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Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Addition of First-Line Atezolizumab to Vemurafenib and Cobimetinib in Patients With Unresectable Advanced BRAF V600–Mutant Melanoma

As reported in The Lancet by Gutzmer et al, the phase III IMspire150 trial has shown that the addition of atezolizumab to BRAF and MEK inhibitor therapy with vemurafenib and cobimetinib improved progression-free survival in first-line treatment of patients with unresectable BRAF V600–mutant...

Skin Cancer

Novel Risk Calculator for Sentinel Node Positivity in Patients With Melanoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Lo et al developed a novel risk calculator for sentinel node metastasis—the Melanoma Institute Australia Nomogram—that appears to more accurately predict risk of metastasis in patients with primary cutaneous melanoma than other commonly used risk...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Pembrolizumab for Recurrent or Metastatic Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma

On June 24, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pembrolizumab (Keytruda) for patients with recurrent or metastatic cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma that is not curable with surgery or radiation. KEYNOTE-629 Efficacy was investigated in KEYNOTE-629, a multicenter, multicohort,...

Skin Cancer

Prognosis of Patients With Stage III Melanoma According to AJCCv8 vs Independent Cohorts

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Garbe et al found that melanoma-specific survival rates for patients with stage III disease differed markedly in three independent cohorts compared with those reported in American Joint Committee on Cancer version 8 (AJCCv8) stage III...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Douglas B. Johnson, MD, on Melanoma: Clinical Trials Update on PD-1 and CTLA-4 Blockade

Douglas B. Johnson, MD, of Vanderbilt University Medical Center, discusses three important melanoma abstracts: the need for more than two doses of nivolumab plus ipilimumab in combination immunotherapy; antitumor activity for low-dose ipilimumab with pembrolizumab after disease progression on PD-1 antibodies; and ipilimumab alone or in combination with anti–PD-1 therapy for metastatic disease resistant to PD-1 monotherapy (Abstracts 10003, 10004, and 10005).

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Siwen Hu-Lieskovan, MD, PhD

Formal discussant of KEYNOTE-555, Siwen Hu-Lieskovan, MD, PhD, of Huntsman Cancer Institute, Salt Lake City, commented on the advantages of the new schedule. “Along with the promise of prolonged survival associated with checkpoint inhibitors, convenience, quality of life, and reducing health-care...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

KEYNOTE-555 Supports 6-Week Pembrolizumab Dosing Schedule in Melanoma

A less-frequent, more-convenient dosing schedule for pembrolizumab (400 mg every 6 weeks) was deemed safe and effective in patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma, according to interim data from cohort B enrolled in the KEYNOTE-555 trial. These findings were presented at the 2020 Virtual...

Skin Cancer

Andrew E. Aplin, PhD, Receives Humanitarian Award From the Melanoma Research Foundation

The Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center—Jefferson Health (SKCC) recently announced that Andrew E. Aplin, PhD, was being recognized with the Melanoma Research Foundation Humanitarian Award. Dr. Aplin is the Kalbach-Newton Professor in Cancer Research, Enterprise Associate Director for Basic Research, and...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Adjuvant Nivolumab/Ipilimumab or Nivolumab Alone vs Placebo in Patients With Resected Stage IV Melanoma

In an interim analysis of the German phase II IMMUNED study reported in The Lancet, Zimmer et al found that adjuvant therapy with nivolumab/ipilimumab or nivolumab alone significantly prolonged recurrence-free survival vs placebo in patients with resected stage IV melanoma and no evidence of...

Immunotherapy
Skin Cancer

Internationally Regarded Cancer Immunologist Did Not Stray Far From Home

Internationally recognized immune-oncology melanoma expert Jedd D. Wolchok, MD, PhD, FASCO, was born and reared in Staten Island, not far from where he would shape his noted career at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK) in New York, New York. “I went to Princeton University and, during my ...

Skin Cancer

Antihistamines May Improve Survival Among Patients With Malignant Melanoma

In a research letter published by Fritz et al in the journal Allergy, researchers reported that the common allergy medications desloratadine and loratadine may be associated with improved survival in patients with malignant melanoma. “Previous studies have shown that the same antihistamines have...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Combining Pembrolizumab With IL-12 Electroporation May Improve Clinical Response in Patients With Immunologically 'Cold' Melanoma

Patients with non–immune-infiltrated “cold” tumors have low frequencies of intratumoral tumor-reactive, checkpoint-positive cytotoxic lymphocytes, making them less responsive to checkpoint blockage than patients with immune-infiltrated “hot” tumors. A phase II study by Alain P. Algazi, MD, and...

