Advertisement

Search Results

Advertisement



Your search for Charlotte Bath matches 823 pages

Showing 151 - 200


breast cancer

The Perplexing Increase in Bilateral Mastectomies

The increased rate of bilateral mastectomies, as shown in recently released data from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), is “perplexing,” Ismail Jatoi, MD, PhD, told The ASCO Post. “We are seeing more and more women with unilateral breast cancer opt for bilateral mastectomy,...

prostate cancer
supportive care

Severe Adverse Event Clusters Identified Using NCI Common Terminology Criteria in Advanced Prostate Cancer

Using the National Cancer Institute’s Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), researchers from Columbia University, New York, and Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, identified six severe adverse events clusters in patients with advanced prostate cancer. The...

supportive care

Family Perspectives Support Advance Care Planning With Patient Preferences in End-of-Life Care

Three measures of aggressive end-of-life care “were associated with relatively large differences in family member–reported quality ratings for end-of-life care and a lower likelihood that patients with advanced-stage cancer received care congruent with their preferences,”...

issues in oncology

Cultural Awareness and Sensitivity Among Surgeons Do Not Always Result in Culturally Competent Care

A survey of oncology surgeons from six hospitals in Washington State found that the surgeons in the sample “displayed and valued cultural awareness and sensitivity” but that “cultural awareness and sensitivity did not necessarily result in culturally competent behavior.” These findings highlight...

skin cancer

Melanoma-Specific Survival Significantly Higher With Wider Excision Margins

Among patients with high-risk, primary cutaneous melanomas, the risk of death from melanoma, at a median follow-up of 8.8 years, was significantly higher among those randomized to surgery with a 1-cm excision margin than among those randomized to surgery with a 3-cm excision margin. Although...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

Increasing the Dose of Obinutuzumab Monotherapy Raised the Response Rate

A randomized phase II study in symptomatic, untreated patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) found an increased overall response rate with obinutuzumab (Gazyva) at a 2,000 mg vs 1,000 dose. In addition, the “data demonstrate that obinutuzumab produces a higher response rate in...

Questions From Younger Patients About Colorectal Cancer Should Be Addressed Promptly

A study in Cancer1 finding an increasing rate of colorectal cancer among patients under the age of 50 should serve to raise awareness about the need for testing among those with “red-flag” symptoms and earlier screening for those at high risk, the study’s corresponding author, Samantha Hendren, MD, ...

gastrointestinal cancer

‘Red-Flag’ Symptoms That Could Signal Colorectal Cancer in Patients Under 50 Years Old Should Be Taken Seriously

In clinical practice, Samantha Hendren, MD, MPH, has been “shocked by what a large proportion of patients we are seeing who are under 50 and presenting with colorectal cancer,” often with advanced disease due to delayed diagnosis. “And that is because patients and physicians don’t even think of...

breast cancer

Geriatric Assessment Is Key to Treatment Decisions for Patients 80 Years and Older With Breast Cancer

A review of major studies and the current literature underscored the role of geriatric assessment in making treatment recommendations for patients aged 80 years and older with early and metastatic breast cancer. The review was reported by Shachar et al in the Journal of Oncology Practice. The...

skin cancer

Study Finds Most Patients With Melanoma Had Few Total Nevi and No Atypical Nevi

Although nevi are considered among the strongest risk factors for melanoma, most patients with melanoma had few total and no atypical nevi, according to a study of 566 patients with invasive cutaneous melanoma. “Three notable findings emerged from this case study,” Alan C. Geller, MPH, ...

issues in oncology

Quality Improvement Projects Aim at Reducing Errors in Prescribing IV and Oral Chemotherapy

Two quality improvement projects described in the Journal of Oncology Practice resulted in reduced errors in prescribing intravenous (IV) and oral chemotherapy. A project at the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston outpatient infusion centers first identified 15 different types of...

solid tumors

Increased Cancer Mortality Among Recipients of Solid-Organ Transplants

Solid-organ transplant recipients have a higher rate of cancer mortality than that expected in the general population, according to a Canadian study published in JAMA Oncology. Cancer mortality among transplant recipients “was significantly elevated compared with the Ontario population,” with a...

colorectal cancer

Patients Diagnosed With Stage I to III Rectal Cancer at Younger Age Have Increased Risk for Positive Lymph Nodes

Patients diagnosed with stage I to III rectal cancer at a younger age are at increased risk of having positive lymph nodes, according to an analysis of data published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. “This finding merits further investigation and may ultimately impact treatment...

