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Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Adding Radiotherapy to Immunotherapy in Renal Cell Carcinoma: Studies Find Mixed Results

Despite recent enthusiasm for combining stereotactic body radiation therapy with immunotherapy in renal cell carcinoma, two preliminary studies presented at the 2020 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium suggest that it may not be the best path forward. In one study, the combination of nivolumab plus...

Kidney Cancer

Addition of Vincristine/Irinotecan to Established Chemotherapy Regimen in Patients With Diffuse Anaplastic Wilms Tumor

In a Children’s Oncology Group study (AREN0321) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Daw et al found that the addition of vincristine/irinotecan to a regimen used in the National Wilms Tumor Study 5 (NWTS-5; vincristine, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, carboplatin, and etoposide plus...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Navid Hafez, MD, MPH

Ilixadencel is essentially a dendritic cell vaccine without preloaded antigens. In the MERECA study, ilixadencel produced “a great signal,” though this approach is still very experimental, said the study’s invited discussant, Navid Hafez, MD, MPH, of Yale Cancer Center. Dr. Hafez is a member of the ...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Off-the-Shelf Dendritic Vaccine Shows Benefit in Kidney Cancer

Ilixadencel is a cell-based, allogeneic, off-the-shelf product aimed at priming the anticancer immune response when injected intratumorally. The phase II MERECA study evaluated this allogeneic dendritic cell product given with sunitinib in 88 patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma. The study ...

Kidney Cancer

Expert Point of View: Daniel Geynisman, MD

Formal discussant of this trial of MK-6482, Daniel Geynisman, MD, of Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, was enthusiastic about this presentation. “The response rates were fabulous in this group of heavily pretreated patients,” he stated. “A total of 69% had some tumor shrinkage, 24% had an...

Kidney Cancer

MK-6482 Shows Activity Across All Risk Categories in Metastatic Clear Cell Kidney Cancer

A novel approach using a drug called MK-6482 showed activity in a phase I/II study in patients with metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma, according to a presentation at the 2020 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium.1 MK-6482 is an oral, first-in-class selective small-molecule inhibitor that...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Pembrolizumab Plus Bevacizumab for Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a phase Ib/II trial (BTRC-GU14-003) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Dudek et al found that the combination of pembrolizumab and bevacizumab showed activity in patients with metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma. As stated by the investigators, “Anti-angiogenic treatment has...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Ziad Bakouny, MD, on Sarcomatoid and Rhabdoid RCC: Potential Determinants of Poor Prognosis and Treatment Response

Ziad Bakouny, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses two types of renal cell cancer that are associated with poor prognosis. Because recent early data suggest these tumors respond well to immune checkpoint inhibitors, the authors characterized the tumors in an integrative molecular and clinical study (Abstract 715).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on COSMIC-313: Cabozantinib in Combination With Nivolumab/Ipilimumab in RCC

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, describes a currently recruiting phase III study (COSMIC-313) of cabozantinib in combination with nivolumab and ipilimumab vs nivolumab/ipilimumab for patients with previously untreated advanced renal cell carcinoma of intermediate or poor risk (Abstract TPS767).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Nizar M. Tannir, MD, on Nivolumab/Ipilimumab vs Sunitinib in Advanced Kidney Cancer

Nizar M. Tannir, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses overall survival and an independent review of response in CheckMate 214 with 42-month follow-up, using first-line nivolumab plus ipilimumab vs sunitinib in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 609).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, on Adding Radiation to Immunotherapy for RCC: Improving Systemic Control Through Local Therapy

Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, of Queen Mary University of London, summarizes two papers on metastatic renal cell carcinoma for which he was the discussant: nivolumab in combination with stereotactic body radiotherapy in pretreated patients, and combining dual immune checkpoint inhibition with stereotactic radiation (Abstracts 613 & 614).

kidney cancer

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on an HIF2A Inhibitor for Advanced Clear Cell RCC

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses findings from a phase I/II trial that found MK-6482 was well tolerated and demonstrated activity in heavily pretreated patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 611).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Ziad Bakouny, MD, on Metastatic Kidney Cancer: Defining the Role of Cytoreductive Nephrectomy

Ziad Bakouny, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses the controversial and ill-defined role of cytoreductive nephrectomy in treating patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma who have received targeted therapies or immune checkpoint inhibitors (Abstract 608).