Skin Cancer

Expert Point of View: Charles L. Sawyers, MD

Charles L. Sawyers, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, commented on the SWOG S1320 study presented at the 2020 American Association for Cancer Research Virtual Annual Meeting. “Intermittent therapy is standard with chemotherapy due to toxicity, but targeted therapies...

Skin Cancer

AACR 2020: Continuous Dosing of Dabrafenib Plus Trametinib Improves Progression-Free Survival vs Intermittent Dosing in Advanced Melanoma

Continuous dosing with dabrafenib and trametinib improved progression-free survival in patients with BRAF-mutated advanced melanoma compared with an intermittent-dosing strategy, according to results of the phase II SWOG S1320 randomized trial reported at the opening Plenary Session of the 2020...

Sarcoma
Skin Cancer
CNS Cancers

Early Signs of Activity With Immunotherapies in Low-Incidence Cancers

Immunotherapy is showing promise for patients with rare cancers, offering new treatment opportunities and clinical trials to those with previously limited options. At the 2020 ASCO-SITC Clinical Immuno-Oncology Symposium, presenters discussed the use of immunotherapy in three low-incidence cancers: ...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Omid Hamid, MD

Omid Hamid, MD, Chief of Research/Immuno-Oncology, The Angeles Clinic & Research Institute, and Co-Director of the Cutaneous Malignancy Program at Cedars-Sinai Cancer Center, Los Angeles, commented on these two studies for The ASCO Post. According to Dr. Hamid, the findings for the tumor...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Novel Treatment Strategies Under Study in Advanced Melanoma

Several novel strategies for the treatment of patients with stage III or IV melanoma showed promise in studies presented at the 2020 ASCO-SITC Clinical Immuno-Oncology Symposium.1,2 Vaccine for High-Risk Patients After Resection A tumor lysate, particle-loaded, dendritic cell (TLPLDC) vaccine was...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

New Guideline on Systemic Therapy for Melanoma Tackles Rapid Developments in Treatment Options

Systemic treatment of melanoma has changed rapidly since the introduction of ipilimumab in 2011. Newer therapies approved for melanoma since that time include immunotherapy, targeted therapy for mutation-bearing tumors, and injectional therapy for cutaneous or palpable lesions. ASCO has released...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Grant A. McArthur, MBBS, PhD, on Melanoma: IMspire150 Trial of Atezolizumab, Cobimetinib, and Vemurafenib

Grant A. McArthur, MBBS, PhD, of the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, discusses phase III results from a study of previously untreated patients with BRAF V600 mutation–positive advanced melanoma. His team evaluated whether combining vemurafenib and cobimetinib with atezolizumab improved the durability of responses compared with targeted therapies plus placebo (Abstract CT012).

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Charles Sawyers, MD

“The hypothesis of combining kinase inhibitors with checkpoint inhibitors could be a fantastic idea,” said formal study discussant Charles Sawyers, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York. “This trial [IMspire150] is positive, and that is great news. Triple therapy is superior to...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

AACR 2020: Triplet Regimen Improves Progression-Free Survival in Advanced Melanoma in IMspire150 Trial

The addition of the checkpoint inhibitor atezolizumab to two targeted therapies (the BRAF inhibitor vemurafenib and the MEK inhibitor cobimetinib) as initial therapy improved outcomes compared with the two targeted therapies plus placebo in patients with newly diagnosed BRAF V600E/K–mutant advanced ...

Immunotherapy
Skin Cancer

Neoadjuvant Nivolumab for Resectable Merkel Cell Carcinoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Suzanne L. Topalian, MD, and colleagues, neoadjuvant treatment with nivolumab was found to produce pathologic complete response in approximately half of patients with resectable Merkel cell carcinoma enrolled in the phase I/II CheckMate 358 trial....

Skin Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Are There Racial Differences in Time to Treatment for Melanoma?

Black patients with stage I to III melanoma are likely to experience a longer delay from diagnosis to surgery than non-Hispanic white patients, according to a study published by Tripathi et al in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. “We already knew that black patients with melanoma...

Skin Cancer

AACR 2020: Continuous vs Intermittent Dabrafenib/Trametinib Dosing in Patients With BRAF-Mutated Melanoma

A randomized clinical trial offers evidence that a combination of two targeted melanoma drugs, when given continuously, improves progression-free survival when compared with intermittent treatment, according to study results presented by Algazi et al at the American Association for Cancer Research...

covid-19
global cancer care
skin cancer

Paolo A. Ascierto, MD, on Cancer Treatment During the COVID-19 Pandemic: The View From Southern Italy

Paolo A. Ascierto, MD, of the Istituto Nazionale Tumori in Naples, Italy, talks about minimizing risks for patients with cancer, prioritizing surgery and other treatments for melanoma, and the state of clinical trials. Filmed April 17, 2020.