Expect Questions About Updated Dietary Guidelines

The 2015–2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans1 have generated comments and controversy, with some organizations expressing concern that the guidelines did not recommend limiting the consumption of red and processed meat. These organizations include the American Institute for Cancer Research...

issues in oncology

Failure of Updated Dietary Guidelines to Advise Limiting Red and Processed Meat Deemed a ‘Missed Opportunity’

“A missed opportunity” is how Susan Higginbotham, PhD, RD, Vice President for Research, American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR), described the “failure” of updated dietary guidelines to recommend limiting consumption of red and processed meat. Doing so would have “the potential to save...

issues in oncology

Cultural Awareness and Sensitivity Among Oncology Surgeons Do Not Necessarily Result in Culturally Competent Care

A survey of oncology surgeons from six hospitals in Washington State found that the surgeons in the sample “displayed and valued cultural awareness and sensitivity” but that “cultural awareness and sensitivity did not necessarily result in culturally competent behavior.”...

solid tumors
issues in oncology

Serum Tumor Marker Testing Overused, Especially for Solid Tumors

A retrospective review to evaluate the frequency of serum tumor marker testing “found a high rate of serum tumor marker testing overuse and extreme overuse in patients with advanced solid tumors,” Melissa K. Accordino, MD, of Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New...

colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

Fecal Immunochemical Test Sensitive and Effective for Annual Colorectal Cancer Screening

Annual screening with the fecal immunochemical test is highly sensitive for detecting colorectal cancer and “is feasible and effective for population-level colorectal cancer screening,” according to a large-scale retrospective cohort study assessing the fecal immunochemical...

skin cancer

Melanoma-Specific Survival Significantly Higher With Wider Excision Margins

Among patients with high-risk, primary cutaneous melanomas, the risk of death from melanoma at a median follow-up of 8.8 years was significantly higher among those randomized to surgery with a 1-cm excision margin than among those randomized to surgery with a 3-cm excision margin. Although overall...

Expect Questions About Ovarian Cancer Screening

The authors of an ovarian cancer screening study published in The Lancet1 and many of the experts commenting on the study in the media agree that the results of multimodal screening are encouraging and could reduce mortality from ovarian cancer, but further follow-up is needed. Considering that the ...

Same Study, Different Interpretations

An article in The New York Times1 about an ovarian cancer screening study published in The Lancet2 is headlined, “Early Detection of Ovarian Cancer May Become Possible,” and leads with the promise of reduced mortality with multimodal screening for ovarian cancer. An article in MedPage Today3 about...

gynecologic cancers
issues in oncology

Could a Screening Test That Would Reduce Deaths From Ovarian Cancer Be on the Way?

"A solid triple but not a home run” is how Karen H. Lu, MD, characterized a study in The Lancet reporting a reduction in deaths from ovarian cancer with the use of multimodal ovarian cancer screening.1 Dr. Lu’s remark was one of several, mostly but not universally, favorable and optimistic comments ...

issues in oncology

Quality Improvement Projects Aim at Reducing Prescribing Errors for Chemotherapy

Two quality improvement projects described by Bryant-Bova in the Journal of Oncology Practiceresulted in reduced errors in prescribing intravenous and oral chemotherapy. A project at The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston outpatient infusion centers first identified 15 different types ...

colorectal cancer
hepatobiliary cancer
lung cancer
lymphoma

Increased Cancer Mortality Rate Among Recipients of Solid-Organ Transplants

Solid-organ transplant recipients have a higher rate of cancer mortality than what is expected in the general population, according to a Canadian study by Acuna et al published in JAMA Oncology. Cancer mortality among transplant recipients was significantly elevated compared with data for the...

leukemia

Increased Response Rate With Higher Dose of Obinutuzumab Monotherapy for Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

A randomized phase II study in symptomatic, untreated patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) found an increased overall response rate with obinutuzumab (Gazyva) at a dose of 2,000 mg vs 1,000. In addition, the “data demonstrate that obinutuzumab produces a higher response rate in...

colorectal cancer

Patients Diagnosed With Stage I to III Rectal Cancer at Younger Age May Have Increased Risk for Positive Lymph Nodes

Patients diagnosed with stage I to III rectal cancer at a younger age are at increased risk of having positive lymph nodes, according to an analysis of data published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. “This finding merits further investigation and may ultimately impact...

