Addition of Metronomic Chemotherapy to Dual Anti-HER2 Treatment in Older Patients With Metastatic Breast Cancer

In the phase II EORTC 75111-10114 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Wildiers et al found that the addition of metronomic oral cyclophosphamide to pertuzumab (Perjeta) and trastuzumab (Herceptin) improved progression-free survival in elderly or frail women with HER2-positive metastatic breast...

Dose Rounding of Anticancer Agents: Hematology/Oncology Pharmacy Association Position Statement

As reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice by Fahrenbruch et al, the Hematology/Oncology Pharmacy Association (HOPA) has issued a position statement on dose rounding of biologic and cytotoxic anticancer agents. To formulate the position statement, the HOPA standards committee organized a work ...

Serum Bone Biomarkers in Early Breast Cancer and Risk of Bone Metastasis

In a study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Brown et al found that the serum bone biomarkers P1NP, CTX, and 1-CTP showed good prognostic ability for bone metastasis in patients in the phase III AZURE (BIG01/04) trial of adjuvant zoledronic acid in early breast cancer....

U.S. Incidence and Projected Rise of Merkel Cell Carcinoma

The number of U.S. cases of Merkel cell carcinoma is rising about six times faster than most other cancers, and at nearly twice the rate of melanoma. Paulson et al reported these findings in The Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, which are based on research conducted at the University...

FDA Accepts NDA, Grants Priority Review for Ivosidenib in Relapsed or Refractory IDH1-Mutated AML

On February 15, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted a new drug application (NDA) for ivosidenib (AG-120) for the treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with an isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) mutation. The NDA was granted Priority Review...

Long-Term Outcomes With PD-L1 Inhibition in Metastatic Urothelial Cancer

As reported by Petrylak et al in JAMA Oncology, long-term follow-up of patients in a phase I study expansion cohort indicated enduring clinical benefit and maintained tolerability of atezolizumab (Tecentriq) in patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma.  Study Details The study involved...

Chromatin Organization Marker and Cancer-Specific Survival

In a study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Kleppe et al found that a novel marker for chromatin organization in tumor cell nuclei was associated with outcome in a variety of cancer types. Study Details In the study, machine learning algorithms analyzed chromatin organization in 461,000 images of ...

Pomalidomide and Low-Dose Dexamethasone in Patients With Multiple Myeloma and Renal Impairment

In a European phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Dimopoulos et al found that pomalidomide (Pomalyst) plus low-dose dexamethasone produced responses in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma and renal impairment. Study Details In the study, 81 patients with ...

Combining Ultrasound Imaging With Alpha-Fetoprotein Test May Boost Detection of Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Combining ultrasound imaging with a blood test for high alpha fetoprotein levels may improve detection of early-stage liver cancer by as much as 40%, researchers at UT Southwestern’s Simmons Cancer Center found. Their findings were presented by Tzartzeva et al in Gastroenterology....

Family History Increases Breast Cancer Risk, Even in Women Aged 65 and Older

A family history of breast cancer continues to significantly increase chances of developing invasive breast tumors in women aged 65 years and older, according to research published by Braithwaite et al in JAMA Internal Medicine. The findings could impact mammography screening decisions later in...

Association of MHC Class II and PD-L1 Expression With Outcome in Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Roemer et al found that programmed death cell ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression and major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II positivity on Hodgkin Reed-Sternberg (HRS) cells may predict favorable outcome with programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1)...

Monoclonal Antibody Treatment in Newly Diagnosed Pediatric High-Grade Glioma

In a phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Grill et al found that the addition of bevacizumab (Avastin) to radiotherapy plus temozolomide (RT + TMZ) did not improve event-free survival in pediatric patients with newly diagnosed high-grade glioma. Study Details In the...

Update on Phase III JAVELIN Lung 200 Trial of Avelumab Monotherapy in Previously Treated Patients With Advanced NSCLC

On February 15, updated results were made available from the phase III JAVELIN Lung 200 trial comparing avelumab (Bavencio) to docetaxel in patients with unresectable, recurrent, or metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose disease progressed after treatment with a...

