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bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Metastatic Urothelial Cancer: A Conversation on State-of-the-Art Treatment Before the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program

As Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, of Queen Mary University of London, prepares to deliver his late-breaking presentation at the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program (LBA-1), he talks with Christopher Sweeney, MBBS, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, about current therapy: PD1/PDL1 inhibition in second-line...

covid-19

ASTRO Survey Finds Fewer Patients Visiting Radiation Oncology Clinics, Despite Enhanced COVID-19 Safety Measures

Despite facing challenges such as limited access to personal protective equipment (PPE) following the COVID-19 outbreak, radiation oncology clinics quickly implemented safety and process enhancements that allowed them to continue caring for patients, according to a new national survey conducted by...

gynecologic cancers

Prevalence of Endosalpingiosis and Association With Ovarian Cancer

Over the last decade, researchers have become concerned about a possible link between a benign gynecologic lesion called endosalpingiosis and ovarian cancer. However, using a diagnostic method typically reserved for specimens suspected of being cancerous, a team has found the prevalence of...

issues in oncology

Exposure to Fine Particulate Matter May Increase Mortality Among Pediatric and AYA Patients With Certain Cancers

An analysis of nearly 16,000 pediatric and adolescent/young adult (AYA) patients with cancer in Utah revealed that exposure to fine particulate matter was associated with increased mortality at 5 and 10 years after diagnosis of certain cancers, according to a study published by Ou et al in Cancer...

issues in oncology
pain management

Opioid-Related Deaths in the Cancer Population vs the General Population

In a study reported in a research letter in JAMA Oncology, Fumiko Chino, MD, and colleagues found that while the incidence of opioid-related death has increased in both the general population and in patients with cancer in recent years, opioid-related death is far less common among individuals with ...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Neoadjuvant Atezolizumab Plus Chemotherapy for Resectable NSCLC

In a phase II study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Shu et al found that neoadjuvant treatment with atezolizumab plus nab-paclitaxel/carboplatin produced a major pathologic response in 57% of patients and a complete pathologic response in 33% of patients with resectable, predominantly stage IIIA...

Coagulation Issues in Patients With COVID-19: Part 1

This week, we spoke with Dr. Syed Abutalib, Associate Director of the Hematology and Cellular Therapy Program and Director of the Clinical Apheresis Program at Cancer Treatment Centers of America, Zion, Illinois; Associate Professor at the Roseland Franklin University of Medicine and Science; and...

covid-19

Lessons Learned on Rotation at COVID-19 Inpatient Service at New York City Hospital

AS I WRITE TO YOU, I am happy to report I have just completed a 7-day rotation at the COVID-19 inpatient service at my hospital in New York City! Overall, it was a positive experience, despite the occasional sad and scary moments. I left the service feeling uplifted and fulfilled. I am glad to have ...

lung cancer
genomics/genetics

Germline Genetic Variants in ATM and Lung Cancer Susceptibility

An international consortium of researchers has identified a mutation involved in a person’s susceptibility to lung cancer. This variant could help identify certain populations at greater risk for lung cancer, according to results reported by Ji et al in Nature Communications. ATM Variant Their...

skin cancer

Antihistamines May Improve Survival Among Patients With Malignant Melanoma

In a research letter published by Fritz et al in the journal Allergy, researchers reported that the common allergy medications desloratadine and loratadine may be associated with improved survival in patients with malignant melanoma. “Previous studies have shown that the same antihistamines have...

gastroesophageal cancer
issues in oncology

Do Marital Status and Race Affect the Treatment of Esophageal Cancer?

A study using data from the Michigan state cancer registry, reported in JCO Oncology Practice by Paniagua Cruz et al, found that a higher proportion of white vs black patients with esophageal cancer were married; that single patients were less likely to receive esophagectomy and chemotherapy; and...

covid-19

COVID-19 Infection in Pediatric Patients With Cancer

In a study reported in a research letter in JAMA Oncology, Boulad et al found a low rate of COVID-19 morbidity among infected pediatric patients with cancer seen in the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center pediatric program, as well as a low rate of infection in patients without COVID-19...

covid-19

Online Guide Offers Tips for Communicating With Patients During the COVID-19 Pandemic

