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Pancreatic Cancer
Prostate Cancer

Data From TAPUR Study Cohorts on Olaparib for BRCA-Mutated Advanced Prostate and Pancreatic Cancers

Positive results from two cohorts of the Targeted Agent and Profiling Utilization Registry (TAPUR) study provide real-world evidence to support recent clinical trial data that demonstrate a role for olaparib in the treatment of advanced prostate and pancreatic cancers with BRCA1/2-inactivating...

Leukemia
Pancreatic Cancer
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Lung Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Lymphoma

FDA Pipeline: Priority Review in AML, Fast Track Designations for Pancreatic Cancer and Neuroendocrine Tumors

Over the past 2 weeks, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to a treatment for acute myeloid leukemia (AML); Fast Track designations for agents in pancreatic cancer and pancreatic/nonpancreatic neuroendocrine tumors; approvals for companion diagnostic tests;...

Pancreatic Cancer

Risk-Prediction Model for Pancreatic Cancer

A risk-prediction model that combined genetic and clinical factors with circulating biomarkers may help to identify people at a significantly higher-than-normal risk of developing pancreatic cancer, according to results of a study published by Peter Kraft, PhD, and colleagues in Cancer...

Colorectal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer

Aspirin Use and Risk of Cancers of the Digestive Tract

Aspirin may be associated with a reduction in the risk of developing several cancers of the digestive tract. The largest and most comprehensive analysis to date of the link between aspirin and digestive tract cancers, published by Bosetti et al in Annals of Oncology, found reductions in the risk of ...

Pancreatic Cancer

Living A Full Life After Pancreatic Cancer

I have been a radiologic technologist for 47 years, so after going to the bathroom one Sunday morning in October 2018 and finding my urine had suddenly turned dark, I knew something was wrong. I wasn’t in any pain and did not have a urinary tract infection, which would explain the discoloration of...

Lung Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Timothy A. Yap, MBBS, PhD, FRCP

Semaphorin 4D (SEMA4D, and its receptor, plexin B1) is broadly expressed in malignant tumors. Aside from other “normal functions” in tumors, SEMA4D influences the infiltration and distribution of leukocytes into the microenvironment, and its inhibition promotes functional immune infiltration....

Lung Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Immunotherapy

SEMA4D Inhibition: A Novel Means of Improving Immune Response

A novel class of inhibitors may hold some promise for boosting responses to checkpoint inhibitors and for sensitizing poorly immunogenic tumors, such as pancreatic cancer, to immunotherapy. The drug targets semaphorin 4D (SEMA4D), a glycoprotein expressed on the cell membranes of many tumor types....

Pancreatic Cancer

Expert Point of View: Richard L. Schilsky, MD, FACP, FSCT, FASCO

Richard L. Schilsky, MD, FACP, FSCT, FASCO, Chief Medical Officer and Executive Vice President of ASCO, called the 74% response rate to cisplatin/gemcitabine “remarkable.” “What’s impressive to me is the high response rate, as well as the progression-free and overall survival data—these data are...

Pancreatic Cancer

Cisplatin/Gemcitabine Alone and With Veliparib in BRCA-Mutated Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

In patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and a germline BRCA/PALB2 mutation, first-line therapy with cisplatin plus gemcitabine yielded high response rates and encouraging survival, according to Eileen M. O’Reilly, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, who presented the findings...

Pancreatic Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Genetic Counseling and Testing of Patients With Pancreatic Cancer

Routine genetic counseling and multigene testing of patients with pancreatic cancer result in the detection of mutations that are actionable, not only for patients, but also for at-risk family members. At the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, the use of a systemized, automated referral system ...

Pancreatic Cancer

Maintenance Olaparib in BRCA1/2-Positive Pancreatic Cancer Yields Improved Progression-Free Survival, Preserves Quality of Life

Health-related quality of life was preserved during maintenance olaparib in patients with BRCA 1/2-positive pancreatic cancer, as evidenced by a low symptom burden over time.1 POLO investigators reported their findings in posters presented at the 2020 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium. Other...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer

Conference Highlights From the 2020 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium

This past January, the 2020 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium was held in San Francisco. More than 3,600 individuals attended and more than 900 abstracts and posters were presented. Among the highlights presented at the meeting and reported in the pages of The ASCO Post, several studies in...

