FDA Pipeline: Priority Review in AML, Fast Track Designations for Pancreatic Cancer and Neuroendocrine Tumors

Over the past 2 weeks, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to a treatment for acute myeloid leukemia (AML); Fast Track designations for agents in pancreatic cancer and pancreatic/nonpancreatic neuroendocrine tumors; approvals for companion diagnostic tests;...

Gynecologic Cancers

FDA Approves Niraparib as Maintenance Therapy for Advanced Ovarian Cancer

On April 29, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved niraparib (Zejula) for the maintenance treatment of adult patients with advanced epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer who are in a complete or partial response to first-line platinum-based chemotherapy....

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Nivolumab/Ipilimumab vs Nivolumab Alone in Recurrent or Persistent Ovarian Cancer

In a phase II NRG Oncology trial (NRG GY003) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Dmitriy Zamarin, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that the addition of ipilimumab to nivolumab improved objective response rate and progression-free survival in women with persistent or recurrent epithelial...

Immunotherapy
Solid Tumors
Lung Cancer
Bladder Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
CNS Cancers

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews for Immunotherapy Based on Biomarker Status, Combination First-Line Therapy in Lung Cancer

Over the past week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to an immunotherapeutic agent for solid tumors with a high tumor mutational burden and to a combination treatment for the first-line treatment of metastatic or recurrent non–small cell lung cancer. The agency...

Gynecologic Cancers

Does Breastfeeding Affect Invasive Ovarian Cancer Risk?

In a large pooled analysis reported in JAMA Oncology by Babic et al, breastfeeding was associated with a significant reduction in risk for invasive ovarian cancers, including high-grade serous disease. Study Details The pooled analysis included data from 9,973 women with ovarian cancer and 13,843...

Issues in Oncology
Gynecologic Cancers
Global Cancer Care

Gynecologic Cancer Screening After a Natural Disaster

Cervical cancer screening rates were significantly affected in the years following the Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011, according to a report published by Miki et al in PLOS ONE. “Conflicts and disasters, and the social isolation that often follows, have a major impact on health care and lead...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Predicting Which Patients With Ovarian Cancer May Respond to Combination PARP and PD-1 Inhibition

In some patients with advanced ovarian cancer, the combination of programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors can produce responses, but up until now, investigators have been unable to predict which patients would not benefit from the treatment and...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Lenvatinib/Pembrolizumab in Previously Treated Patients With Advanced Endometrial Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Vicky Makker, MD, and colleagues, findings from a phase Ib/II trial indicate that the combination of lenvatinib and pembrolizumab is active in patients with previously treated advanced endometrial carcinoma. Study Details The report is the primary ...

Gynecologic Cancers

Risk of Cervical Cancer With Different Types of Intrauterine Devices

Patients who used copper intrauterine devices (IUDs) were found to have a lower risk of high-grade cervical neoplasms vs users of the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system, according to a study published by Spotnitz et al in the journal Obstetrics & Gynecology. The study notes that more...

Lung Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Breast Cancer

FDA Pipeline: Breakthrough Therapy for NSCLC With Specific Mutation, Approval of Test for Cervical Cancer, and More

Over the past week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to a bispecific antibody for the treatment of patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with EGFR exon 20 insertion mutations; granted approval to a test for human...

Gynecologic Cancers

Olaparib vs Nonplatinum Chemotherapy in Platinum-Sensitive Relapsed BRCA1/2-Mutated Ovarian Cancer

In the phase III SOLO3 trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Richard T. Penson, MD, and colleagues found that olaparib was associated with an improved objective response rate and progression-free survival vs nonplatinum chemotherapy in women with platinum-sensitive relapsed ovarian...

Gynecologic Cancers
Symptom Management

Gastrointestinal Patient-Reported Outcomes With Postoperative Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy vs Standard Radiotherapy

In an analysis from the NRG Oncology RTOG 1203 study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Yeung et al found improved patient-reported gastrointestinal toxicity with intensity-modulated radiotherapy vs standard radiotherapy among patients with cervical or endometrial cancer requiring...

Lung Cancer
Head and Neck Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Breast Cancer

FDA Pipeline: Priority Review in Lung Cancer, Breakthrough Therapy Designation in Head and Neck Cancer, and More

This week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to brigatinib for the treatment of ALK-positive lung cancer and Breakthrough Therapy designation to a potential first-in-class oral antagonist of inhibitors of apoptosis proteins for the treatment of head and neck...

Gynecologic Cancers
Genomics/Genetics

New ASCO Guideline Highlights Need to Improve Germline, Somatic Tumor Testing in Epithelial Ovarian Cancer

A new ASCO clinical practice guideline provides clinicians and other health-care professionals with evidence-based recommendations on genetic and tumor testing for women diagnosed with epithelial ovarian cancer.1 “We wanted to go over the evidence and make strong statements and recommendations...

Gynecologic Cancers

Proteomic Analysis of Endometrial Cancer

A comprehensive molecular study of endometrial cancer published by Dou et al in Cell has further defined the contributions of key genes and proteins to the disease. The overview suggests new treatment approaches that could be tailored for each patient, as well as potential biologic targets for...

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