Search Results



Your search for Matthew Stenger matches 3014 pages

Showing 1 - 50


colorectal cancer

Primary Tumor Location and Outcomes in Stage III Colon Cancer According to RAS- and BRAF-Mutation Status

  In a study in the PETACC-8 trial population reported in JAMA Oncology, Taieb et al found that the risk of recurrence in patients with stage III colon cancer differed for the primary tumor location according to RAS- and BRAF-mutation status. Study Details A total of 2,559 patients were...

solid tumors

Anti–PD-L1 Antibody in Advanced Urothelial Carcinoma After Platinum Failure

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Patel et al, the anti–programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) antibody avelumab (Bavencio) produced durable responses in patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma after failure of platinum-based therapy in two expansion cohorts of...

head and neck cancer

Number of Metastatic Lymph Nodes and Survival in Hypopharyngeal/Laryngeal Cancer

A study using National Cancer Database data has shown that the number of metastatic nodes is a primary independent factor associated with an increased mortality risk in patients with hypopharyngeal and laryngeal cancers. The study was reported in JAMA Oncology by Ho et al. Study Details The study ...

kidney cancer

Prognostic Factors in Stage III Favorable-Histology Wilms Tumor

An analysis from the Children’s Oncology Group Study AREN0532 reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Fernandez et al showed that positive lymph nodes and loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at chromosome 1p or 16q are associated with poorer event-free survival in patients with stage III...

breast cancer

Hormonal Contraception and Breast Cancer Risk

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Mørch et al, a Danish study has shown that the risk of breast cancer is increased in hormonal contraception users vs nonusers, with the absolute increase in risk being small. Study Details The study assessed the association between the...

prostate cancer

Novel Clinical-Genomic Risk Group Classification for Localized Prostate Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Spratt et al have developed an integrated clinical-genomic risk classifier for predicting distant metastasis in patients with localized prostate cancer. The classifier uses National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN) risk categories and risk...

survivorship

Prevalence of Prior Cancer in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Cancer

In a study using Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) data reported in JAMA Oncology, Murphy et al found that among persons newly diagnosed with cancer, 25% of those aged ≥ 65 years and 11% of those aged < 65 years had a history of a prior primary cancer. Prevalence of Prior...

breast cancer

BELLE-3 Trial: Combination Therapy in Resistant Advanced Breast Cancer

The phase III BELLE-3 trial has shown prolonged progression-free survival but a worse safety profile with the addition of the pan-phosphoinositide 3-kinase inhibitor buparlisib to fulvestrant (Faslodex) in postmenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative advanced breast...

pancreatic cancer

Identification of Cystic Precursors to Pancreatic Cancer Using Targeted Mass Spectrometry

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Jabbar et al found that mass spectroscopy proteomic analysis of the pancreatic cyst fluid biomarkers mucin-5AC (MUC5AC), mucin-2 (MUC2), and prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA) identified cystic pancreatic cancers and precursor lesions with...

solid tumors
breast cancer

AKT Inhibitor Ipatasertib in Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

The randomized phase II LOTUS trial has shown improved progression-free survival with the addition of the AKT inhibitor ipatasertib to paclitaxel in the first-line treatment of metastatic triple-negative breast cancer. These results were reported by Sung-Bae Kim, MD, of the University of Ulsan...

solid tumors
breast cancer

Partial-Breast and Reduced-Dose Radiotherapy After Breast-Conserving Surgery

The UK IMPORT LOW phase III trial has shown noninferiority in local relapse for partial-breast and reduced-dose vs standard whole-breast radiotherapy after breast-conserving surgery in early breast cancer. These study results were reported by Charlotte E. Coles, PhD, of the University of...

solid tumors
head and neck cancer

Radiotherapy Fractionation for Head and Neck Cancers

An update of the Meta-Analysis of Radiotherapy in Squamous Cell Carcinomas of Head and Neck (MARCH) showed that hyperfractionated radiotherapy maintained a survival advantage over conventional radiotherapy in head and neck cancers. The findings were reported in The Lancet Oncology by Lacas et al....

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

Asparaginase-Associated Pancreatitis in Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

An observational study reported in The Lancet Oncology by -Wolthers et al in the Ponte di Legno Toxicity Working Group identified characteristics and the course of asparaginase-associated pancreatitis in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Kjeld Schmiegelow, MD, of The University Hospital...

hematologic malignancies

Liposome-Encapsulated Daunorubicin and Cytarabine for AML Subtypes

On August 3, 2017, a liposome-encapsulated combination of daunorubicin and cytarabine (Vyxeos) was approved for treatment of adults with newly diagnosed therapy-related acute lymphoblastic leukemia (AML) or AML with myelodysplasia-related changes.1,2 This is the first U.S. Food and Drug...

hematologic malignancies

Ibrutinib in Chronic Graft-vs-Host Disease

On August 2, 2017, ibrutinib (Imbruvica) was approved for treatment of adult patients with chronic graft-vs-host disease after failure of one or more lines of systemic therapy.1,2 This is the first U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved therapy for treatment of chronic graft-vs-host...

