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gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Nivolumab Plus Bevacizumab in Relapsed Ovarian Cancer

In a phase II trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Liu et al found evidence of the activity of combined nivolumab and bevacizumab in relapsed ovarian cancer, with activity appearing to be greater in platinum-sensitive disease. Study Details In the trial, 38 women with relapsed epithelial ovarian cancer ...

solid tumors

Long-Term Effects of Denosumab in Patients With Giant Cell Tumor of Bone

As reported by Chawla et al in The Lancet Oncology, long-term data from the final analysis of an international phase II study suggest that a favorable risk-benefit ratio is maintained over time with denosumab treatment of patients with giant cell tumor of bone. Benefit of denosumab was indicated in ...

prostate cancer
breast cancer
bladder cancer
pancreatic cancer
kidney cancer
thyroid cancer
gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

ESMO Congress 2019: Quick Takes From Key Clinical Trials

The ESMO Congress continues to grow as a pivotal platform for research in clinical oncology. At the ESMO Congress 2019, important findings were showcased in more than 2,200 studies, including 93 late-breaking abstracts. The ASCO Post summarized much of that news in separate articles over several...

lung cancer
neuroendocrine tumors
immunotherapy

Novel Therapies for Small Cell Lung Cancer and Neuroendocrine Tumors

Here is a glimpse at updated clinical trial data on newer therapies under study for the small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and advanced extrapancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. IMpower133 and ALTER: Novel Therapies for SCLC The treatment of small cell lung cancer has seen little progress in recent years, ...

gastrointestinal cancer

Pivotal Phase III Study Evaluates Investigational TKI in Fourth-Line Setting for Advanced GIST

In a late-breaking, oral presentation at the ESMO Congress 2019, Margaret von Mehren, MD, presented results from ­INVICTUS, a pivotal phase III clinical trial of ripretinib in patients with advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST).1 Ripretinib is an investigational tyrosine kinase inhibitor...

hepatobiliary cancer

Targeted Treatment Advances in Cholangiocarcinoma

For one of the rarest and most aggressive of tumors—cholangiocarcinoma—two novel molecularly targeted agents yielded encouraging outcomes in advanced disease in studies reported at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 2019. In the phase III ClarIDHy trial, the risk of disease...

prostate cancer

Expert Point of View: Eleni Efstathiou, MD

Formal study discussant Eleni Efstathiou, MD, of MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, commented on results of the PROfound trial at the ESMO Congress 2019. “This is the first phase III targeted therapy trial to deliver a positive outcome in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer,” she...

prostate cancer

Phase III PROfound Study Evaluates Olaparib in Setting of Metastatic, Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Treatment with the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor olaparib delayed disease progression and appears to improve survival, compared with newer hormonal agents in men with pretreated metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer and homologous recombinant repair (HRR) genetic...

immunotherapy
gynecologic cancers

Expert Point of View: Nicoletta Colombo, MD

The invited discussant of the two trials in cervical and endometrial cancers presented at the ESMO Congress 2019 was Nicoletta Colombo, MD, of the University of Milan-Bicocca in Italy, who commented on what she called “exciting results in cancers with unmet needs.” Dr. Colombo noted: “The studies...

immunotherapy
gynecologic cancers

Immunotherapy Shows Strong Benefit in Two Gynecologic Cancers

In studies reported at the ESMO Congress 2019, immunotherapy yielded encouraging outcomes in two gynecologic cancer populations in need of new treatments, including patients with advanced cervical cancer that is microsatellite-stable and patients previously treated for advanced endometrial cancer.  ...

multiple myeloma

Selinexor Plus Dexamethasone Studied in Triple-Class Refractory Multiple Myeloma

In a phase IIb study (STORM Part 2) reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Ajai Chari, MD, of Tisch Cancer Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, and colleagues found that oral selinexor and dexamethasone were active in some patients with multiple myeloma refractory to prior...

hepatobiliary cancer

Oral Direct-Acting Antiviral Therapy May Improve Survival in Patients With Hepatitis C Virus–Related HCC

Data from a new study presented by Dang et al at The Liver Meeting (Abstract 40) found that patients with hepatitis C virus–related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who achieved sustained virologic response (denoting an undetectable level of the virus) with any oral direct-acting antiviral therapy...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Rates of Non–Guideline-Concordant Lung Cancer Treatment in the United States