Pancreatic Cancer

Study Focuses on Role of Microbes in Pancreatic Cancer

Although bacteria are predominant in the gastrointestinal tract, they also reside on and in other parts of the body, including some unexpected places, such as malignant tumors. There are numerous reports of this phenomenon, but most have not identified a functional role for the microbes. In the...

Pancreatic Cancer

Survival in Patients With Pancreatic Cancer Receiving Molecularly Matched Therapies

In a retrospective study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Michael J. Pishvaian, MD, and colleagues found that overall survival was better in patients with pancreatic cancer with actionable molecular alterations who received matched therapies compared with those who received only unmatched therapies ...

Pancreatic Cancer

Preoperative Chemoradiotherapy vs Immediate Surgery for Pancreatic Cancer

In the Dutch phase III PREOPANC trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Versteijne et al found that preoperative chemoradiotherapy did not improve overall survival vs immediate surgery in patients with resectable and borderline resectable pancreatic cancer. Benefits of preoperative...

Genomics/Genetics
Pancreatic Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Geographic and Racial Variability in Germline BRCA Mutation Prevalence Among Patients With Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Talia Golan, MD, and colleagues identified geographic and ethnic heterogeneity of germline BRCA1/2 mutation prevalence among patients screened for entry into the phase III POLO trial, which examined the efficacy of olaparib maintenance...

Pancreatic Cancer

New POLO Data Further Support Maintenance Olaparib in BRCA1/2-Positive Pancreatic Cancer

In posters presented at the 2020 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium, POLO investigators reported that health-related quality of life was preserved during maintenance olaparib in patients with BRCA 1/2-positive pancreatic cancer, as evidenced by a low symptom burden over time.1 Other studies...

Pancreatic Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Automated Referral Process for Genetic Counseling and Testing of Patients With Pancreatic Cancer

Routine genetic counseling and multigene testing of patients with pancreatic cancer result in the detection of mutations that are actionable, not only for patients, but also for at-risk family members. At the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, the use of a systemized, automated referral system that does ...

Pancreatic Cancer

Expert Point of View: Andrea Wang-Gillam, MD, PhD

Andrea Wang-Gillam, MD, PhD, Clinical Director of the GI Oncology Program and Director of Developmental Therapeutics at Washington University in St. Louis, was the invited discussant of SEQUOIA and HALO 109-301. She tried to make sense of the two negative studies of pegylated agents in advanced...

Pancreatic Cancer

Two Novel Pegylated Agents Fail in Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

Two novel treatments once thought to hold promise in the treatment of metastatic pancreatic cancer have not proved to be effective in phase III trials, investigators reported at the 2020 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium. When combined with standard chemotherapy, a pegylated form of human...

pancreatic cancer
immunotherapy

Luis I. Ruffolo, MD, on Pancreatic Cancer: Augmenting Immunotherapy With Antibody Blockade of Semaphorin 4D

Luis I. Ruffolo, MD, of the University of Rochester, discusses preclinical studies showing that semaphorin 4D blockade may sensitize pancreatic tumors to chemoimmunotherapy combinations (Abstract 26).

pancreatic cancer

Danielle S. Bitterman, MD, on Pancreatic Cancer: Noninvasive Genomic Profiling From Plasma ctDNA

Danielle S. Bitterman, MD, of the Harvard University Radiation Oncology Program and Massachusetts General Hospital, discusses an analysis of genomic and clinical data from 97 patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma with circulating tumor DNA. Mutations were most frequently detected in patients with locally advanced and metastatic disease (Abstract 753).

Pancreatic Cancer

Expert Point of View: Richard L. Schilsky, MD, FACP, FSCT, FASCO

Richard L. Schilsky, MD, FACP, FSCT, FASCO, Chief Medical Officer and Executive Vice President of ASCO, who is also a gastrointestinal oncologist, called the 74% response rate to cisplatin/gemcitabine “remarkable.” “What’s impressive to me is the high response rate, as well as the progression-free ...

Pancreatic Cancer

‘Unprecedented’ Responses to Cisplatin/Gemcitabine in BRCA-Mutated Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

As first-line treatment of patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and a germline BRCA/PALB2 mutation, cisplatin plus gemcitabine yielded high response rates and encouraging survival, establishing this doublet as a standard approach in this subset of patients, according to Eileen M....

pancreatic cancer

Eileen M. O’Reilly, MD, on Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: Gemcitabine, Cisplatin, and Veliparib

Eileen M. O’Reilly, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses phase II trial findings showing that cisplatin and gemcitabine, with or without veliparib, exceeded a prespecified response rate for patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma and a germline BRCA/PALB2 mutation (Abstract 639).

