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Breast Cancer

Equivalent Response Rates With Trastuzumab or a Trastuzumab Biosimilar Plus Taxane in HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer

In part 1 of the Heritage study, a phase III equivalence trial reported in JAMA, Hope S. Rugo, MD, of the University of California Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, San Francisco, and colleagues found that treatment with trastuzumab (Herceptin) or a proposed trastuzumab biosimilar...

Multiple Myeloma

Adding Daratumumab to Lenalidomide/Dexamethasone Increases Progression-Free Survival in Previously Treated Multiple Myeloma

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Meletios A. Dimopoulos, MD, of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, and colleagues, the phase III POLLUX trial has shown that the addition of the CD38-targeted antibody daratumu­mab (Darzalex) to lenalidomide...

Bladder Cancer

Nivolumab in Urothelial Carcinoma After Platinum Therapy

On February 2, 2017, nivolumab (Opdivo) was granted accelerated approval for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma who have disease progression during or after platinum-containing chemotherapy or have disease progression within 12 months of neoadjuvant...

Breast Cancer

Ribociclib in Hormone Receptor–Positive, HER2-Negative Advanced Breast Cancer

On March 13, the cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitor ribociclib (Kisqali) was approved for use in combination with an aromatase inhibitor as initial endocrine-based therapy for the treatment of postmenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative advanced or metastatic breast ...

Palliative Care

ASCO Clinical Practice Guideline Update: Integration of Palliative Care Into Standard Oncology Care

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, ASCO has released a clinical practice guideline update on integration of palliative care into standard oncology care.1 This update of a 2012 ASCO provisional clinical opinion2 is based on an Expert Panel’s systematic review of data reported between...

Survivorship

ASCO Clinical Practice Guideline on Prevention and Monitoring of Cardiac Dysfunction in Survivors of Adult Cancers

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Saro H. Armenian, DO, MPH, of City of Hope, and colleagues, ASCO has released a clinical practice guideline on prevention and monitoring of cardiac dysfunction in survivors of adult cancers.1 Recommendations were developed by an expert panel...

Breast Cancer

Mammography-Detected Small Breast Cancers May Represent Overdiagnosis, With Declining Mortality Reflecting Improved Systemic Therapy

In a study using Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) data reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, H. Gilbert Welch, MD, of Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice, and colleagues found that screening mammography has resulted in a substantial increase in...

Delays in Radiotherapy for Head and Neck Cancer in Insured and Indigent Populations

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Thomas et al found that interruption of radiotherapy for head and neck cancer was more frequent and treatment outcomes were poorer among indigent populations vs commercially or Medicare-insured populations within a single academic health...

Celecoxib or Celecoxib/Zoledronic Acid in Men Initiating Hormone Therapy for Prostate Cancer

As reported by Mason et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, long-term survival results of the UK-based, multiarm, multistage platform–design STAMPEDE trial showed no survival benefit with the addition of celecoxib or celecoxib plus zoledronic acid in men initiating long-term hormone...

Multiple Myeloma

Adding Bortezomib to Lenalidomide/Dexamethasone Improves Survival in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma

In the phase III SWOG S0777 trial reported in The Lancet, Brian G.M. Durie, MD, of Cedars-Sinai Samuel Oschin Cancer Center, and colleagues found that adding bor­tezomib ­(Velcade) to lenalidomide (Revlimid)/dexamethasone improved progression-free and overall survival in patients with newly...

Lung Cancer

Markedly Improved Progression-Free Survival With First-Line Ceritinib vs Platinum Chemotherapy in ALK-Rearranged NSCLC

In the phase III ASCEND-4 trial reported in The Lancet, Jean-Charles Soria, MD, of Institut Gustave Roussy, and colleagues found that ceritinib (Zykadia) improved progression-free survival vs platinum-based chemotherapy in the first-line treatment of advanced anaplastic lymphoma kinase...

