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Genetic Assay May Help Predict Disease Relapse in Patients With Gastroesophageal Cancer

A seven-gene assay could improve care for patients with gastroesophageal cancer by predicting their likelihood of relapse after chemotherapy and surgery. These findings were published by Smyth et al in Annals of Oncology. A team at The Institute of Cancer Research (ICR), London, and The Royal...

colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

Does Tailored Lifestyle Feedback Given During Colorectal Cancer Screening Improve Disease-Preventive Behaviors?

A program that provided individually tailored lifestyle recommendations for patients undergoing screening for colorectal cancer helped encourage healthy behavior, according to results published by Knudsen et al in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention. “It is well known that...

Aggressive Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Recipients of Solid Organ Transplant Recipients

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in recipients of a solid organ transplant. When organ transplant recipients are diagnosed with SCC, they are also at higher risk for a more aggressive disease course, metastasis, and death than the general population. Researchers ...

colorectal cancer
gynecologic cancers

CIMRA Assay for Detection of Gene Variants in Lynch Syndrome

An international team of researchers has developed, calibrated, and validated a novel tool for identifying the genetic changes in Lynch syndrome genes that are likely to be responsible for causing symptoms of the disease. The results were published by Drost et al in Genetics in Medicine. ...

hematologic malignancies

Alexander B. Pine, MD, PhD, on Practices and Preferences for Anticoagulant Therapy in Treating VTE

Alexander B. Pine, MD, PhD, of Yale School of Medicine, discusses a survey gathering data on health-care providers’ practices and preferences in using direct oral anticoagulant therapy to treat venous thromboembolism.

RSNA 2018: Mammography Screening Beyond Age 75

Women aged 75 years and older may benefit from continued screening mammograms because of the comparatively high incidence of breast cancer found in this age group, according to a study presented at the Annual Meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) (Abstract SSA01-04)....

RSNA 2018: Breast Cancer Risk-Based Mammography Screening in Younger Women

A new, large-scale study of more than 5 million mammograms found that annual mammography screening beginning at age 30 may benefit women with at least 1 of 3 specific risk factors: dense breasts, a personal history of breast cancer, or a family history of breast cancer. The study was presented at...

RSNA 2018: Preliminary Results of Primary Cryoablation in Treating Low-Risk Breast Cancers

Cryoablation has shown early indications of effectiveness in treating women with low-risk breast cancers, according to research presented at the Annual Meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) (Abstract SSM01-01). “If the positive preliminary findings are maintained as the ...

breast cancer

Hope S. Rugo, MD, on Metastatic Breast Cancer: Treatment for Pretreated Hormone Receptor–Positive Disease

Hope S. Rugo, MD, of the University of California, San Francisco, discusses how treatment with a lower dose of palbociclib (100 mg vs 125 mg) in combination with fulvestrant or tamoxifen is associated with a lower rate of high-grade neutropenia (Abstract PD2-12).

ASCO and Friends of Cancer Research Applaud NCI’s Expansion of Clinical Trial Eligibility Criteria

ASCO and Friends of Cancer Research (Friends) applaud the National Cancer Institute's (NCI) recent revision of its clinical trial protocol template to broaden eligibility criteria for cancer clinical trials. The protocol template was expanded to help increase the opportunity for ...

breast cancer
solid tumors
leukemia
lung cancer
lymphoma
multiple myeloma
issues in oncology
immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: New Priority Reviews, Designations, and Clearances, Plus Statements on Genetic Testing and Class Labeling

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently issued the following new approvals and designations: Priority Review for Atezolizumab in Combination With Chemotherapy for the Initial Treatment of Extensive-Stage SCLC The FDA accepted a supplemental biologics license application...

Every Cancer Treatment Plan Is Different—Help Your Patients Learn About What to Expect

YOUR PATIENTS can be active partners in their treatment. Address patient concerns and questions about core types of treatment with affordable printed materials from ASCO Answers. Topics include oral chemotherapy, understanding immunotherapy, understanding blood test results, and much more. Many of ...

2019 Medicare Physician Fee Schedule and Quality Payment Program Final Rule Released

AT THE BEGINNING of November, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) released the final rule for the Medicare Physician Fee Schedule and Quality Payment Program (QPP) outlining reimbursement changes for 2019. CMS estimates that the overall impact will be a 1% reimbursement cut for...