Bladder Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Issues in Oncology

2020 GU Cancers Symposium: Fear of Recurrence, Patients’ Prognostic Understanding Examined in Genitourinary Cancers

In studies to be presented at the 2020 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium (Abstracts 649 and 665), researchers examined the prevalence of fear of cancer recurrence in patients with renal cell carcinoma and evaluated the prognostic understanding patients with genitourinary cancer possess of their...

Kidney Cancer

2020 GU Cancers Symposium: Oral HIF2A Inhibitor for Advanced Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

A novel, first-in-class, small molecule, hypoxia-inducible factor 2 alpha (HIF2A) inhibitor showed single-agent activity in heavily pretreated patients with metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma. These results from a phase I/II study will be presented by Toni Choueiri, MD, and colleagues at...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

ASCO-SITC 2020: Ilixadencel/Sunitinib vs Sunitinib Alone in Synchronous Metastatic Kidney Cancer

In a study presented by Lindskog et al at the 2020 ASCO-SITC Clinical Immuno-Oncology Symposium (Abstract 11), researchers found ilixadencel, a cell-based allogeneic off-the-shelf product, in combination with sunitinib produced a higher objective response rate than sunitinib alone in patients with...

Immunotherapy
Skin Cancer
Sarcoma
Kidney Cancer

Three Studies Examine Relationship Between B-Cell Enrichment and Response to Immunotherapy

The likelihood of a patient responding to immune checkpoint blockade may depend on B cells in the tumor, located within specialized immune-cell clusters known as tertiary lymphoid structures, according to three studies all recently published in Nature. The studies showed that enrichment of B cells...

Kidney Cancer

TIVO-3: Third- or Fourth-Line Tivozanib vs Sorafenib in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Brian I. Rini, MD, and colleagues, the phase III TIVO-3 trial has shown a statistically significant increase in progression-free survival with tivozanib vs sorafenib as a third- or fourth-line treatment for advanced renal cell carcinoma. Study Details The...

Kidney Cancer

First-Line Pembrolizumab Plus Axitinib for Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

On April 19, 2019, pembrolizumab was approved for use in combination with the small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitor axitinib for the first-line treatment of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma.1,2 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was based on findings in the open-label phase III...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy Strategies in Renal Cell Carcinoma: Present and Future

Immunotherapy with checkpoint inhibitors is now considered a standard of care for the front-line treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma. Despite better outcomes with these agents, there is still room for improvement. At the 2019 Chemotherapy Foundation Symposium, Robert J. Motzer, MD, of...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Atezolizumab/Bevacizumab in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma With Variant Histology or Sarcomatoid Features

In a phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and colleagues found that the combination of atezolizumab and bevacizumab was active in metastatic renal cell carcinoma with variant histology and clear cell renal cell carcinoma with ≥ 20% sarcomatoid...

Prostate Cancer
Breast Cancer
Bladder Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Thyroid Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

ESMO Congress 2019: Quick Takes From Key Clinical Trials

The ESMO Congress continues to grow as a pivotal platform for research in clinical oncology. At the ESMO Congress 2019, important findings were showcased in more than 2,200 studies, including 93 late-breaking abstracts. The ASCO Post summarized much of that news in separate articles over several...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy Combinations Redefine Outcomes for Patients With Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

The treatment landscape for patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma has changed drastically over the past several years with the introduction of many new therapeutic options for patients. The revolution began with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of nivolumab and ipilimumab...

Kidney Cancer

CheckMate 214: Nivolumab/Ipilimumab vs Sunitinib in First-Line Treatment of Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Robert J. Motzer, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, and colleagues, extended follow-up of the phase III CheckMate 214 trial has shown maintained survival benefit of first-line nivolumab/ipilimumab vs sunitinib among patients with...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Individualized Axitinib Regimens After Immunotherapy for Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a phase II study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Ornstein et al found that individualized axitinib regimens showed activity in patients with locally recurrent or metastatic renal cell carcinoma who had previously received immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy, although the progression-free...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Extended Follow-up of CheckMate 214: Nivolumab/Ipilimumab vs Sunitinib as First-Line Treatment for Advanced RCC

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Robert J. Motzer, MD, and colleagues, extended follow-up of the phase III CheckMate 214 trial has shown a maintained survival benefit for first-line nivolumab/ipilimumab vs sunitinib in patients with previously untreated intermediate- or poor-risk advanced...

Kidney Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Immunotherapy

Novel Treatments Under Study in Renal Cell Carcinoma and Prostate Cancer

There were numerous notable presentations at the 2019 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium, many of which were covered in The ASCO Post over the past few months. To add to our continued coverage of this meeting, here are some highlights from studies focusing on novel therapeutics in renal cell carcinoma ...