SIDEBAR: Expect Questions from Your Patients and Colleagues

Patients of the Women’s Cancer Center at Fox Chase Cancer Center in Philadelphia often ask about ovarian cancer risk, the center’s Director, Robert A. Burger, MD, told The ASCO Post. Moreover, the recent study showing that bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy reduced that risk generated discussion among ...

gynecologic cancers

Hormone Replacement and Ovarian Cancer: Competing Risks in Decisions about Bilateral Salpingo-oophorectomy

Recently reported findings that bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and hysterectomy decreased the risk of ovarian cancer compared to ovarian conservation and hysterectomy, without increasing cardiovascular, fracture, and other cancer risks, should “challenge” current thinking about bilateral...

SIDEBAR: 'It's Darwinian'

Depriving breast cancer cells of estrogen, whether by oophorectomy or treatment with tamoxifen or aromatase inhibitors, will induce “a crisis point, and about 80% of the cells will die off,” V. Craig Jordan, OBE, PhD, DSc, reported. After a while, “by chance, some of the cells that have the right...

SIDEBAR: Essence of Translational Research

I like to do research where there is a clear implication for human beings. In the clinical research I have been doing year after year, we have discovered things about human beings that can now be understood in the context of laboratory research that is being done. That’s the essence of...

breast cancer

‘Paradoxical’ Result Tying Estrogen to Reduced Risk of Breast Cancer Is Consistent with Laboratory Data

Results from the Women’s Health Initiative1 showing a decreased incidence of breast cancer among postmenopausal hysterectomized women who took estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) may seem paradoxical, but “comply exactly” with laboratory research, according to V. Craig Jordan, OBE, PhD, DSc,...

SIDEBAR: Expect Questions from Your Patients

The study of concurrent HPV and Pap testing for cervical cancer was widely reported even before the recent ASCO Annual Meeting. In an interview with The ASCO Post, Barnett Kramer, MD, was asked how physicians can respond to questions about the study from patients. “You can tell a woman over the...

gynecologic cancers

Cervical Cancer Screening Study Should Reassure Physicians and Patients that a 3-Year Screening Interval Is Safe and Effective

Results of a large-scale cervical cancer screening study using concurrent human papillomavirus (HPV) and Pap testing should “reassure” women over 30 who test negative for HPV and have normal Pap tests that “it is extremely safe to go 3 years” before being tested again, Barnett S. Kramer, MD, MPH,...

issues in oncology

Is Subspecialization an Option or a Necessity in Community Practices?

Should oncologists in community practices subspecialize? What would that mean for them and for their patients? These are some of the issues tackled in a Journal of Oncology Practice (JOP) Strategies for Career Success article entitled “Subspecialization in Community Oncology: Option or Necessity?”...

SIDEBAR: First International Conference on Integrative Care

Last March, nearly 250 oncology professionals and representatives of patient organizations, insurance companies, and government agencies from 12 countries attended the First International Conference on Integrative Care for the Future held in Amsterdam. Barrie R. Cassileth, PhD, chaired the event....

SIDEBAR: Making Evidence-based Integrative Medicine Part of Mainstream Cancer Care

During the 1960s and 1970s, the concept of a holistic approach to treating disease that took into account the body, mind, and spirit grew in patient popularity and morphed into two basic categories: alternative and complementary, which later became known by its acronym CAM (complementary and...

SIDEBAR: Timing of Prostate Cancer Drugs: Earlier But Not Too Early?

While sipuleucel-T, abiraterone, and cabazitaxel have been approved for patients with advanced disease, they might also be used in patients with earlier-stage disease, according to Christopher J. Logothetis, MD, of MD Anderson Cancer Center. “I think it is fair to say that they will be used better...