Multikinase Inhibitor Treatment Responses in Patients With RET-Rearranged NSCLC

In a report from the Global, Multicenter RET Registry in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Gautschi et al documented response rates with multikinase RET inhibitors in patients with RET-rearranged non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Study Details The study involved registry data (through...

Suboptimal BMD Evaluation in Postmenopausal Women With Early-Stage Breast Cancer Receiving Aromatase Inhibitors

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Stratton et al found that most postmenopausal Medicare patients with early-stage breast cancer receiving aromatase inhibitor therapy do not receive recommended bone mineral density (BMD) measurements. Most expert panels recommend BMD...

Adding Vandetanib to Gemcitabine in Locally Advanced or Metastatic Pancreatic Carcinoma

In a UK phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Middleton et al found that adding the multi–tyrosine kinase inhibitor vandetanib (Caprelsa) to gemcitabine did not improve overall survival in patients with previously untreated locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic carcinoma. Study ...

Risk of Second Cancer in Hodgkin Lymphoma Survivors

In a study in the Swedish population reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Sud et al found an increased risk of second cancers in survivors of Hodgkin lymphoma. Risk was further augmented in those with first-degree relatives with a cancer diagnosis. Study Details The study used data from...

Testosterone Replacement Therapy and Risk of Prostate Cancer

In a Swedish study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Loeb et al found that use of testosterone replacement therapy was not associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer and was associated with a lower risk of aggressive cancer among men developing the disease. Study Details The ...

Japanese Phase II Trial of Nivolumab in Previously Treated Advanced Esophageal Cancer

In a Japanese phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Kudo et al found that nivolumab (Opdivo) had activity in heavily pretreated patients with advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Study Details In the study, with enrollment between February and November 2014, 65 patients...

Association of Metformin Use for Diabetes With Outcomes in HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

In an analysis from the phase III ALTTO trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Sonnenblick et al found that among patients receiving adjuvant therapy for HER2-positive breast cancer, those with diabetes who received metformin had better outcomes than those who did not receive...

Dexamethasone Mouthwash in Preventing Everolimus-Related Stomatitis in Women With Breast Cancer

In the phase II SWISH study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Rugo et al found that use of a dexamethasone-based mouthwash may prevent everolimus-related stomatitis in postmenopausal women receiving everolimus (Afinitor) for hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer....

Belgian Study Combines BRAF and MEK Inhibition in Advanced BRAF 600–Mutant Melanoma

In a Belgian two-center phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Schreuer et al found that rechallenge with the BRAF inhibitor dabrafenib (Tafinlar) and the MEK inhibitor trametinib (Mekinist) showed activity in patients with BRAF V600–mutant melanoma whose disease had progressed on...

Adding Temozolomide to Short-Course Radiotherapy in Older Patients With Glioblastoma

In a phase III trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Perry et al found that adding temozolomide to short-course radiotherapy improved overall survival in patients aged ≥ 65 years with newly diagnosed glioblastoma. The survival advantage was largest among patients with methylated ...

Common Genetic Variation and Risk of Gallbladder Cancer in India

Several single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the chromosomal region containing both ABCB1 and ABCB4 genes were associated with an increased risk of gallbladder cancer, in an Indian case-control genome-wide association study reported in The Lancet Oncology by Mhatre et al. Study Details The study...

Antisense Oligonucleotide Custirsen Combined With Docetaxel and Prednisone in Metastatic Prostate Cancer

In the phase III SYNERGY trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Chi et al found that the addition of the second-generation antisense oligonucleotide custirsen to docetaxel and prednisone did not improve overall survival in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Custirsen...

Association of DNA Thioguanine Nucleotide Concentration and Outcome During Maintenance Therapy for Childhood ALL

In a substudy of a European phase III trial (Nordic Society of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology ALL2008) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Nygaard Nielsen et al found that higher leukocyte DNA-incorporated thioguanine nucleotide (DNA-TGN) levels were associated with an improved relapse-free...