FDA’s Oncologic Drugs Advisory Committee to Review Potential New Use of Blinatumomab

On February 14, Amgen announced that the Oncologic Drugs Advisory Committee of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) will review data supporting the supplemental biologics license application (sBLA) for blinatumomab (Blincyto) for the treatment of patients with minimal residual disease...

FDA Expands Approval of Durvalumab to Reduce the Risk of NSCLC Progression

On February 16, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved durvalumab (Imfinzi) for the treatment of patients with stage III unresectable non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose cancer has not progressed after treatment with chemoradiation. “This is the first treatment...

ASCO Endorses CAP/IASLC/AMP Guideline Update on Molecular Testing for Targeted Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Treatment in Lung Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Gregory P. Kalemkerian, MD, and colleagues, ASCO has endorsed the College of American Pathologists (CAP), International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC), and Association for Molecular Pathology (AMP) updated guideline on molecular...

First-Line Lenvatinib vs Sorafenib in Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma

In a phase III noninferiority trial reported in The Lancet, Kudo et al found that first-line lenvatinib was noninferior to sorafenib in overall survival of patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. Study Details In the open-label trial, 954 patients from 154 sites in 20 countries in...

New International Practice Guidelines for Using CYP2D6 Genotype to Guide Antiestrogen Treatment in Breast Cancer

An international group of clinicians and scientists representing the Clinical Pharmacogenetics Implementation Consortium (CPIC) published the first-ever clinical practice guidelines for using CYP2D6 genotype to guide tamoxifen therapy. Their research was published by Goetz et al in Clinical...

New ACCC Report Focuses on Immuno-Oncology, Cancer Care Delivery

As innovations in immunotherapies multiply, cancer programs and practices must overcome care coordination and communication challenges across the nation’s health-care system to integrate these advances into effective patient care. A new report from the Association of Community Cancer Centers...

Combination Immunotherapy in DNA Mismatch Repair–Deficient/Microsatellite Instability–High Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Overman et al, findings in the nivolumab (Opdivo) plus ipilimumab (Yervoy) cohort of the CheckMate-142 study indicate a high response rate and durable responses with the combination in previously treated patients with DNA mismatch...

Long-Term Survival Outcomes With Chemohormonal Therapy in Metastatic Hormone-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

Analysis of long-term survival outcomes in the phase III CHAARTED trial showed a survival advantage with the addition of docetaxel to androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) in patients with hormone-sensitive metastatic prostate cancer, although no advantage was observed among patients with low-volume...

2018 GU CANCERS SYMPOSIUM: Tivozanib in Combination With Nivolumab in Metastatic RCC

Preliminary results from the phase II portion of the TiNivo study, a phase Ib/II multicenter trial of oral tivozanib in combination with intravenous (IV) nivolumab (Opdivo) for the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) were presented by Escudier et al at the 2018 Genitourinary Cancers...

ASCO Examines the Current Oncology Clinical Pathways Landscape

ASCO has released its review of leading oncology pathway vendors in the United States. “Oncology Clinical Pathways: Charting the Landscape of Pathway Providers,” published in the Journal of Oncology Practice (JOP), examines the clinical pathways offered by six commercial vendors using...

supportive care
symptom management

ASCO and NCCN Provide Guidelines for Managing Immunotherapy Side Effects

Immunotherapy with immune checkpoint inhibitors is the first of a new generation of immunotherapy treatments, revolutionizing treatment for many different types of cancer. By unleashing the body's immune system to attack cancer, these treatments can send even the most hard-to-treat cancers into...

FDA Approves Apalutamide for Nonmetastatic, Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) today approved apalutamide (Erleada) for the treatment of patients with prostate cancer that has not spread, but that continues to grow despite treatment with hormone therapy. This is the first FDA-approved treatment for nonmetastatic,...

Neoadjuvant Trastuzumab Biosimilar vs Trastuzumab in HER2-Positive Early Breast Cancer

In a phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Pivot et al found equivalence of the trastuzumab biosimilar SB3 and the reference trastuzumab (Herceptin) in producing breast pathologic complete response in the neoadjuvant treatment of patients with HER2-positive early breast...

