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issues in oncology

Patients May Experience Increased Infections Preceding a Cancer Diagnosis

Patients may experience a greater occurrence of infections in the years preceding a cancer diagnosis, according to results from a study published by Inaida et al in Cancer Immunology Research. “Cancer can develop in an inflammatory environment caused by infections, immunity disruption, exposure to...

covid-19

Survey Shows COVID-19 Pandemic Is Affecting Patients’ Access to Cancer Care

Patients with cancer and those who have recently completed treatment are finding it challenging to get necessary health care in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, and many are experiencing financial stress trying to afford care in an increasingly difficult economic environment. Delays in Care...

global cancer care
covid-19

Giorgio V. Scagliotti, MD, PhD, on the Oncoming Waves of COVID-19: Italy’s Experience

Giorgio V. Scagliotti, MD, PhD, of the University of Turin, talks about the progression of COVID-19 through his community and how, in nursing homes, lack of experience dealing with a pandemic is fueling a third wave of the virus in Italy. Filmed April 15, 2020.

breast cancer

Quantitative Microelastography for Tumor Detection in Breast-Conserving Surgical Margins

A high-resolution, three-dimensional imaging technique, when combined with quantitative measurement of tissue elasticity, could accurately detect cancer within the resected margins of surgical specimens taken from patients undergoing breast-conserving surgery, according to a study published by...

prostate cancer

PSA Dynamics and Response to Androgen-Deprivation Therapy

Adaptive treatments based on evolutionary principles may be an effective approach to prostate cancer treatment by preventing the development of drug resistance and prolonging patient survival. In an article in Nature Communications, Brady-Nicholls et al provided a closer look at a model and data...

hepatobiliary cancer

FDA Approves Pemigatinib for Patients With Cholangiocarcinoma and an FGFR2 Rearrangement or Fusion

On April 17, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to pemigatinib (Pemazyre) for the treatment of adult patients with previously treated, unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic cholangiocarcinoma with a fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) fusion or...

covid-19
global cancer care

Giorgio V. Scagliotti, MD, PhD, on the Ongoing Battle Against COVID-19: Update From Italy

Giorgio V. Scagliotti, MD, PhD, of the University of Turin, talks about the ways in which coronavirus reshaped Italian hospitals, mistakes made, and lessons learned. Filmed April 15, 2020.

breast cancer

FDA Approves Tucatinib in Combination With Trastuzumab/Capecitabine for Advanced Unresectable or Metastatic HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

On April 17, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted approval to tucatinib (Tukysa) in combination with trastuzumab/capecitabine for adult patients with advanced unresectable or metastatic HER2-positive breast cancer, including patients with brain metastases, who have received one or...

covid-19
global cancer care

Eduardo L. Cazap, MD, PhD, on COVID-19: The View From South America

Eduardo L. Cazap, MD, PhD, of the Sociedad Latinoamericana y del Caribe de Oncología Médica, and an international editor on The ASCO Post Editorial Board, talks about the situation in Argentina treating patients with COVID-19, and the 10-country research effort led by the World Health Organization...

covid-19

Derek Raghavan, MD, PhD, on COVID-19 and Cancer Care: The View From North Carolina

Derek Raghavan, MD, PhD, of the Levine Cancer Institute in Charlotte, and a member of The ASCO Post Editorial Board, discusses the ways in which COVID-19 has affected oncology care in his community, and some practical tips that may help fellow providers. Filmed April 9, 2020.

covid-19

FDA Encourages Plasma Donation From Patients Who Have Recovered From COVID-19, Collaborates to Produce Supplies for Testing

This week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a statement encouraging patients who have fully recovered from COVID-19 for at least 2 weeks to donate plasma, in order to ramp up supply of convalescent plasma for treatment of infected individuals. The agency also announced that spun...

breast cancer
covid-19

Multidisciplinary Recommendations for Breast Cancer Care During the COVID-19 Pandemic

The American Society of Breast Surgeons (ASBrS), the National Accreditation Program for Breast Centers (NAPBC), the National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®), the Commission on Cancer (CoC) of the American College of Surgeons, and the American College of Radiology (ACR) have released new joint ...

colorectal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer
hepatobiliary cancer
pancreatic cancer