Calling ASCO Members: Join ASCO’s Research Survey Pool Today to Help Inform Research in Oncology

  ASCO IS assembling a cohort of its members who are willing to participate in survey-based research projects of ASCO members for noncommercial purposes. The immense knowledge and experience of ASCO’s membership can help to accelerate the development of new insights that may help to improve cancer...

Oncology Care Team Reduces Opioid Use After Surgery by Using Quality Improvement Approach

IN A QUALITY improvement project that was featured in the Quality Care Symposium press program,1 members of an oncology care team achieved a 46% reduction in opioid use among patients who underwent a range of urologic surgeries. They did this by using a systemic approach that identified multiple...

Scientific and Career Development Retreat: Networking and Collaborating With Promising Researchers

ASCO’s Conquer Cancer Foundation is committed to supporting the research and career development of young researchers through its Grants & Awards Program. On October 10–11, 2018, Conquer Cancer hosted its 4th Scientific and Career Development Retreat at ASCO headquarters in Alexandria,...

genomics/genetics

Role of Genomic Profiling in Younger Patients With Cancer

Although overall cancer survival rates continue to improve among all age groups in the United States—there are currently an estimated 15.5 million cancer survivors, and that number is expected to increase to 20.3 million by 20261—survival rates for adolescents and young adults with cancer (AYAs)...

skin cancer

Encorafenib and Binimetinib: A New Benchmark in Metastatic Melanoma Therapy?

IN JULY 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the combination of the oral BRAF inhibitor encorafenib (Braftovi) and the oral MEK inhibitor binimetinib (Mektovi) for BRAF V600E– or V600K– positive metastatic melanoma. The FDA approval was based on the results of the COLUMBUS...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Bladder Cancer: Strategies to Address Checkpoint Inhibitor Failure

CHECKPOINT INHIBITORS have rapidly become the standard of care as second-line treatment, and in some patients first-line treatment, of advanced bladder cancer. However, the majority of patients do not respond and eventually experience disease progression; these patients will need subsequent...

prostate cancer

Shedding Light on Mechanisms of Resistance to Treatment of Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

ONE OF the pressing issues in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer is the development of resistance to therapies directed at the androgen receptor (AR), such as enzalutamide (Xtandi) and abiraterone acetate (Zytiga). Research is ongoing to identify mechanisms of resistance in the hope of ...

breast cancer

Management of HER2-Positive Breast Cancer: Business as Usual?

MANAGEMENT OF HER2-positive breast cancer changed after the introduction of trastuzumab (Herceptin), the first anti-HER2 therapy to be approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for this type of cancer. Recent studies have more clearly defined the role of pertuzumab (Perjeta) and...

Antonio Omuro, MD, Named Neuro-Oncology Chief at Smilow Cancer Hospital

ANTONIO OMURO, MD, a clinician and researcher with expertise in brain tumors, has been appointed Chief of Neuro-Oncology and a leader for the Brain Tumor Program at Smilow Cancer Hospital. “We are so fortunate to have recruited Dr. Omuro to lead our efforts in Brain Tumors and other nervous...

leukemia
geriatric oncology

Expert Point of View: Susan M. O’Brien, MD

THE STUDY’S discussant, Susan M. O’Brien, MD, Associate Director for Clinical Science, Chao Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of California Irvine Health, said the results of the Alliance North American Intergroup Study A041202—demonstrating that ibrutinib (Imbruvica) is more...

breast cancer

Shanu Modi, MD, on Low HER2-Expressing Breast Cancer: Updated Trial Findings

Shanu Modi, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses study findings from a large phase I study on trastuzumab deruxtecan in patients with low HER2-expressing breast cancer (Abstract P6-17-02).

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Hope S. Rugo, MD, on Immunotherapy for Breast Cancer: Expert Perspective

Hope S. Rugo, MD, of the University of California, San Francisco, summarizes a spotlight session she chaired, which included discussion of new immunotherapy drug combinations, predictive factors, and the immune microenvironment.

breast cancer

Monica Morrow, MD, on View From the Trenches: What Will You do on Monday Morning?