ALK Variant, Resistance, and Clinical Outcomes in ALK-Positive NSCLC

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Lin et al found that specific ALK variants may be associated with the development of resistance mutations to ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in ALK-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Study Details The study involved...

METEOR Trial Follow-up: Quality of Life in Metastatic RCC

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Cella et al found little difference in quality-of-life (QOL) outcomes between the cabozantinib (Cabometyx) and everolimus (Afinitor) groups in the phase III METEOR trial. The study investigated these treatments in patients with metastatic...

FDA Grants Priority Review to Lorlatinib in ALK-Positive NSCLC

On February 12, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted and granted Priority Review to Pfizer’s new drug application for lorlatinib. The Prescription Drug User Fee Act goal date for a decision by the FDA is in August 2018. Lorlatinib is an investigational, anaplastic lymphoma...

FDA Grants Premarket Approval to New HPV Assay

On February 14, Becton, Dickinson and Company (BD) announced it had received premarket approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the BD Onclarity human papillomavirus (HPV) assay. The test detects 14 types of high-risk HPV from specimens collected for cervical cancer screening...

2018 SURVIVORSHIP: Many Young Adult Cancer Survivors Forgo Follow-up Care After Cancer Treatment Ends

Despite survivorship guidelines from ASCO and other organizations regarding follow-up care after cancer treatment ends, follow-up care is generally lacking for adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors. Since AYA cancer survivors are at an increased risk for late effects from their cancer...

2018 SURVIVORSHIP: Therapeutic Sexual Aids Frequently Not Available for Cancer Survivors Who Need Them

Cancer care guidelines recommend that cancer survivors who experience sexual dysfunction after cancer treatment use therapeutic aids to help improve their sexual health. However, a new study of 25 leading cancer centers found that 87% of the centers reported having no sexual aids available on site...

breast cancer
survivorship

2018 SURVIVORSHIP: Exercise Speeds Improvement in Arm Mobility After Surgery for Breast Cancer

New findings from a clinical trial of women with breast cancer suggest that guided exercise with a physical therapist after lymph node dissection helps women regain their range of arm motion more quickly. These findings will be presented by Paskett et al at the upcoming 2018 Cancer Survivorship...

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
survivorship

2018 SURVIVORSHIP: Exercising During Chemotherapy for Breast or Colon Cancer Has Long-Term Benefits

A follow-up study to a randomized clinical trial reveals that exercising during adjuvant chemotherapy helps people engage in more physical activity years later. Four years later, people with breast or colon cancer who had participated in an 18-week exercise program while receiving chemotherapy...

2018 SURVIVORSHIP: Web-Based Interventions Help Adolescents Stay Physically Active After Cancer Treatment

Survivors of childhood cancer are at increased risk for obesity and metabolic syndrome, which can lead to other serious health conditions, including heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. However, engaging in regular physical activity may help remediate these health issues in young survivors. A...

Selective Inhibition of Nuclear Export in Heavily Pretreated Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

In a phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Vogl et al found that the investigational oral selective exportin 1 (XPO1) inhibitor selinexor combined with dexamethasone produced responses in patients with heavily pretreated relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma. ...

Synchronous Distant and Locoregional Recurrence in Stage II and III Breast Cancer

In a study of National Cancer Database data reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Neuman et al found that synchronous distant recurrence was identified in 27% of women with stage II or III breast cancer experiencing locoregional recurrence. Study Details The study—an American...

2018 GU CANCERS SYMPOSIUM: Antiandrogenic Therapy in Nonmetastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Results from the phase III PROSPER trial in patients with nonmetastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer were presented by Hussain et al at the 2018 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium (Abstract 3). The results show that the use of enzalutamide (Xtandi) plus androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT)...