Immunotherapy
Breast Cancer
Skin Cancer
Lung Cancer

What’s the Current Status of Neoadjuvant Immunotherapy?

For several tumor types, can the successes achieved with immunotherapy in the metastatic and adjuvant settings be replicated in the neoadjuvant setting? An explosion in clinical trials—with more than 300 listed on ClinicalTrials.gov—point to “yes.” “The neoadjuvant use of immunotherapy is of great ...

Skin Cancer

Differences in Melanoma Incidence in Men vs Women by Age and Anatomic Site

In a study published by Olsen et al in JAMA Dermatology, researchers found that in predominantly fair-skinned populations, melanoma incidence differed by age and anatomic site in men and women. Methods A cross-sectional analysis of sex- and site-specific trends was performed for white patients...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Jarushka Naidoo, MBBCh

Discussant of the abstract on antibiotic exposure, Jarushka Naidoo, MBBCh, Assistant Professor of Oncology and Attending Physician at the Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins University, said that Mr. Chu and colleagues have added to the recent literature examining concurrent use of...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Prior Antibiotic Use Linked to Poorer Survival in Patients With Advanced Melanoma Receiving Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors

Treatment with antibiotics prior to immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy may confer poorer overall survival and an increased risk of colitis in patients with advanced melanoma, according to data presented at the 2020 ASCO-SITC Clinical Immuno-Oncology Symposium.1 The largest institutional...

Skin Cancer

Clinical and Dermoscopic Features of Uncommon Melanoma Variants: Systematic Review

In a literature review published by Pampena et al in JAMA Dermatology, researchers provided detailed and extensive information about the features of several different kinds of rare cutaneous melanomas. According to the researchers, the analysis was performed to “…provide a comprehensive overview of ...

Skin Cancer

Trends in Deaths From Cutaneous Melanoma in the United States

Recent treatment advances in metastatic melanoma resulted in reductions in population-level mortality from the disease, according to a study published by Polsky et al in the American Journal of Public Health. Methods Researchers analyzed new cases and deaths from melanoma from nine U.S....

Skin Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Are Those Who Have Lost a Partner at a Higher Risk of Dying of Melanoma?

Individuals who experience the loss of a partner are less likely to be diagnosed with melanoma—but face an increased risk of dying from the disease, according to research published by Wong et al in the British Journal of Dermatology. While previous studies have suggested a link between various...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Long-Term Outcomes With PD-1 Inhibitor Treatment and Response to Retreatment in Advanced Melanoma

In a single-center study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Allison Betof Warner, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that approximately three-quarters of patients with advanced melanoma achieving a complete response on programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) inhibitor therapy were alive...

Skin Cancer

States With Highest Rates of Cutaneous Melanoma Due to Ultraviolet Exposure

A new study found a wide state-by-state variation in rates of melanoma caused by ultraviolet (UV) exposure, with highest rates in several states on the east and west coasts (including Hawaii), but also a few landlocked states (including Utah, Vermont, and Minnesota). The report, published by Islami ...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

John N. Lukens, MD, on Advanced Melanoma: Antibiotics, Survival, and Colitis in Patients Receiving Immunotherapy

John N. Lukens, MD, of the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, discusses his finding that taking antibiotics within 3 months of starting treatment with immune checkpoint inhibitors may lead to inferior overall survival in patients with stage III or IV melanoma. The antibiotics were also linked to a higher incidence of severe immune-mediated colitis (Abstract 56).

immunotherapy
symptom management
skin cancer

Kevin Tyan on Colitis Induced by Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors: Potential Preventive Strategy

Kevin Tyan, of Kinnos, and currently a medical school student at Harvard University, discusses his study findings, which showed that patients with melanoma who are treated with immunotherapy had a significantly lower risk of developing colitis if they also took vitamin D ( Abstract 89).

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Philippa G. Corrie, PhD, on Patient Outcomes in Melanoma After Immune Checkpoint Inhibition

Philippa G. Corrie, PhD, of Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, discusses a review of 2,322 patients with metastatic melanoma receiving first-line immune checkpoint inhibitors as standard of care in England between 2014 and 2018 (Abstract 55).

skin cancer
breast cancer
lung cancer

Elizabeth A. Mittendorf, MD, PhD, on Mobilizing the Immune System to Treat Select Solid Tumors

Elizabeth A. Mittendorf, MD, PhD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Brigham and Women’s Hospital, summarizes a session she co-chaired on utilizing the immune system in neoadjuvant trials to treat melanoma, breast, and lung cancers.