Busulfan and Melphalan vs Carboplatin, Etoposide, and Melphalan in High-Risk Neuroblastoma

In a phase III trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Ladenstein et al found that high-dose chemotherapy with busulfan and melphalan vs carboplatin, etoposide, and melphalan was associated with an improved event-free survival in patients with high-risk neuroblastoma and adequate disease response to ...

Factors Associated With Early Death in Childhood Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Green et al found that risk factors for death within 1 month of diagnosis of childhood cancer included age up to 1 year, specific diagnoses, and minority race/ethnicity. The study involved analysis of data from SEER (Surveillance,...

Cancer Care Ontario and ASCO Clinical Practice Guideline: Use of Adjuvant Bisphosphonates and Other Bone-Modifying Agents in Breast Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Dhesy-Thind, ofJuravinski Cancer Centre, Hamilton Health Sciences, and colleagues, Cancer Care Ontario and ASCO have issued a clinical practice guideline on the use of adjuvant bisphosphonates and other bone-modifying agents in breast cancer. The...

Benefit of Imatinib in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Persists Long Term in IRIS Trial

Long-term follow-up of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) randomized to imatinib in the IRIS trial was reported by Hochhaus et al in The New England Journal of Medicine. In the open-label crossover-design trial, 1,106 patients with CML were randomized to receive imatinib at 400 mg/d (n = ...

European Cohort Study of Vasectomy and Prostate Cancer Risk

In a large European cohort study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Smith Byrne et al found that vasectomy was not associated with an increased overall risk of prostate cancer or death from prostate cancer but appeared to increase the risk of lower-grade disease. Other studies have...

Binimetinib vs Dacarbazine: Which Was More Effective in NRAS-Mutant Melanoma?

In the phase III NEMO trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Dummer et al found that treatment with the MEK inhibitor binimetinib improved progression-free survival vs dacarbazine in patients with advanced NRAS-mutant melanoma. Study Details In the open-label trial, 402 patients from 118 sites in ...

Evidence of Stage Shift in Ovarian Cancer Detected in UK Screening Study

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Rosenthal et al found evidence of a shift to an earlier stage among ovarian cancers detected in high-risk women in the UK Familial Ovarian Cancer Screening Study. Study Details The study was performed to evaluate performance of screening using...

Blinatumomab vs Chemotherapy in Advanced Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

In the phase III TOWER trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Kantarjian et al found that blinatumomab (Blincyto) treatment improved overall survival vs chemotherapy in heavily pretreated patients with B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Blinatumomab received...

Use of Evidence-Based Prostate Cancer Imaging in an Integrated Health-Care System

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Salloum et al found that use of nonindicated imaging for diagnostic staging of low-risk prostate cancer in a nonprofit integrated health-care system remained common but has decreased in frequency. As noted by the authors: “The overuse...

Dutch Study Examines Effect of Internet-Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on Sexual Functioning in Breast Cancer Survivors

In a Dutch study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Hummel et al found that use of an Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy intervention improved sexual functioning among breast cancer survivors. Study Details In the study, 169 women with a diagnosis of sexual dysfunction from 10 ...

UK Trial Shows No Survival Benefit in Adding Pravastatin to Standard Chemotherapy in Small Cell Lung Cancer

In the UK phase III LUNGSTAR study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Seckl et al found that adding pravastatin to first-line standard chemotherapy did not improve overall survival in patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC). Numerous large prospective cohort and registry studies...

Lymphoma

Ibrutinib in Marginal Zone Lymphoma

On January 19, ibrutinib (Imbruvica) was granted accelerated approved for treatment of patients with marginal zone lymphoma who require systemic therapy and have received at least one prior anti-CD20–based therapy.1 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was based on overall response rate in a...

Cisplatin-Based Chemotherapy in Pediatric Extracranial Malignant Germ Cell Tumors

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Shaikh et al, of the Children’s Oncology Group, found that event-free survival rates were not maintained with the use of reduced and compressed cisplatin-based regimens in children and adolescents with intermediate-risk extracranial...