Pancreatic Cancer
Cost of Care

2020 GI Cancers Symposium: Cost of Pancreatic Cancer Care Over Time

In a study presented by Picozzi et al at the 2020 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium, researchers found that even as drug costs increased over the past decade, total inflation-adjusted pancreatic cancer care expenses declined, as did costs related to quality of life (Abstract 773). Health...

Pancreatic Cancer

Olaparib as Maintenance Therapy for Germline BRCA-Mutated Metastatic Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

On December 27, 2019, the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor olaparib was approved for the maintenance treatment of adult patients with deleterious or suspected deleterious germline BRCA-mutated metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma, as detected by a U.S. Food and Drug Administration...

Pancreatic Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Genomic Aberrations and Pancreatic Cancer Subtypes

Researchers have discovered detailed new genetic information about the subtypes of pancreatic cancer. A better understanding of the disease groups may lead to new treatment options and improved clinical outcomes for this lethal disease, Chan-Seng-Yue et al reported in Nature Genetics. The study...

Pancreatic Cancer

FDA Approves Olaparib for Patients With Germline BRCA-Mutated Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

On December 27, 2019, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved olaparib (Lynparza) as a maintenance treatment for adult patients with deleterious or suspected deleterious germline BRCA-mutated metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma as detected by an FDA-approved test whose disease has not ...

Colorectal Cancer
Head and Neck Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer

Early Research Shows Potential New Targets in Treating Glioblastoma, Colorectal Cancer, and Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma

Glioblastoma multiforme, colorectal cancer, and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma represent some of the most difficult-to-treat cancers and collectively cause more than 114,000 deaths each year in the United States. A trio of recently published basic research studies in these cancers have found...

Immunotherapy
Pancreatic Cancer

ESMO Immuno-Oncology 2019: CXCR4 Inhibitor in Combination With Pembrolizumab/Chemotherapy for Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

When the CXCR4 inhibitor BL-8040 was combined with the programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) inhibitor pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy in the second-line setting, the regimen showed promising antitumor activity in patients with metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. These findings were...

Prostate Cancer
Breast Cancer
Bladder Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Thyroid Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

ESMO Congress 2019: Quick Takes From Key Clinical Trials

The ESMO Congress continues to grow as a pivotal platform for research in clinical oncology. At the ESMO Congress 2019, important findings were showcased in more than 2,200 studies, including 93 late-breaking abstracts. The ASCO Post summarized much of that news in separate articles over several...

Pancreatic Cancer

Management of Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer: A Call for Action

Advances in systemic therapy and supportive care, as well as ongoing improvements in surgical techniques, have led to improved survival for many patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. We have observed increased survival with FOLFIRINOX (leucovorin, fluorouracil, irinotecan,...

Pancreatic Cancer
Global Cancer Care

Global Burden of Pancreatic Cancer From 1990–2017

The incidence and mortality rates of pancreatic cancer have increased in 195 countries and territories over a 27-year period, according to a systematic analysis performed within the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017 and published in The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology. The study is the...

Pancreatic Cancer

Nab-paclitaxel/Gemcitabine/Cisplatin for Previously Untreated, Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

In a phase Ib/II pilot study reported in JAMA Oncology, Jameson et al found that treatment with nab-paclitaxel, gemcitabine, and cisplatin was active in patients with previously untreated metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Study Details In the study, 25 patients were enrolled between...

Pancreatic Cancer
Supportive Care

2019 Supportive Care: Racial Disparities in Use of Hospice Care Near Death Among Patients With Pancreatic Cancer

A study investigating the utilization of hospice care among racial/ethnic minority patients following treatment for pancreatic cancer has found that African American and Hispanic patients who underwent surgical removal of the pancreas were less likely than white patients to use hospice services at...

Pancreatic Cancer

New Results From the TAPUR Study Reported in JCO Precision Oncology

New results from ASCO’s Targeted Agent and Profiling Utilization Registry (TAPUR) Study demonstrated that single-agent palbociclib has no meaningful clinical activity in patients with CDKN2A-mutated or -deleted advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma. The results, based on data...