Skin Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Do Gay and Bisexual Men Have an Increased Risk of Developing Skin Cancer?

In the largest study to date of skin cancer rates among individuals who identify as gay, lesbian, or bisexual, investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital reported important differences in skin cancer prevalence among sexual minorities. Rates of skin cancer were higher among gay and bisexual...

Skin Cancer

Biomarker Analysis in the COMBI-AD Trial of Adjuvant Dabrafenib Plus Trametinib in BRAF V600–Mutant Stage III Melanoma

In an exploratory biomarker analysis from the COMBI-AD trial, reported in The Lancet Oncology, Dummer et al found that tumor mutational burden (TMB) and interferon-gamma gene-signature profiles might be associated with an augmented benefit of adjuvant dabrafenib plus trametinib in resected BRAF...

Skin Cancer

Circulating Tumor Cell Assessment to Predict Melanoma Relapse

A study published by Anthony Lucci, MD, and colleagues in Clinical Cancer Research showed that the presence of circulating tumor cells was independently associated with relapse of melanoma, suggesting circulating tumor cell assessment may be a useful tool for identifying patients at risk for...

Skin Cancer

Risk of CNS Metastasis in Patients With AJCC 8th Edition Stage III Melanoma

A study using data from two major melanoma centers in the United States and Australia, reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Haydu et al, has shown a 5-year cumulative incidence of central nervous system (CNS) metastasis of 15.8% among patients with American Joint Committee on Cancer...

Issues in Oncology
Skin Cancer

Obstacles to Early Detection of Skin Cancer in Patients Living in Rural Western States

Residents of rural, sparsely populated “frontier counties” in the western United States have a higher incidence of skin cancer and related mortality rates. New research published by Jensen et al in Psychology, Health & Medicine indicated that the biggest obstacle to early detection and...

Skin Cancer

Cemiplimab in Locally Advanced Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Migden et al, a phase II trial has shown activity of cemiplimab in patients with locally advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma. The trial supported the September 2018 U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval of cemiplimab in this setting. In this report, ...

Skin Cancer

Using T-Cell Fraction to Predict Melanoma Recurrence

In a paper published by Pruessmann et al in Nature Cancer, investigators presented a new, quantitative technique that leverages DNA sequencing to make more sophisticated and accurate predictions about which primary melanomas are likely to recur and spread. "As recently as 10 years ago, the outlook...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Immune-Related Adverse Events and Recurrence-Free Survival With Adjuvant Immunotherapy vs Placebo in Stage III Melanoma

In an analysis of the EORTC 1325/KEYNOTE-054 trial of adjuvant pembrolizumab vs placebo in stage III melanoma reported in JAMA Oncology, Alexander M.M. Eggermont, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that patients treated with pembrolizumab who experienced immune-related adverse events had improved...

Immunotherapy
Skin Cancer
Sarcoma
Kidney Cancer

Three Studies Examine Relationship Between B-Cell Enrichment and Response to Immunotherapy

The likelihood of a patient responding to immune checkpoint blockade may depend on B cells in the tumor, located within specialized immune-cell clusters known as tertiary lymphoid structures, according to three studies all recently published in Nature. The studies showed that enrichment of B cells...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Different Doses of Adjuvant Ipilimumab vs High-Dose Interferon Alfa-2b in Patients With Resected High-Risk Melanoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Tarhini et al, the phase III Intergroup E1609 trial has shown an overall survival advantage with adjuvant ipilimumab at 3 mg/kg—but not at 10 mg/kg—vs high-dose interferon alfa-2b in patients with resected high-risk cutaneous melanoma. The...

Skin Cancer

Molecular Characteristics of Leptomeningeal Melanoma Metastases

Patients with advanced melanoma who develop metastases in the leptomeninges usually have a poor prognosis—most patients only survive for 8 to 10 weeks after diagnosis. One reason for this poor prognosis is that very little is known about the molecular development of leptomeningeal melanoma...

Skin Cancer

Does Weight-Loss Surgery Lower the Risk of Malignant Melanoma?

Bariatric surgery is associated with a distinct reduction in skin cancer risk, according to findings published by Taube et al in JAMA Dermatology. This finding further substantiates the connection between weight loss and malignant skin cancer. “This [study] provides further evidence for a...

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