Only about 6 in 10 patients with lung cancer in the United States receive the minimal lung cancer treatments recommended by National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN) Guidelines, according to new research published by Blom et al in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society. Erik F. Blom, MD,...

hepatobiliary cancer

Hepatic Arterial Infusion of Floxuridine Plus Systemic Gemcitabine/Oxaliplatin for Unresectable Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma

In a single-center phase II trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Andrea Cercek, MD, and colleagues found that hepatic arterial infusion of floxuridine in combination with systemic gemcitabine/oxaliplatin produced high response and disease control rates and was associated with promising overall survival ...

issues in oncology
survivorship

Exercise Intolerance in Adult Survivors of Childhood Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Ness et al found a high rate of exercise intolerance among adult survivors of childhood cancer, irrespective of exposure to cardiotoxic treatment. Exercise intolerance was associated with poorer overall survival. The study involved 1,041...

multiple myeloma

Lenalidomide vs Observation in Asymptomatic Smoldering Multiple Myeloma

In a phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Sagar Lonial, MD, and colleagues found that lenalidomide significantly improved progression-free survival vs observation in patients with intermediate- or high-risk smoldering multiple myeloma. As noted by the investigators,...

Expert Point of View: Sanjay Popat, FRCP, PhD

Formal discussant of the CheckMate 227 trial, Sanjay Popat, FRCP, PhD, of the Royal Marsden Hospital, London, had some reservations about endorsing nivolumab/ipilimumab as a new standard of care, mainly related to toxicity. “The landscape of treating advanced non–small cell lung cancer has changed ...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

CheckMate 227: Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab Presents Another Option in First-Line Treatment of Advanced Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

The combination of nivolumab and ipilimumab improved overall survival compared with chemotherapy as first-line therapy for patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression of at least 1%, according to the results of CheckMate 227....

Expert Point of View: Pilar Garrido, MD, PhD

At a press conference at the ESMO Congress 2019, Pilar Garrido, MD, PhD, of Ramon y Cajal University Hospital, Madrid, commented on the FLAURA trial: “These results are good news for patients with lung cancer, which is the most common cause of cancer deaths. Advances in the understanding of the...

lung cancer

Osimertinib Improves Overall Survival vs Gefitinib, Erlotinib in Advanced EGFR-Mutated Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer: FLAURA Phase III Trial

The third-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor osimertinib extended overall survival compared with the older tyrosine kinase inhibitors gefitinib and erlotinib in patients with EGFR-mutated advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to late-breaking final overall survival results of the ...

Expert Point of View: Nicoletta Colombo, MD

The invited discussant of the two trials in cervical and endometrial cancers presented at the ESMO Congress 2019 was Nicoletta Colombo, MD, of the University of Milan-Bicocca in Italy, who commented on what she called “exciting results in cancers with unmet needs.” Dr. Colombo noted: “The studies...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Checkpoint Inhibitors Benefit Women With Advanced Stages of Cervical, Endometrial Cancers

Immunotherapy studies reported at the ESMO Congress 2019 yielded encouraging outcomes in patients with advanced cervical cancer that is microsatellite-stable and patients previously treated for advanced endometrial cancer. The combination of nivolumab and ipilimumab, with two different dosing...

gynecologic cancers

Phase III Trials Suggest Paradigm Shift With PARP Inhibitors in Ovarian Cancer

At the ESMO Congress 2019, ovarian cancer was a topic of heightened interest, particularly due to findings reported in several important phase III studies of PARP inhibitors in front-line maintenance therapy for patients with newly diagnosed advanced disease—and not just those with BRCA mutations....

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Neoadjuvant Immunotherapy Plus Chemotherapy Active in Women With Early Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Immunotherapy has changed the treatment paradigms for melanoma, lung cancer, bladder cancer, and renal cancer. Now, checkpoint inhibitor therapy is making inroads in triple-negative breast cancer—one of the most difficult-to-treat aggressive types of breast cancer. Late-breaking results of the...

breast cancer

MONALEESA-3, MONARCH 2: CDK4/6 Inhibitors Plus Fulvestrant Benefit Survival in Advanced Breast Cancer

CDK4/6 inhibitors improve overall survival in advanced breast cancer, according to results of two important phase III trials reported at the ESMO Congress 2019. Dennis J. Slamon, MD, PhD, of the University of California, Los Angeles Women’s Cancer Research Program, presented the findings from the...