2018 GU CANCERS SYMPOSIUM: Early-Phase Trial of Glutaminase Inhibitor CB-839 in Combination With Cabozantinib or Everolimus in Renal Cell Carcinoma

Data on CB-839, a first-in-class glutaminase inhibitor, will be presented by Tannir et al at the 2018 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium in San Francisco (Abstract 603). The data are from the CX-839-001 study, which includes cohorts evaluating the safety, efficacy and recommended phase II dose of ...

2018 GU CANCERS SYMPOSIUM: Combination Therapy Shows Antitumor Activity in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

Combining the antiangiogenic agent axitinib (Inlyta) with the immunotherapy pembrolizumab (Keytruda) was found to have promising antitumor activity and no unexpected side effects in an early-phase clinical trial in patients with advanced kidney cancer who had not been previously treated. The full...

FDA Approves Abiraterone Acetate in Combination With Prednisone for High-Risk Metastatic Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

On February 7, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved abiraterone acetate (Zytiga) tablets in combination with prednisone for metastatic high-risk castration-sensitive prostate cancer. The FDA initially approved abiraterone acetate with prednisone in 2011 for patients with...

Nonsteroidal Antiandrogen Treatment in Androgen Receptor–Expressing Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

A phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Traina et al showed activity of the androgen receptor inhibitor enzalutamide (Xtandi) in triple-negative breast cancer expressing the androgen receptor (AR). Study Details The study involved 118 patients from 45 sites in seven...

Prosigna Score and 10-Year Distant Recurrence in Women Receiving Endocrine Therapy for Early Breast Cancer

In a Danish study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Lænkholm and colleagues found that the PAM50-based Prosigna risk of recurrence score could identify lower risk of 10-year distant recurrence in subgroups of postmenopausal women who received 5 years of endocrine therapy alone for ...

Pembrolizumab Active in Thymic Carcinoma

In a single-center phase II study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Giaccone et al found that pembrolizumab (Keytruda) produced durable responses in patients with recurrent thymic carcinoma. Study Details In the study, 40 evaluable patients with advanced disease progressing after at least one line ...

Differentiating Cancerous Prostate Tissue From Benign Tissue

Using nuclear medicine, German researchers may have found a way to accurately differentiate cancerous tissue from healthy tissue in prostate cancer patients. The research is highlighted in findings published by Rahbar et al in The Journal of Nuclear Medicine. These new findings demonstrate that...

Long-Term Follow-up in Follicular Lymphoma: SWOG Phase III Trial Reports Outcomes

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Shadman et al, long-term follow-up of patients with previously untreated advanced-stage follicular lymphoma in the phase III SWOG-S0016 trial has shown continued good outcomes with both R-CHOP (rituximab [Rituxan] plus cyclophosphamide,...

Prexasertib in Pretreated BRCA Wild-Type High-Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer

In a phase II study reported in The Lancet Oncology by Lee et al, the investigational cell-cycle checkpoint kinase 1 and 2 inhibitor prexasertib produced responses in women with recurrent BRCA wild-type high-grade serous ovarian cancer. In the study, 28 women with measureable disease enrolled...

CONCORD-3: Global Surveillance of Cancer Survival Trends, 2000–2014

In an article in The Lancet, Allemani et al reported findings from the CONCORD program for global surveillance of cancer survival trends updated through 2014 (CONCORD-3).   Study Details CONCORD-3 includes data on 37.5 million patients diagnosed with cancer between 2000 and 2014 from...

Does Treatment With Tumor-Treating Fields Plus Temozolomide Influence Quality of Life in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma?

A detailed quality-of-life analysis of the phase III EF-14 trial of tumor-treating fields (Optune) in combination with temozolomide for the treatment of newly diagnosed glioblastoma was published by Taphoorn et al in JAMA Oncology. This secondary endpoint analysis demonstrated that the...

Superior Progression-Free Survival With First-Line Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab vs Chemotherapy in NSCLC With High Tumor Mutation Burden

The ongoing phase III CheckMate-227 study met its coprimary endpoint of progression-free survival with a combination of nivolumab (Opdivo) plus ipilimumab (Yervoy) vs chemotherapy in patients with first-line advanced non­–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors have a high (≥ 10...

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