Pancreatic Cancer

ESMO 2019: High Conversion Rate With Certain Induction Chemotherapy Regimens Is Associated With Improved Overall Survival in Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

Induction chemotherapy with nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine or sequential FOLFIRINOX (fluorouracil, leucovorin, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan) followed by surgical exploration induced high conversion rates in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer, and conversion was associated with...

pancreatic cancer

Volker Kunzmann, MD, on Advanced Pancreatic Cancer: Findings on nab-Paclitaxel/Gemcitabine and FOLFIRINOX

Volker Kunzmann, MD, of the University of Würzburg/Comprehensive Cancer Center Mainfranken, discusses the final results of a phase II multicenter trial on the conversion rate in locally advanced pancreatic cancer after nab-paclitaxel/gemcitabine- or FOLFIRINOX-based induction chemotherapy (Abstract 671O).

Pancreatic Cancer

Sita Kugel, PhD, Receives Grant to Study Aggressive Type of Pancreatic Cancer

The deadly nature of most pancreatic tumors is well known, with less than 10% of patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma estimated to survive 5 years after diagnosis. Recent molecular analyses of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma have shown that a patient’s prognosis changes depending on the...

Pancreatic Cancer

ASTRO Guideline on Use of Radiation Therapy for Patients With Pancreatic Cancer

A new clinical guideline from the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) provides recommendations on the use of radiation therapy to treat patients diagnosed with pancreatic cancer, including when radiation treatments are appropriate, as well as the optimal dosing, timing, and...

Hepatobiliary Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer

Results From the TAPUR Study on Palbociclib for Pancreatic Cancer and Cholangiocarcinoma

New results from ASCO’s Targeted Agent and Profiling Utilization Registry (TAPUR) study have demonstrated that single-agent palbociclib has no meaningful clinical activity in patients with CDKN2A-mutated or -deleted advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma. These findings were...

Pancreatic Cancer

Role of the YAP Regulatory Network in Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma

Researchers have decoded a chain of molecules that are critical for the growth and survival of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. They say their findings, published by Murakami et al in Developmental Cell, suggest that inhibiting the YAP biologic network may effectively regress early-stage...

Pancreatic Cancer

USPSTF Recommendation on Screening for Pancreatic Cancer in Asymptomatic Adults

As reported in JAMA, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), in a reaffirmation of its 2004 recommendation, has recommended against screening for pancreatic cancer in asymptomatic adults (a grade D recommendation).1 In developing the current recommendation, the USPSTF reviewed evidence on ...

pancreatic cancer

Adavosertib Plus Gemcitabine and Radiotherapy in Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

In a phase I dose-escalation trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Cuneo et al established the phase II dose of the Wee1 kinase inhibitor adavosertib in combination with gemcitabine and radiotherapy in locally advanced pancreatic cancer. Wee1 inhibition impedes DNA damage response and ...

pancreatic cancer

Surgical Resection Among Patients Receiving Primary Chemotherapy for Borderline Resectable and Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

In an Italian prospective cohort study reported in JAMA Surgery, Maggino et al found that among patients receiving primary chemotherapy for newly diagnosed pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, conversion to surgical resection was achieved in 24% of those with borderline resectable disease and 9% of...

pancreatic cancer

Germline RABL3 Mutation May Increase Risk of Pancreatic Cancer Development

Scientists who studied a highly cancer-prone single family have identified a rare, inherited gene mutation that may raise the lifetime risk of pancreatic and other cancers. Their findings were published by Nissim et al in Nature Genetics. The discovery of the previously unknown mutation could lead ...

pancreatic cancer

USPSTF Recommendation on Screening for Pancreatic Cancer in Asymptomatic Adults

As reported in JAMA, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), in a reaffirmation of its 2004 recommendation, has recommended against screening for pancreatic cancer in asymptomatic adults (a grade D recommendation). In developing the current recommendation, the USPSTF reviewed...

pancreatic cancer
immunotherapy

Durvalumab With or Without Tremelimumab in Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

In the first stage of a phase II trial reported in JAMA Oncology, O’Reilly et al found poor activity of durvalumab with or without tremelimumab in metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Owing to the lack of efficacy, study expansion was not pursued.   The lead-in open-label safety ...

pancreatic cancer

Artificial Intelligence to Guide Management of Pancreatic Cysts

In a proof-of-concept study, an international scientific team has shown that a laboratory test using artificial intelligence tools has the potential to more accurately sort out which people with pancreatic cysts will eventually develop pancreatic cancers. Their findings were published by Springer...

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