A NEW ONLINE GUIDE provides tips to help oncology and other clinicians navigate the difficult and distressing communications with patients that have arisen during the COVID-19 pandemic. Anthony Back, MD, a medical oncologist and palliative medicine specialist at the University of Washington and...

head and neck cancer

New ASCO Guideline Addresses Head/Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Unknown Primary

ASCO has released a new clinical guideline titled, “Diagnosis and Management of Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Unknown Primary in the Head and Neck: ASCO Guideline.”1 The guideline, promulgated by an international expert panel, is intended to “provide evidence-based recommendations to practicing...

hepatobiliary cancer
immunotherapy

Atezolizumab Plus Bevacizumab vs Sorafenib in Treatment-Naive Patients With Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Richard S. Finn, MD, and colleagues,  the phase III IMbrave150 trial has shown that anti–programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) plus anti-VEGF therapy with atezolizumab plus bevacizumab improved progression-free and overall survival vs sorafenib ...

covid-19

ASCO Special Report Provides Guidance to Oncology Practices on Resuming Cancer Care During the COVID-19 Pandemic

ASCO has released the ASCO Special Report: A Guide to Cancer Care Delivery During the COVID-19 Pandemic, which provides detailed guidance to oncology practices on the immediate and short-term steps that could be taken to help protect the safety of patients and health-care staff before resuming more ...

prostate cancer
covid-19

Do Men Treated With ADT for Prostate Cancer Have a Lower Risk of Acquiring COVID-19?

A study of 4,532 men in the Veneto region of Italy has found that those who were being treated for prostate cancer with androgen-deprivation therapies (ADT) were less likely to develop COVID-19, and if they were infected, their disease tended to be less severe. This research was published by...

prostate cancer

FDA Approves Olaparib for HRR Gene–Mutated Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

On May 19, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved olaparib (Lynparza) for adult patients with deleterious or suspected deleterious germline or somatic homologous recombination repair (HRR) gene–mutated metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who have had disease progression...

bladder cancer

Low-Intensity Surveillance as an Option for Some Patients With Non–Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer

Low-intensity cystoscopic surveillance may be a viable option for patients with high-risk, non–muscle invasive bladder cancer, according to data from a paper presented to the media during a special session moderated by the American Urological Association (AUA) on May 15. The research was also...

kidney cancer
prostate cancer

Can Pain After Prostatectomy or Nephrectomy Be Managed Without Opioids?

The use of opioids continues to be major issue facing patients with cancer in the United States. Most patients undergoing prostate and kidney removal may be managed effectively without opioids during the postoperative period, according to new data from researchers in Pittsburgh highlighted during a ...

prostate cancer

Overall Survival With the Addition of ADT or Brachytherapy Boost to External-Beam Radiotherapy in Patients With Localized Prostate Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Jackson et al found that the common practice of omitting androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) from treatment with external-beam radiotherapy (EBRT) plus a brachytherapy boost (BT) may be associated with poorer overall survival in men with...

covid-19

NIH-Led ACTIV Program for the Development of COVID-19 Vaccines

In an article published in Science, Lawrence Corey, MD; John R. Mascola, MD; Anthony S. Fauci, MD; and Francis S. Collins, MD, PhD, describe the composition and aims of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)-led Accelerating COVID-19 Therapeutic Interventions and Vaccines (ACTIV) partnership....

lymphoma

Detecting Relapse in Patients With Lymphoma in First Remission: Value of Surveillance Laboratory Testing

In a single-institution retrospective study reported in JCO Oncology Practice, Lynch et al found that routine laboratory surveillance testing had limited value in detecting relapse in patients with classical Hodgkin lymphoma in first remission. Study Details The study involved 235 patients at...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Approves Atezolizumab for the First-Line Treatment of Patients With Metastatic NSCLC and High PD-L1 Expression

On May 18, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved atezolizumab (Tecentriq) for the first-line treatment of adult patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors have high programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression (PD-L1 stained ≥ 50% of tumor cells or...

hepatobiliary cancer

Andrew X. Zhu, MD, PhD, on Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Atezolizumab Combined With Bevacizumab

Andrew X. Zhu, MD, PhD, of Massachusetts General Hospital, discusses an exploratory analysis seeking to identify tumor-based molecular biomarkers that may be associated with clinical response or resistance to the combination treatment of atezolizumab and bevacizumab in patients with advanced...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Qi Liu, PhD, on NSCLC: Pneumonitis, Immunotherapy, and Chemotherapy