SIDEBAR: Expect Questions from Your Patients

Drugs for the treatment of prostate cancer have been in the news because of recent approvals by the FDA, the costs connected with their use, and associated improvements in survival.1 More recently reported was the decision to allow Medicare coverage of sipuleucel-T treatment for men who met the FDA ...

prostate cancer

Optimizing Treatment for Advanced Prostate Cancer Requires Shifting Focus from Individual Drugs to Integrated Therapies

Newer drugs, including sipuleucel-T (Provenge), cabazitaxel (Jevtana), and abiraterone (Zytiga), can extend survival modestly and ease symptoms for men with advanced prostate cancer. Maximizing the benefit to patients will require shifting the focus from developing individual drugs to developing...

lymphoma

Combined Therapy Produces Good Outcomes in Primary Testicular Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma

Final results of an international phase II trial of first-line treatment for primary testicular diffuse large B-cell lymphoma show that using a combined treatment strategy including chemotherapy and central nervous system and testicular prophlaxis “was associated with a good outcome.” The results...

SIDEBAR: Age at Diagnosis and Importance of Long-term Considerations

"Patients are willing to accept self-limited acute adverse effects associated with recovery” after brachytherapy and radical prostatectomy, according to the study authors. These effects “have been well documented for both modalities and are quite different. Late effects have been less well...

SIDEBAR: The Anonymity Advantage

This study has the advantage of not only being patient-reported but also of patient anonymity; the questionnaires were not administered or discussed with the patients by any of the treating physicians,” the study authors reported. “I know that patients often want to please their doctor. They don’t ...

prostate cancer

At 5 Years, Brachytherapy Shows Quality-of-life Advantages over Radical Prostatectomy for Favorable-risk Prostate Cancer

Five years after treatment for favorable-risk prostate cancer, men who either chose or were randomly assigned to receive brachytherapy reported quality-of-life advantages in urinary and sexual domains and in patient satisfaction compared to men who received radical prostatectomy, according to a...

SIDEBAR: Higher Postmastectomy Radiotherapy Rates at NCCN Institutions

While the investigators reported that overall only 54.8% of patients with high-risk breast cancer received postmastectomy radiation therapy, they also cited a report that 83.6% of high-risk patients treated at National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) institutions received such treatment....

SIDEBAR: Expect Questions from Your Patients

Women who have already undergone mastectomy and chemotherapy may question why additional breast cancer treatment is needed. Benjamin D. Smith, MD, of MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston said that he frequently has patients referred to him who initially express their preference to avoid radiation...

breast cancer

Many Women Treated for High-risk Breast Cancer Do Not Receive Recommended Postmastectomy Radiation Therapy

Despite major studies showing that postmastectomy radiation therapy improves survival for women with high-risk breast cancer and evidence-based guidelines supporting the use of postmastectomy radiotherapy, 45% of these patients do not receive such treatment, according to an analysis of data from...

SIDEBAR: ASCO’s Role Recognized

One point that Paul H. Sugarbaker, MD, and David P. Ryan, MD, agreed on was that ASCO has done a service to the oncology community by presenting their debate about cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy. That debate, conducted at the 2011 ASCO Annual Meeting, sparked...

SIDEBAR: Expect Questions from Patients and Colleagues

Among the merits of good clinical studies, according to David P. Ryan, MD, of Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center and Harvard Medical School, is being able to cite them when a physician sits down with a patient to explain the possible benefits and drawbacks of treatment. Dr. Ryan stressed, ...

colorectal cancer

‘Hot Chemotherapy’ Generates Heated Debate about Its Use with Cytoreductive Surgery to Manage Peritoneal Metastases

"Hot chemotherapy” has become the common term for hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC), which together with cytoreductive surgery is being used by some surgeons to treat patients with carcinomatosis from colorectal cancer. While HIPEC is not considered the most important component of...

SIDEBAR: Expect More Answers in the Future

“We are still following patients from the initial cohort,” reported Martin G. Sanda, MD, principal investigator of the study published in JAMA, “Prediction of Erectile Function Following Treatment for Prostate Cancer.” At a median follow-up now of about 6 years, “there is evidence that there might...

Advertisement

Advertisement



Advertisement