Aspirin Use and Risk of Cancers of the Digestive Tract

Aspirin may be associated with a reduction in the risk of developing several cancers of the digestive tract. The largest and most comprehensive analysis to date of the link between aspirin and digestive tract cancers, published by Bosetti et al in Annals of Oncology, found reductions in the risk of ...

bladder cancer

FDA Approves Mitomycin Gel for Low-Grade Upper Tract Urothelial Cancer

On April 15, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved mitomycin (Jelmyto) for adult patients with low-grade upper tract urothelial cancer. OLYMPUS Trial Efficacy determination was based on OLYMPUS, an ongoing, single-arm, multicenter trial enrolling 71 patients with treatment-naive or...

pain management

Joint Publication Focuses on Clinical Practice Guidelines on Opioid Use for Pain Management

A recently published article by Schatz et al offers new clarity around the use of prescription opioids in pain management for people with a diagnosis or history of cancer and chronic pain. The joint publication, which appeared in both JNCCN—Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network and...

lung cancer

Apar Kishor Ganti, MD, on NSCLC: Real-World Adherence and Persistence of ALK Inhibitors

Apar Kishor Ganti, MD, of the University of Nebraska Medical Center, discusses his study findings, which show that alectinib was associated with longer treatment persistence and comparable adherence to other ALK inhibitors (Abstract HSR20-084).

issues in oncology
symptom management

Karen Wonders, PhD, on Benefits of Exercise During Cancer Treatment

Karen Wonders, PhD, of Wright State University, discusses the safety and efficacy of exercise during cancer treatment in minimizing toxicities and addressing the short- and long-term effects of cancer therapy. Dr. Wonders suggests that exercise becomes a standard of care for patients with cancer...

colorectal cancer
immunotherapy

Neoadjuvant Immunotherapy in Early-Stage Colon Cancer

Patients with localized colon cancer may benefit from a short course of neoadjuvant immunotherapy, according to findings from the exploratory phase II NICHE study published by Myriam Chalabi, MD, and colleagues in Nature Medicine.  Study Results Forty patients with two colon cancer subtypes—either ...

covid-19

ASCO Releases New Guidance on Allocation of Limited Resources in the Oncology Community During COVID-19 Pandemic

ASCO has released a set of recommendations to support the oncology community as health-care institutions across the United States face potentially difficult decisions around the allocation of scarce health-care resources during the COVID-19 pandemic. In some geographic areas, the ongoing crisis is...

breast cancer

William J. Gradishar, MD, on Innovating Pathways for Patient Self-Management in Breast Cancer

William J. Gradishar, MD, of Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University, discusses the “4R Model” (Right Information, Care, Patient, and Time) which has proved to be a promising method for patient self-management. Patient care sequence plans markedly improved several...

breast cancer

Elizabeth Reed, MD, on Helping Providers in Rural Areas Meet the Needs of Younger Patients With Breast Cancer

Elizabeth Reed, MD, of the University of Nebraska Medical Center Fred & Pamela Buffett Cancer Center, talks about how she and her team sought to help rural oncology providers recognize and address the physical, psychosocial, and decision-making needs of young women with breast cancer by...

immunotherapy
solid tumors
lung cancer
bladder cancer
gynecologic cancers
cns cancers

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews for Immunotherapy Based on Biomarker Status, Combination First-Line Therapy in Lung Cancer

Over the past week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to an immunotherapeutic agent for solid tumors with a high tumor mutational burden and to a combination treatment for the first-line treatment of metastatic or recurrent non–small cell lung cancer. The agency...

covid-19

ASCO’s New COVID-19 Cancer Registry Aims to Understand Impact on Patients During Pandemic, Inform Future Care

On April 10, ASCO launched the ASCO Survey on COVID-19 in Oncology Registry (ASCO Registry) to help the entire cancer community learn about the pattern of symptoms and severity of COVID-19 among patients with cancer, as well as how COVID-19 infections impact the delivery of cancer care and patient...

covid-19

NCCN Issues Guidance on Improving COVID-19 Safety for Patients and Health-Care Providers

The National Comprehensive Cancer Network’s® (NCCN®) Best Practices Committee has published a preprint article in JNCCN—Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network detailing their recommendations for keeping patients with cancer, as well as their caregivers and health-care staff, as safe...

solid tumors

FDA Approves Selumetinib for Pediatric Patients With NF1 and Symptomatic Inoperable Plexiform Neurofibromas

On April 10, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved selumetinib (Koselugo) for pediatric patients aged 2 years and older with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) who have symptomatic inoperable plexiform neurofibromas. Selumetinib, a kinase inhibitor, is the first therapy approved for...

pancreatic cancer

Living A Full Life After Pancreatic Cancer

I have been a radiologic technologist for 47 years, so after going to the bathroom one Sunday morning in October 2018 and finding my urine had suddenly turned dark, I knew something was wrong. I wasn’t in any pain and did not have a urinary tract infection, which would explain the discoloration of...