Kidney Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Immunotherapy

Novel Treatments Under Study in Renal Cell Carcinoma and Prostate Cancer

There were numerous notable presentations at the 2019 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium, many of which were covered in The ASCO Post over the past few months. To add to our continued coverage of this meeting, here are some highlights from studies focusing on novel therapeutics in renal cell carcinoma ...

Immunotherapy
Skin Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Lung Cancer

Long-Term Follow-up of Patients With Melanoma, Kidney Cancer, and Lung Cancer Receiving Nivolumab

As reported by Suzanne L. Topalian, MD, and colleagues in JAMA Oncology, long-term follow up of patients from a phase I expansion cohort study indicated 5-year overall survival rates of 34.2%, 27.7%, and 15.6% among patients who received nivolumab monotherapy for advanced melanoma, renal cell...

Breast Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Sarcoma
Lymphoma
Multiple Myeloma

Notable Presentations at ASCO 2019 Included Studies in Sarcoma, Lymphoma, Myeloma, and Breast and Kidney Cancers

The 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting featured a wealth of presentations on important topics. In addition to our regular news coverage of the meeting, we present below some highlights of other studies that add to our knowledge base for treatment of various cancers. Olaratumab in Soft-Tissue Sarcoma...

kidney cancer
lung cancer
skin cancer
immunotherapy

Five-Year Survival in Heavily Pretreated Patients Receiving Nivolumab Monotherapy

As reported by Topalian et al in JAMA Oncology, long-term follow up of patients from a phase I expansion cohort study indicated 5-year overall survival rates of 34.2%, 27.7%, and 15.6% among patients who received nivolumab monotherapy for advanced melanoma, renal cell carcinoma (RCC), and...

Immunotherapy
Colorectal Cancer
Lung Cancer
CNS Cancers
Kidney Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers

FDA Approves Bevacizumab Biosimilar for Five Cancer Types

ON JUNE 28, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved bevacizumab-bvzr (Zirabev), a biosimilar to bevacizumab (Avastin), for the treatment of five types of cancer: metastatic colorectal cancer; unresectable, locally advanced, recurrent, or metastatic nonsquamous non–small cell lung...

kidney cancer
issues in oncology
immunotherapy

Benefit Seen With Targeted Therapies in Elderly and Medically Complex Patients With Metastatic RCC

Many elderly and medically complex patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC)—who are often underrepresented in clinical trials—saw overall survival benefits from treatment with targeted therapies, according to a study that analyzed 13 years of data on Medicare patients...

cns cancers
colorectal cancer
gynecologic cancer
kidney cancer
lung cancer

FDA Approves Bevacizumab Biosimilar for Five Cancer Types

On June 28, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved bevacizumab-bvzr (Zirabev), a biosimilar to bevacizumab (Avastin), for the treatment of five types of cancer: metastatic colorectal cancer; unresectable, locally advanced, recurrent, or metastatic nonsquamous non–small cell ...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Activity of Nivolumab for Renal Cell Carcinoma Brain Metastases

In an analysis of the phase II GETUG-AFU 26 NIVOREN study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Flippot et al found that nivolumab had limited activity in patients with previously untreated brain metastases from clear cell renal cell carcinoma. The study assessed nivolumab in patients with ...

kidney cancer

2019 ASCO: No Benefit From Pazopanib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma After Metastasectomy

The E2810 trial was conducted to determine whether treatment with the oral drug pazopanib following surgery to remove further metastases in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma would improve their disease-free survival. Results from the study—which showed that primary endpoint of...

kidney cancer

Leonard J. Appleman, MD, PhD, on Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma: Pazopanib vs Placebo After Metastasectomy

Leonard J. Appleman, MD, PhD, of UPMC Hillman Cancer Center, discusses phase III trial findings that showed a trend toward worse survival with pazopanib in patients with metastatic kidney cancer who exhibited no evidence of disease following metastasectomy (Abstract 4502).

bladder cancer
kidney cancer
prostate cancer
solid tumors

Christopher Sweeney, MBBS, and Ian D. Davis, MBBS, PhD, on ANZUP: Taking a Multidisciplinary Approach to Prostate, Kidney, Bladder, Testicular, and Penile Cancers

Christopher Sweeney, MBBS, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Ian D. Davis, MBBS, PhD, of Monash University and Eastern Health, discuss the Australian and New Zealand Urogenital and Prostate Cancer Trials Group, working globally to speed clinical research in and treatment of urogenital cancers.