Osimertinib in EGFR Inhibitor–Pretreated T790M-Positive Advanced NSCLC

In the phase II extension component of the phase I/II AURA trial, reported by Yang et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, osimertinib (Tagrisso) was found to be highly active in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor–pretreated T790M-positive advanced...

Neoadjuvant Dual HER2 Blockade in HER2-Enriched Early Breast Cancer

In the Spanish phase II PAMELA study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Llombart-Cussac et al found that the HER2-enriched subtype was associated with the highest likelihood of pathologic complete response after neoadjuvant trastuzumab (Herceptin) and lapatinib (Tykerb) without chemotherapy in...

Breast Cancer

Phase III Trial Shows Improved Progression-Free Survival With Fulvestrant vs Anastrozole in Advanced Breast Cancer

In the international phase III ­FALCON trial, reported in The Lancet, John F.R. Robertson, MD, of the University of Nottingham, United Kingdom, and colleagues found that progression-free survival was improved with intramuscular fulvestrant (Faslodex) vs oral anastrozole in endocrine therapy–naive...

Risk of Adverse Health Outcomes in Testicular Cancer Survivors After Cisplatin-Based Chemotherapy

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Fung et al found that although adverse health outcomes were common among testicular cancer survivors, there did not appear to be differences in such outcomes according to chemotherapy regimens commonly used to treat favorable-risk disease....

Late Relapse of Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma in German Hodgkin Study Group Trials

In an analysis of German Hodgkin Study Group trials reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Bröckelmann et al found that the cumulative incidence of late relapse in patients with classical Hodgkin lymphoma was 6.9% at 20 years and that late relapse was more common among those with...

ASCO Endorses ACS Head and Neck Cancer Survivorship Care Guideline

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Larissa Nekhlyudov, MD, MPH, of Brigham & Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, and colleagues, ASCO has endorsed the 2016 American Cancer Society (ACS) guideline on head and neck cancer survivorship care. The endorsement was based on ...

Decreasing but Still Elevated Risk for Subsequent Neoplasms in Survivors of Childhood Cancers

In a retrospective multicenter cohort study reported in JAMA, Turcotte et al found that the risk for subsequent neoplasms in 5-year survivors of childhood cancers decreased between those diagnosed in the 1970s vs the 1990s but nevertheless remained elevated vs expected incidence. The reduced risk...

Financial Stress in Patients With Locally Advanced Head and Neck Cancer

In a single-institution study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, de Souza et al found that two-thirds of patients with locally advanced head and neck cancer had to use a financial coping strategy to help pay for care within the first 6 months of treatment. Study Details The study...

Can Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors Reverse Resistance to Angiogenesis Inhibitors?

In a phase I study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Aggarwal et al found evidence that the histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor abexinostat may act to reverse resistance to the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitor pazopanib (Votrient) via epigenetic modulation of VEGF in ...

Nivolumab in Previously Treated Unresectable Metastatic Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Anal Canal

In a phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Morris et al found that nivolumab (Opdivo) was active in previously treated unresectable metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal. This malignancy is associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, with the rationale for...

Effect of Scalp Cooling on Hair Loss in Women Receiving Nonanthracycline Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer

In a prospective cohort study reported in JAMA, Rugo et al found that use of a scalp-cooling device reduced hair loss in women receiving nonanthracycline chemotherapy for early-stage breast cancer. Study Details In the study, 101 evaluable patients from 5 U.S. centers with stage I or II breast...

Hormone Maintenance Therapy in Low-Grade Serous Cancer of the Ovary or Peritoneum

In a single-institution experience reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Gershenson et al at MD Anderson Cancer Center found that hormonal maintenance therapy was associated with improved progression-free survival among women with stage II to IV low-grade serous carcinoma of the ovary or...

Adding Rituximab to Standard Therapy in Interim PET–Positive Advanced Hodgkin Lymphoma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Borchmann et al, a phase III German Hodgkin Study Group trial in advanced Hodgkin lymphoma showed no progression-free survival benefit of adding rituximab (Rituxan) in patients with positive positron-emission tomography (PET) findings after two courses (PET-2)...

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