City of Hope Deploys Platform, Makes Study Data Accessible

A $12 million federal grant enabled City of Hope and collaborators to deploy a novel cloud-computing platform, making an immense amount of data from a historic 25-year study more accessible and user-friendly. The ongoing California Teachers Study, which began in 1995, has already given researchers...

A Hallmark Moment

The ASCO Post is pleased to reproduce installments of the Art of Oncology as published previously in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. These articles focus on the experience of suffering from cancer or of caring for people diagnosed with cancer, and they include narratives, topical essays,...

issues in oncology

Using Respectful Language to Reduce Unconscious Bias in Oncology Care

An abstract presented at the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting titled “Evaluating Unconscious Bias During Speaker Introductions at an International Oncology Conference,” by Narjust Duma, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine and Thoracic Oncologist at the University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center in...

hematologic malignancies
immunotherapy

Highlights From Transplantation and Cellular Therapy Meetings of ASTCT and CIBMTR

The Combined Annual Meetings of the American Society for Transplantation and Cellular Therapy (ASTCT) and the Center for International Blood & Marrow Transplant Research (CIBMTR) were held in Orlando, Florida, from February 19–23, 2020. The scientific program addressed the most timely issues in ...

Donald Sullivan, MD, Receives ATS Foundation Research Program/American Lung Association Partner Grant

The ATS Foundation Research Program and the American Lung Association have awarded Donald Sullivan, MD, of Oregon Health & Science University, a $100,000 Foundation Partner grant. The grant will help support Dr. Sullivan’s research project, which he said will “answer important knowledge gaps...

Philadelphia T-Cell Lymphoma/Leukemia Initiative to Be Launched

The Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center–Jefferson Health (SKCC) will establish the Philadelphia T-Cell Lymphoma/Leukemia Initiative to map and address knowledge gaps related to T-cell lymphoma and leukemia (TCLL), unmet patient needs, and barriers to progress in the existing TCLL care model. Pierluigi...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Updates From Selected Clinical Trials in Breast Cancer

Each year, The ASCO Post asks Jame Abraham, MD, FACP, Chairman of the Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology at Taussig Cancer Institute and Professor of Medicine at the Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine, to offer his picks for the most important research presented at 2019 San...

MSK and City College of New York Researchers Awarded $15 Million Grant From NCI

Francesca Gany, MD, MS, Chief of the Immigrant Health and Cancer Disparities Service, and Tim Ahles, PhD, Director of the Neurocognitive Research Laboratory, both of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK), along with Gilda Barabino, PhD, and Karen Hubbard, PhD, of the City College of New York ...

breast cancer

Inspired by Her Physician Father, Reshma Jagsi, MD, DPhil, Tirelessly Advocates for Women’s Health and Careers in Medicine

Physician-scientist, Reshma Jagsi, MD, DPhil, was encouraged by her parents to become a politically active, socially conscious citizen of the world. “As a young woman, my mother traveled from Africa on a scholarship to the United States, where she attended the University of Wisconsin. It was in the ...

ASCO Board Concludes Annual Meeting Cannot Occur in Person

On March 24, 2020, ASCO issued the following statement: ASCO’s primary concern is the health and safety of the global oncology community and the patients we serve. As public health safety measures related to COVID-19 extend, the ASCO Board has concluded that the Annual Meeting, scheduled for May 29 ...