ESMO Congress 2019 Offers a Global Stage for Important Clinical Data

The European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 2019, held September 27 to October 1 in Barcelona, welcomed clinicians, researchers, journalists, and exhibitors from around the world to hear advances across the oncology spectrum, in both clinical medicine and basic research. For this...

issues in oncology
hepatobiliary cancer

Financial Burdens of Patients With Cirrhosis and Impact on Screening for HCC

Data from a new study presented by Singal et al at The Liver Meeting found that patients with cirrhosis in the United States have substantial financial burden and this is associated with underuse of surveillance for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (Abstract 201). Improved intervention strategies are ...

colorectal cancer
geriatric oncology

Short-Term Survival in Patients Aged 85 Years and Older After Colorectal Cancer Surgery

Results from a preliminary research study showed the majority of patients aged 85 years and older were still alive in the short-term after undergoing segmental colectomy for stage II and III colon cancer. Kaur et al presented these findings at the American College of Surgeons Clinical Congress...

breast cancer

Prognostic Biomarkers in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Treated With Adjuvant Doxorubicin/Cyclophosphamide

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Priyanka Sharma, MD, and colleagues, biomarker analysis among women with triple-negative breast cancer treated with adjuvant doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide in the SWOG 9313c trial has confirmed a 44-gene DNA damage immune response signature and...

lymphoma
immunotherapy

Bendamustine/Rituximab Followed by Yttrium Y-90 Ibritumomab Tiuxetan in Previously Untreated Follicular Lymphoma

In the phase II Fol-BRITe study reported in Clinical Cancer Research, Lansigan et al found that a short course of bendamustine/rituximab followed by consolidation with yttrium Y-90 ibritumomab tiuxetan (Y-90 ibritumomab tiuxetan) was associated with a high response rate and a high rate of...

survivorship

Risk of Subsequent Malignant Neoplasms in Childhood Cancer Survivors After Treatment With Chemotherapy Alone

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Turcotte et al, analysis of the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study Cohort showed that childhood cancer survivors treated with chemotherapy alone—particularly higher cumulative doses of platinum and alkylating agents—are at an increased risk of...

head and neck cancer
skin cancer

Incidence of Head and Neck Melanoma in North American Youth: 1995 to 2014

Head and neck melanoma appears to be on the rise in young people in the United States and Canada, according to a study by Nosayaba Osazuwa-Peters, BDS, PhD, MPH, CHES, of the Saint Louis University (SLU) School of Medicine, and colleagues. Because the prognosis of head and neck melanoma is...

New ASCO Answers Fact Sheet on Anxiety and Depression

Anxiety and depression can cause distress and suffering that make it harder to cope with cancer treatment. Help your patients recognize and record their symptoms by giving them the ASCO Answers Anxiety and Depression fact sheet. This handout includes: An overview of anxiety and depression How...

Your Stories: Behind the Breakthroughs

On a Saturday morning, a wife wakes to telling signs that her husband is not well. Before Sunday, a devasting diagnosis comes that a young father has a 1% chance of surviving. The search is on for a life-extending treatment. Erin Miller, who lost her husband, Mike, and Erin’s sister, Dana...

New JCO CCI Article Discusses Difficulties in Gathering Real-World Evidence

A new JCO Clinical Cancer Informatics (JCO CCI) article highlights the challenges in—and need for—obtaining real-world evidence for assessing the effectiveness of precision medicine on areas such as survival, quality of life, cost, and health disparities. The paper, titled “Clinical Molecular...

Advocates Urge Action on Cancer Care Access at ASCO Advocacy Summit

At the 2019 ASCO Advocacy Summit, ASCO members from 35 states held more than 160 Congressional meetings, urging members of Congress to take action to advance policy priorities that improve patient access to cancer care, including: The Covering Life-Saving Investigations Needed in Cancer and Other...

Make a Holiday Gift to Conquer Cancer®, the ASCO Foundation

Help fund breakthrough cancer research on behalf of someone you love this holiday season. Make a gift in honor or in memory of a loved one, and then send an e-card or mailed notification of your tribute. For many families, this time of year is marked by worry or grief rather than joy. With your...