Monica Morrow, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center reviews lessons learned from top abstracts, including how totailor the extent of local therapy to minimize morbidity, the diminishing role of axillary lymph node dissection, long-term sequelae of breast surgical procedures, and the need...

breast cancer

Shom Goel, MD, PhD, on Breast Cancer: Impact of CDK4/6 Inhibitors on Immunity

Shom Goel, MD, PhD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses preclinical data that suggest CDK4/6 inhibitors not only stop the growth of breast cancer cells, but also enhance antitumor immunity, a phenomenon that might help improve outcomes for people with advanced disease.

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Roisin M. Connolly, MD, on Breast Cancer Treatment Advances in 2018: Expert Perspective

Roisin M. Connolly, MD, of the Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins, discusses clinical trials during the past year on studies on CDK and PI3K inhibitors in estrogen receptor–positive breast cancer and immune checkpoint agents in triple-negative breast cancer.

issues in oncology
breast cancer

Reshma Jagsi, MD, DPhil, and Rachel A. Freedman, MD, MPH, on Over- and Undertreatment: Getting It Right

Reshma Jagsi, MD, DPhil, of the University of Michigan, and Rachel A. Freedman, MD, MPH, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discuss the twin challenges of overtreating people with cancer and the missed opportunities and dangers of undertreatment.

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Kathy S. Albain, MD, on Breast Cancer, Ethnicity, and Clinical Outcomes: Results From the TAILORx Trial

Kathy S. Albain, MD, of Loyola University Stritch School of Medicine, discusses study findings on race, ethnicity, and patient outcomes in hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative, node-negative breast cancer (Abstract GS4-07).

breast cancer
geriatric oncology

Allison Magnuson, DO, on Older Patients With Breast Cancer: A New Tool to Help Guide Treatment Decisions

Allison Magnuson, DO, of the University of Rochester Strong Memorial Hospital, discusses the development of a chemotherapy toxicity risk score that is associated with dose reduction as well as reduced respiratory distress and fewer hospitalizations (Abstract GS6-04).

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Roberto A. Leon-Ferre, MD, on Decreasing Hot Flashes: Results From an ACCRU Trial

Roberto A. Leon-Ferre, MD, of the Mayo Clinic, discusses study findings on the effectiveness of oxybutynin in decreasing the frequency and severity of hot flashes (Abstract GS6-01).

breast cancer
genomics/genetics

Dejan Juric, MD, on Advanced Breast Cancer: Results From the SOLAR-1 Trial

Dejan Juric, MD, of Massachusetts General Hospital, discusses phase III study findings on liquid biopsy–based assessment of PIK3CA mutational status and the combination of the selective PI3K-alpha inhibitor alpelisib plus fulvestrant in the treatment of advanced breast cancer (Abstract GS3-08).

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Laura S. Dominici, MD, on Young Women With Breast Cancer: Local Therapy and Quality of Life

Laura S. Dominici, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses the lower quality-of-life scores seen after unilateral or bilateral mastectomy compared with breast-conserving surgery in women younger than age 40 who are treated for breast cancer (Abstract GS6-05).

breast cancer
genomics/genetics

Judy E. Garber, MD, on Cancer Genetics: Updates for Breast Cancer Care

Judy E. Garber, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, summarizes a special session she moderated, which included discussion of polygenic risk scores, genetic testing in diverse populations, and what to do when presented with moderate-penetrance mutations.

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Shoshana M. Rosenberg, ScD, on Quality of Life and the Impact of Breast Cancer Surgery

Shoshana M. Rosenberg, ScD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses her study findings on the lower quality of life associated with mastectomy, and the need for intervention and timely referrals to supportive resources, especially for underserved populations (Abstract GS6-04).

breast cancer

Harold J. Burstein, MD, PhD, and Daniel F. Hayes, MD, on Breast Cancer With Positive Lymph Nodes: Treatment Controversy

Harold J. Burstein, MD, PhD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Daniel F. Hayes, MD, of the University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center debate whether all women with breast cancer and positive lymph nodes should receive chemotherapy.

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breast cancer
survivorship
symptom management

SABCS 2018: Oxybutynin for the Management of Hot Flashes in Women Unable to Receive Hormone Replacement Treatment

Treatment with oxybutynin helped reduce the frequency and intensity of hot flashes for women who could not take hormone replacement therapy, including breast cancer survivors, according to the results of a trial presented at the 2018 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium by Leon-Ferre et al (Abstract ...