Abstracts From the NCCN 2020 Annual Conference Now Available

Abstracts from posters that would have been presented at the National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) 2020 Annual Conference are now available online. Although NCCN officials were compelled to postpone the conference in response to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, in order to ...

covid-19

Nancy E. Davidson, MD, on COVID-19 and Cancer Care: Thoughts From the Seattle Epicenter

Nancy E. Davidson, MD, of the Seattle Cancer Care Alliance, and a member of The ASCO Post Editorial Board, talks about her experiences in one of the communities hardest hit by coronavirus and offers some practical advice on making changes in treatment and research. Recorded April 7, 2020.

prostate cancer
immunotherapy

T-Cell Responses and Benefit From Treatment With Ipilimumab in Patients With Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Although patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer typically have limited responses to immunotherapy, a subset of patients with pretreatment evidence of active T-cell responses in their tumors experienced prolonged survival following treatment with ipilimumab in a phase II...

leukemia

New Prognostic Score for Asymptomatic Patients With Early-Stage CLL

A new prognostic tool may help to predict time to first treatment for patients with early-stage, asymptomatic chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Researchers described what they hope will become a point-of-care resource to help improve clinical decision-making in a study published by Rossi et al in ...

colorectal cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Approves Encorafenib/Cetuximab for BRAF V600E–Mutated Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

On April 8, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved encorafenib (Braftovi) in combination with cetuximab (Erbitux) for the treatment of pretreated adult patients with metastatic colorectal cancer with a BRAF V600E mutation detected by an FDA-approved test. BEACON CRC Efficacy was...

hematologic malignancies
covid-19

William A. Wood, MD, MPH, on the New ASH Research Collaborative Data Hub COVID-19 Registry for Hematologic Malignancy

William A. Wood, MD, MPH, of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and Oversight Group Chair for the new COVID-19 registry, talks about why it was formed, how it can help patients and providers, and how it operates and could evolve in the future. Filmed April 3, 2020.

prostate cancer
bladder cancer
kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Brief Highlights on Novel Therapies for Prostate, Bladder, and Kidney Cancers

Attendees gathered at the 2020 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium in San Francisco to hear the latest news about treating patients with cancers of the prostate, bladder, kidneys, and testicles. In addition to the comprehensive coverage of the meeting in The ASCO Post, here are some brief highlights...

issues in oncology
global cancer care

Pediatric Cancer Investment Needs and Benefits: Findings From a Commission Created by The Lancet Oncology

Improving care for children with cancer worldwide could bring a triple return on investment and prevent millions of deaths, according to a new Commission report published by Atun et al in The Lancet Oncology. Without additional investment in childhood cancer care, new estimates produced for the...

multiple myeloma
covid-19

Case Study: Patient With Multiple Myeloma Treated for COVID-19 With Tocilizumab

A case study of one patient with multiple myeloma diagnosed with COVID-19 in Wuhan, China, published by Zhang et al in Blood Advances examined the efficacy of the immunosuppressant tocilizumab as a treatment for this particular patient. The report also suggested that patients with hematologic...

covid-19

$20 Million in Grants Awarded to Identify Therapies for COVID-19

The partners in the COVID-19 Therapeutics Accelerator—a large-scale initiative launched by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Wellcome, and Mastercard—awarded $20 million in initial grants to three institutions. The University of Washington, the University of Oxford, and La Jolla Institute...

immunotherapy
symptom management

Treatment With Checkpoint Inhibitors May Cause Thyroid Dysfunction

Thyroid dysfunction following treatment with immune checkpoint inhibitors is more common than previously thought, according to research that was accepted for presentation at ENDO 2020, the Endocrine Society’s annual meeting (Abstract SAT-418), and that will be published in Journal of the Endocrine...

multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

Daratumumab for Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma: Subcutaneous vs Intravenous Dosing

Findings from the phase III COLUMBA trial have shown that subcutaneous daratumumab is not inferior to intravenous daratumumab in terms of efficacy and pharmacokinetics and had an improved safety profile in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma. These results were published by...

genomics/genetics
solid tumors
hematologic malignancies

Methylation Signatures From Sequencing Circulating Cell-Free DNA Detected Different Types of Cancer Across Multiple Stages

Researchers have developed the first blood test that can accurately detect more than 50 types of cancer and identify in which tissue the cancer originated—often before there are any clinical signs or symptoms of the disease. These findings were published by Liu et al in Annals of Oncology. In their ...

covid-19

Clinical Trials to Evaluate Activity of Biologics, Other Agents Against COVID-19

In an effort to expedite research for agents with potential activity against symptoms associated with the novel coronavirus (COVID-19), the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is evaluating and/or has approved a number of randomized clinical trials seeking to determine whether a drug has...

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