Qi Liu, PhD, of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, discusses data that suggest that patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer who had a past medical history of pneumonitis were more likely to experience treatment-associated pneumonitis in response to immune checkpoint inhibitors or...

survivorship

Physical Activity and Neurocognitive Function in Adult Survivors of Childhood Cancers

In a Childhood Cancer Survivor Study analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Barlow-Krelina et al found that consistent physical activity vs consistent inactivity was associated with reduced neurocognitive problems and greater improvement in neurocognitive domains during long-term...

gastrointestinal cancer
lung cancer
leukemia
hepatobiliary cancer
kidney cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Two Breakthrough Therapy Designations for Fam-Trastuzumab Deruxtecan-nxki, and More

Over the past few weeks, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Breakthrough Therapy designations for an antibody-drug conjugate in the treatment of gastric and lung cancers. The Agency has also issued Orphan Drug designations for agents being investigated in chronic myeloid...

covid-19
global cancer care

Cancer Care at Tata Memorial Centre During the COVID-19 Pandemic

In correspondence published in The New England Journal of Medicine, two practitioners from Tata Memorial Centre, India’s largest cancer center, describe measures taken to continue providing cancer care during the COVID-19 pandemic in India. As related by the authors, scaling back of operations at...

prostate cancer

FDA Approves Rucaparib in BRCA-Mutated Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

On May 15, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to rucaparib (Rubraca) for patients with deleterious BRCA mutation (germline and/or somatic)-associated metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who have been treated with androgen receptor–directed therapy...

gastrointestinal cancer

FDA Approves Ripretinib for Previously Treated Patients With Advanced Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor

On May 15, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved ripretinib (Qinlock) for the treatment of adult patients with advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) who have received prior treatment with three or more kinase inhibitors, including imatinib. INVICTUS Trial Efficacy was...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Approves Nivolumab/Ipilimumab for First-Line Treatment of Patients With Metastatic NSCLC and PD-L1 Tumor Expression ≥ 1%

On May 15, 2020, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the combination of nivolumab (Opdivo) plus ipilimumab (Yervoy) as first-line treatment for patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors express programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1)  at ≥ 1%, as...

kidney cancer
neuroendocrine tumors
issues in oncology
lung cancer
breast cancer

Selected Poster Presentations on Cancer Therapeutics and More

Although the live 2020 National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Annual Conference was canceled, more than 100 posters scheduled for presentation are now available online, as part of the NCCN 2020 Virtual Annual Conference. The ASCO Post has summarized some of the clinical trial updates we found ...

covid-19

10 Changes I Will Make in My Oncology Practice as a Result of COVID-19

As a result of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2, or COVID-19) global pandemic, medicine—including oncology practice—will never be the same. We find ourselves in a time of emergency medicine for all specialties, technologic innovation (eg, more prevalent use of...

thyroid cancer

Study Finds a High Rate of Intra- and Postoperative Conversions to Total Thyroidectomy

The overall risk of needing a total thyroidectomy was found to be 19.4% for patients undergoing lobectomy for indeterminate and high-risk thyroid nodule, according to a report published by Moore et al in the World Journal of Surgery. The study also found that 21% and 26.5% of patients originally...

sarcoma

FDA Approves Pomalidomide for Kaposi Sarcoma

On May 14, 2020, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) expanded the indication of pomalidomide (Pomalyst) to include treating adult patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related Kaposi sarcoma after failure of highly active antiretroviral therapy and those with Kaposi...

breast cancer

Does Text Messaging Support Adherence to Adjuvant Aromatase Inhibitor Therapy in Women With Early-Stage Breast Cancer?

In the SWOG S1105 trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Dawn L. Hershman, MD, MS, and colleagues found that a text message intervention did not reduce the rate of early discontinuation of adjuvant aromatase inhibitor therapy in postmenopausal women with early-stage breast cancer....

covid-19

Mikkael A. Sekeres, MD, on Cancer Treatment in the Age of COVID-19: Personal Observations

Mikkael A. Sekeres, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic, talks about the ways in which social distancing and viral fears have affected the way he delivers treatment for his patients, as well as the effect on their psyches—and his. Recorded April 10, 2020.

breast cancer

Jennifer K. Litton, MD, on Breast Cancer: EMBRACA Trial on Talazoparib vs Chemotherapy