SABCS 2018: SOLAR-1: Liquid Biopsies in Predicting Benefit of Alpelisib in PIK3CA-Mutant Breast Cancer

Liquid biopsy–based assessment of PIK3CA mutational status served as a better indicator of progression-free survival compared with analysis of tissue biopsy in patients with breast cancer enrolled in the phase III SOLAR-1 clinical trial, according to data presented by Juric et al at the 2018...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Approves Atezolizumab in Combination With Bevacizumab and Chemotherapy for First-Line Treatment of Metastatic, Nonsquamous NSCLC

On December 6, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved atezolizumab (Tecentriq) in combination with bevacizumab (Avastin), paclitaxel, and carboplatin for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic, nonsquamous non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with no EGFR or...

breast cancer

François-Clément Bidard, MD, PhD, on Metastatic Breast Cancer: Using Circulating Tumor Cells to Direct Treatment

François-Clément Bidard, MD, PhD, of the Institut Curie and the University of Versailles, discusses phase III study findings on the clinical utility of circulating tumor cell count as a tool to choose between first-line hormone therapy and chemotherapy for estrogen receptor–positive, HER2-negative...

breast cancer

Andrew D. Seidman, MD, and Richard G. Gray, MA, MSc, on Long-Term Aromatase Inhibitor Therapy

Andrew D. Seidman, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and Richard G. Gray, MA, MSc, of the University of Oxford, discuss a meta-analysis of individual patient data from 12 randomized trials including 24,912 women on the effects—in terms of recurrence and cause-specific mortality—of...

breast cancer

Andrew D. Seidman, MD, and Miguel Martín, MD, PhD, on Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Results From the CIBOMA/GEICAM Trial

Andrew D. Seidman, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and Miguel Martín, MD, PhD, of the Instituto de Investigacion Sanitaria Gregorio Marañón, discuss phase III study findings on adjuvant capecitabine after standard chemotherapy for people with early triple-negative breast cancer...

breast cancer

Andrew D. Seidman, MD, and Charles E. Geyer, MD, on HER2-Positive Breast Cancer: Results From the KATHERINE Trial

Andrew D. Seidman, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and Charles E. Geyer, MD, of Virginia Commonwealth University, discuss phase III study findings on ado-trastuzumab emtansine vs trastuzumab as adjuvant therapy in patients with early HER2-positive breast cancer with residual invasive ...

breast cancer

Eva M. Ciruelos, MD, PhD, on HER2-Positive Breast Cancer: Results From the PATRICIA Trial

Eva M. Ciruelos, MD, PhD, of the University Hospital 12 de Octubre and the SOLTI Group, discusses study findings on palbociclib and trastuzumab in postmenopausal patients with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer (Abstract PD3-03).

breast cancer

Zaida Morante, MD, on Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Delaying Adjuvant Chemotherapy

Zaida Morante, MD, of the Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Neoplasicas, discusses retrospective study findings showing the importance of starting adjuvant chemotherapy for people with triple-negative breast cancer within 30 days of surgery (Abstract GS2-05).

breast cancer

Shoichiro Ohtani, MD, PhD, on Extending Adjuvant Aromatase Inhibitor Therapy: Phase III Trial Results

Shoichiro Ohtani, MD, PhD, of Hiroshima City Hiroshima Citizens Hospital, discusses study findings on extending anastrozole to 10 years, which led to higher rates of disease-free survival and distant disease–free survival (Abstract GS3-04).

solid tumors
lung cancer

Bonnie J. Addario Lung Cancer Foundation Honors Investigators, Clinicians, Caregivers

The Bonnie J. Addario Lung Cancer Foundation (ALCF) recognized outstanding contributors in research, treatment, and caregiving at its Simply the Best Dinner and Gala, which took place recently in San Francisco. The annual event is a celebration of survivors, hope, and determination that brings...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

A Battle With Leukemia: Part Memoir, Part Oncology History

BOOKMARK Title: Cancer Crossings: A Brother, His Doctors, and the Quest for a Cure to Childhood LeukemiaAuthor: Tim WendelPublisher: ILR PressPublication date: April 2018Price: $24.95, hardcover, 256 pages Tim Wendel is a journalist and author of several noted books, mostly concerning sports. In...

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