Cancer.Net: Physician-Generated Content for Patients With Cancer Worldwide

Receiving a cancer diagnosis is a disorienting moment for our patients who are then faced with making difficult decisions regarding their treatment. In order to improve shared decision-making and to increase patient involvement in their care, it is essential to provide patients and their families...

UNC Health Care Introduces New Blood Research Center

The University of North Carolina (UNC) Department of Medicine recently announced the formation of the new UNC Blood Research Center, administratively housed within the Division of Hematology and Oncology. Nigel Key, MD, the Harold R. Roberts Distinguished Professor of Medicine, Pathology and...

gynecologic cancers

Expert Point of View: Ana Oaknin, MD, PhD

Ana Oaknin, MD, PhD, Head of the Gynecologic Cancer Program at Vall d’Hebron Institute of Oncology, Barcelona, discussed the PRIMA/ENGOT-OV26/GOG-3012 trial along with the results of the phase III PAOLA-1/ENGOT-ov25 trial of olaparib plus bevacizumab maintenance. According to Dr. Oaknin, the...

gynecologic cancers

PRIMA Trial Reports Benefit With Niraparib Across Ovarian Cancer Subsets

In women with advanced ovarian cancer responding to first-line chemotherapy, maintenance therapy with the PARP inhibitor niraparib significantly reduced the risk of disease progression by 38% overall and by 60% in women with BRCA mutations. Even patients without a homologous recombination...

issues in oncology
hematologic malignancies
leukemia

How Clonal Hematopoiesis of Indeterminate Potential Increases the Risk of Heart Disease and Blood Cancers as People Age

Although stem cells throughout the body acquire genetic mutations over time, usually these alterations do not affect how the stem cells function or cause disease. However, recent research in clonal hematopoiesis and aging has found an association between clonal expansion of hematopoietic cells with ...

hematologic malignancies

Fedratinib: Back From ­Development Limbo for the Treatment of ­Myeloproliferative Neoplasms

In September 2019, Dr. Claire Harrison and colleagues, myself among them, presented two new analyses regarding the use of the JAK2 and FLT3 inhibitor fedratinib in myelofibrosis at the Society of Hematologic Oncology (SOHO) Annual Meeting, with resulting publication in Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma...

leukemia
lymphoma

Venetoclax for Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia or Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma

On May 15, 2019, venetoclax was approved for the treatment of adult patients with previously untreated chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL).1,2 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was based on findings from the open-label phase III CLL14 trial (ClinicalTrials.gov...

Cleveland Clinic Names Halle Moore, MD, Director of Breast Medical Oncology, Adds New Staff Physicians

Halle Moore, MD, has been named Director of Breast Medical Oncology and Co-Director for the Comprehensive Breast Cancer Program at Cleveland Clinic. She will start her role in January 2020. Dr. Moore joined Cleveland Clinic in 1999 and specializes in the medical management of breast cancer. Her...

ASTRO and ACR Update Practice Parameters for Radiation Therapies

The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) and the American College of Radiology (ACR) recently released seven updated practice parameters for medical providers who use radiation therapy to treat patients with cancer. The updated practice parameters synthesize the clinical best practices...

Barry Paul Sleckman, MD, PhD, to Lead O’Neal Comprehensive Cancer Center

Barry Paul Sleckman, MD, PhD, a well-known cancer researcher who focuses on understanding how DNA double-strand breaks are generated and repaired—a key topic for cancer and immune system development and function—has been named Director of the O’Neal Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of ...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Early Lung Cancer Detection Followed by Minimally Invasive Surgery Saves Lives

Lung cancer remains the number one cancer killer, leading to about 150,000 deaths per year in the United States and accounting for approximately 25% of all cancer deaths in the nation. Early detection has improved survival in other malignancies such as breast, colon, and cervical cancers, but...

pancreatic cancer

Management of Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer: A Call for Action

Advances in systemic therapy and supportive care, as well as ongoing improvements in surgical techniques, have led to improved survival for many patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. We have observed increased survival with FOLFIRINOX (leucovorin, fluorouracil, irinotecan,...

issues in oncology

The Oncology Care Model and Quality of Care: Defining, Measuring, and Implementing New Approaches to Cancer Care

The Oncology Care Model was instituted in 2016 by the Center for Medicare & Medicaid Innovation as a move away from the fee-for-service payment model and toward value-based care. It has sparked discussion ever since. How should quality be defined? Whose and what values should it reflect? How...

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