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma

Acalabrutinib in Previously Treated Mantle Cell Lymphoma

On October 31, 2017, the Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor acalabrutinib (Calquence) was granted accelerated approval for treatment of adult patients with mantle cell lymphoma who have received at least one prior therapy.1,2 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was based on objective response...

solid tumors
gynecologic cancers

Olaparib Tablets for Maintenance Treatment in Ovarian Cancer

On August 17, 2017, olaparib -(Lynparza) in tablet form was granted regular approval for maintenance treatment of adult patients with recurrent epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer who are in complete or partial response to platinum-based chemotherapy.1,2 Olaparib...

head and neck cancer

ASCO Clinical Practice Guideline Update: Use of Larynx-Preservation Strategies in the Treatment of Laryngeal Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Arlene A. Forastiere, MD, of The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins, and colleagues, ASCO has issued a clinical practice guideline update on the use of larynx-preservation strategies in the treatment of laryngeal cancer. The ...

solid tumors

First-Line Pembrolizumab in Cisplatin-Ineligible Advanced Urothelial Cancer

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Arjun V. Balar, MD, of Perlmutter Cancer Center of New York York Langone Medical Center, and colleagues, first-line pembrolizumab (Keytruda) produced durable responses in cisplatin-ineligible patients with locally advanced and unresectable or metastatic...

supportive care

Intravenous Rolapitant for Chemotherapy-Induced Delayed Nausea and Vomiting

On October 25, 2017, intravenous (IV) rolapitant (Varubi) was approved for use in combination with other antiemetic agents in adults for the prevention of delayed nausea and vomiting associated with initial and repeat courses of emetogenic cancer chemotherapy, including but not limited to highly...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

Dasatinib in Pediatric Patients With Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

On November 9, 2017, dasatinib (Sprycel) was granted regular approval for treatment of pediatric patients with Philadelphia chromosome–positive chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in chronic phase.1,2 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was based on findings among 97 pediatric patients with chronic-phase...

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma

Obinutuzumab-Based First-Line Treatment Improves Progression-Free Survival vs Rituximab-Based Treatment in Follicular Lymphoma

In the phase III GALLIUM trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Robert Marcus, MBBS, of University College London, and colleagues, obinutuzumab (Gazyva)-based therapy significantly prolonged progression-free survival vs rituximab (Rituxan)-based therapy in patients with previously ...

hematologic malignancies

ASCO Clinical Practice Guideline Update: Platelet Transfusion for Patients With Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Charles A. Schiffer, MD, of Karmanos Cancer Institute, Wayne State University School of Medicine, and colleagues, ASCO has issued a clinical practice guideline update on platelet transfusions in patients with cancer. The updated guideline replaces ...

issues in oncology

HPV Vaccination and Oral HPV Infections in Young Adults in the United States

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Chaturvedi et al found that whereas prophylactic human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination has reduced the incidence of oral HPV infection in young adults compared with no vaccination, low uptake of the vaccine has resulted in a modest overall...

hepatobiliary cancer

FGFR Kinase Inhibitor in FGFR-Altered Advanced Cholangiocarcinoma

In a phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Javle et al found that the oral pan-fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) kinase inhibitor BGJ398 was active in FGFR-altered advanced cholangiocarcinoma. It is estimated that FGFR2 fusions/translocations are present in 13% to 17%...

cns cancers

Phase III Trial of Combination Therapy for Progressive Glioblastoma

In a phase III trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Wick et al found that adding bevacizumab (Avastin) to lomustine at first disease progression did not improve overall survival in patients with progressive glioblastoma. Study Details In the trial, 437 patients with disease...

breast cancer

Neoadjuvant Regimens Compared in HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

The phase III KRISTINE trial has shown that neoadjuvant therapy with docetaxel, carboplatin, and trastuzumab (Herceptin) plus pertuzumab (Perjeta) resulted in a higher pathologic complete response rate vs ado-trastuzumab emtansine (Kadcyla) plus pertuzumab, as well as a higher incidence of severe...