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Ziad Bakouny, MD, and Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: Checkpoint Inhibitors and Genomic Characterization of Sarcomatoid/Rhabdoid Disease

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Ziad Bakouny, MD, both of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discuss a retrospective review of genomically profiled patients with sarcomatoid/rhabdoid renal cell cancer who were found to have better outcomes with immune checkpoint inhibitors and to harbor mutations associated with poor prognosis (Abstract 4514).

kidney cancer

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, and Arnaud Méjean, MD, PhD, on Renal Cancer: Cytoreductive Nephrectomy Followed by Sunitinib in the Metastatic Setting

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, of the Huntsman Cancer Institute, and Arnaud Méjean, MD, PhD, of the Hôpital Européen Georges-Pompidou, Paris Descartes University, discuss an update to the CARMENA trial with new phase III study results on the benefit of cytoreductive nephrectomy followed by sunitinib vs sunitinib alone in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 4508).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, and Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: KEYNOTE-426 on First-Line Pembrolizumab Plus Axitinib vs Sunitinib

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, of Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah Health Care, and Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, of Queen Mary University of London, discuss phase III study findings on outcomes with combination therapy for intermediate/poor-risk and sarcomatoid subgroups of renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 4500).  

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

IMmotion151: First-Line Atezolizumab/Bevacizumab vs Sunitinib in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In the phase III IMmotion151 trial reported in The Lancet, Rini et al found that atezolizumab plus bevacizumab prolonged progression-free survival vs sunitinib in patients with previously untreated, programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1)-positive, metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Study Details...

Kidney Cancer

FDA Approves Avelumab/Axitinib Combination for Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

On May 14, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved avelumab (Bavencio) in combination with axitinib (Inlyta) for the first-line treatment of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). This is the first FDA approval for an anti–programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) therapy as...

Kidney Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Bladder Cancer

2019 Updates to NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Genitourinary Oncology

The 24th Annual Conference of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) was held this past March in Orlando, Florida. Updates to a number of Clinical Practice Guidelines (NCCN Guidelines®) were reported, including three relevant to the field of genitourinary oncology: kidney cancer,...

Kidney Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Bladder Cancer

New Drugs and Novel Indications for Genitourinary Cancers, FDA Approved 2017–2019

May 14, 2019: Avelumab (Bavencio) plus axitinib (Inlyta) for the first-line treatment of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). April 19, 2019: Pembrolizumab (Keytruda) plus axitinib (Inlyta) for the first-line treatment of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). April 12,...

Kidney Cancer

Expert Point of View: Daniel George, MD

The CARMENA trial presented at the 2018 ASCO Annual Meeting, published simultaneously in The New England Journal of Medicine,1,2 and reported in this supplement to The ASCO Post, evaluated the role of nephrectomy in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Formal discussant of the trial,...

Kidney Cancer

Cytoreductive Nephrectomy in Patients With Metastatic RCC Treated With Sunitinib

In a trial with a modified primary endpoint due to slow accrual reported in JAMA Oncology,1 Axel Bex, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that deferred cytoreductive nephrectomy after sunitinib did not improve the 28-week progression-free rate vs immediate nephrectomy followed by sunitinib in patients...

Kidney Cancer

Retrospective Study Evaluates Cabozantinib in Advanced Non–Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

Cabozantinib, a kinase inhibitor, is approved in metastatic renal cell carcinoma on the basis of studies in clear cell histology. Its activity in non–clear cell renal cell carcinoma is poorly defined. In a retrospective cohort study, Nieves Martinez Chanzá, MD, and colleagues reported that...

Kidney Cancer

TIVO-3: Tivozanib vs Sorafenib in Refractory Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

The TIVO-3 trial was conducted to confirm progression-free survival results from the TIVO-1 trial, which found an improvement in median progression-free survival in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma treated with tivozanib vs sorafenib. Findings from TIVO-3 were presented by Rini et al...

Kidney Cancer

Early Tumor Shrinkage and Outcomes Following Cabozantinib or Everolimus

IN A RETROSPECTIVE analysis of median  overall survival from the phase III ­METEOR  trial,1 ­Ignacio Duran, MD, PhD, and colleagues sought to determine whether early tumor shrinkage following therapy with cabozantinib or everolimus could be an early indicator of prognosis for patients with...

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