Jennifer K. Litton, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses study results of talazoparib vs chemotherapy in patients with BRCA1/2-mutated HER2-negative advanced breast cancer. In this final analysis, patient-reported outcomes continued to favor the PARP inhibitor, even...

covid-19

New Study Shows Patients With Cancer Had Lower Rates of Detected COVID-19 Antibodies vs Health-Care Workers

Results from an analysis involving both patients with cancer and health-care workers at Centre Léon Bérard in Lyon, France, showed that patients with cancer had a significantly lower detection rate of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies 15 days or more after COVID-19 symptoms and a positive reverse transcription ...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Combining Pembrolizumab With IL-12 Electroporation May Improve Clinical Response in Patients With Immunologically 'Cold' Melanoma

Patients with non–immune-infiltrated “cold” tumors have low frequencies of intratumoral tumor-reactive, checkpoint-positive cytotoxic lymphocytes, making them less responsive to checkpoint blockage than patients with immune-infiltrated “hot” tumors. A phase II study by Alain P. Algazi, MD, and...

lymphoma
immunotherapy

First-Line Concomitant and Sequential Nivolumab/AVD for Early-Stage Unfavorable Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma

In a phase II German Hodgkin Study Group trial (NIVAHL) reported in JAMA Oncology, Bröckelmann et al found that both concomitant and sequential nivolumab plus AVD (doxorubicin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine) regimens showed efficacy in first-line treatment of early-stage unfavorable classical...

symptom management

Effectiveness of Different Severity Thresholds for Chemotherapy-Related Symptom Alerts

In a study reported in JCO Oncology Practice, Shi et al found that use of higher-than-currently-recommended severity thresholds for symptom alerts for patients receiving outpatient chemotherapy would result in failure to identify and treat many patients requiring clinical intervention for ...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Quitting Smoking at Any Point Improves Lung Cancer Survival, Study Finds

People who quit smoking at any time—even 2 years before a lung cancer diagnosis—improve their chances of survival after being diagnosed with the disease, according to the results of a large international study presented by Fares et al in a press briefing in advance of the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific...

lung cancer

Edward B. Garon, MD, on Metastatic NSCLC: GEOMETRY mono-1 Trial of Capmatinib

Edward B. Garon, MD, of the University of California, Los Angeles, David Geffen School of Medicine, discusses results from a small study in METex14-mutated advanced non–small cell lung cancer and brain metastases. The trial suggested capmatinib showed antitumor activity in the brain, regardless of...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Edward B. Garon, MD, on NSCLC: Long-Term Use of Pemetrexed Plus Platinum With Pembrolizumab

Edward B. Garon, MD, of the University of California, Los Angeles David Geffen School of Medicine, discusses KEYNOTE-189 trial findings that showed adding pembrolizumab to pemetrexed plus platinum—which previously was found to improve overall and progression-free survival—is also safe and has...

solid tumors

Nickolas Papadopoulos, PhD, on Liquid Biopsy to Screen for Multiple Cancer Types

Nickolas Papadopoulos, PhD, of Johns Hopkins Medicine, discusses a first-of-its-kind prospective study that evaluated a screening blood test in more than 10,000 older women with no history of cancer. The test, called DETECT-A, identified 10 different cancer types, 65% of which were early-stage...

issues in oncology

Videoconference Intervention Can Reduce Levels of Anxiety and Distress Among Distance Caregivers

According to the National Alliance for Caregiving, the number of adult individuals in the United States providing care for patients with cancer ranges between 2.8 million and 6.1 million. Caregivers for patients with cancer who live more than 1 hour away report having higher levels of anxiety and...

geriatric oncology

Expert Point of View: William Dale, MD, PhD

"We have known for a long time, based on good evidence, that geriatric assessment is good at accurately identifying patients at high risk for chemotherapy-induced toxicity, surgical complications, and increased hospitalizations. This study adds an intervention component based on the geriatric...

geriatric oncology

Geriatrician Assessment and Integrated Care May Help Older Patients as Well as the Health-Care System

A full geriatric assessment and geriatrician-led multidisciplinary care improved the quality of life of patients aged 70 and older undergoing chemotherapy, targeted therapy, or immunotherapy, according to results of a prospective, randomized, controlled, open-label trial, reported in a press...

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