multiple myeloma

Tandem Autologous/Allogeneic HCT With Maintenance Therapy in High-Risk Myeloma

In a phase II study reported in Blood Advances, Green et al found that tandem autologous/allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) followed by bortezomib (Velcade) maintenance produced good results in patients with newly diagnosed high-risk multiple myeloma. Poorer outcomes were observed...

lung cancer

Combination Therapy for Previously Untreated Stage IV NSCLC

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Herbst et al, the phase III SWOG S0819 trial showed no overall benefit of adding cetuximab (Erbitux) to carboplatin/paclitaxel both with and without bevacizumab (Avastin) in patients with previously untreated stage IV non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). A ...

breast cancer

Extended Intermittent vs Continuous Adjuvant Therapy for Postmenopausal Women With Breast Cancer

The phase III SOLE trial has shown no disease-free survival benefit with extended intermittent vs continuous adjuvant letrozole in postmenopausal women with breast cancer. These findings were reported by Colleoni et al in The Lancet Oncology. As noted by the investigators, the findings suggest an...

lung cancer

EU Expert Group Releases Position Statement on Lung Cancer Screening in Europe

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Oudkerk et al, a European Union (EU) expert group has issued a position statement on low-dose computed tomography (CT) screening for lung cancer, proposing a near-term phased implementation of screening in high-risk regions within 18 months and extension to all ...

issues in oncology

Discussion of Cancer Prognosis and the Patient-Physician Relationship

In a longitudinal cohort study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Fenton et al found that discussion of cancer prognosis between oncologists and patients did not worsen patient judgment of the quality of the patient-physician relationship. Study Details The study involved 265 adult...

gastroesophageal cancer

Quality of Life With Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy in Esophageal/Esophagogastric Junction Cancer

An analysis in the Dutch Chemoradiotherapy for Esophageal Cancer Followed by Surgery Study (CROSS) reported by Noordman et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology showed no adverse effect of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy vs surgery alone on postsurgery health-related quality of life in patients with ...

lung cancer

Comparison of EGFR Inhibitors in Untreated Advanced EGFR-Mutant NSCLC

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Soria et al, the phase III FLAURA trial has shown a significant progression-free survival benefit with the third-generation epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) osimertinib (Tagrisso) vs standard EGFR TKIs in...

colorectal cancer

Association of Fiber Intake After Colorectal Cancer Diagnosis and Survival

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Song et al found that higher fiber intake after diagnosis of nonmetastatic colorectal cancer is associated with improved colorectal cancer–specific and overall survival. The benefit was also observed with a higher intake of whole grains. Study Details...

gastroesophageal cancer

Immunotherapy in Advanced Esophageal Carcinoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Doi et al, pembrolizumab (Keytruda) showed activity in patients with previously treated advanced esophageal carcinoma in the phase Ib multicohort KEYNOTE-028 study. Study Details In the study, eligible patients with squamous cell carcinoma or...

lung cancer

Adjuvant Chemotherapy With or Without Monoclonal Antibody in Resected NSCLC

The phase III E1505 trial has shown no benefit of adding bevacizumab (Avastin) to adjuvant therapy in early-stage resected non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). These results were reported by Wakelee et al in The Lancet Oncology. Study Details In the open-label trial, 1,501 patients from...

gynecologic cancers

Olaparib Tablets as Maintenance in BRCA1/2-Mutant Relapsed Ovarian Cancer

A phase III trial (SOLO2/ENGOT-Ov21) has shown improved progression-free survival with an olaparib tablet formulation vs placebo as maintenance therapy in patients with BRCA1/2-mutant platinum-sensitive relapsed ovarian cancer. These study results were reported by Eric Pujade-Lauraine, MD, of the...

prostate cancer

Health-Related Quality of Life With Immediate vs Delayed ADT in Prostate Cancer

In a health-related quality-of-life study among patients in the phase III TOAD trial, immediate vs delayed androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) was associated with early worsening of androgen-deprivation therapy–related symptoms but few other comparative adverse effects on functioning or quality of...

prostate cancer

Bone-Targeted Therapies for Men With Prostate Cancer Receiving Androgen-Deprivation Therapy

Among men diagnosed with prostate cancer, about one in two will receive androgen-deprivation therapy, which is associated with many potential adverse side effects, including significant bone loss and increased risk for low trauma or fragility fractures similar to those found in people with primary ...

prostate cancer

Adverse Pathologic Findings in Low-Volume Intermediate-Risk Prostate Cancer

In a single-center analysis reported in JAMA Oncology, Hiten D. Patel, MD, MPH, of The James Buchanan Brady Urological Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, and colleagues found that among men undergoing elective radical prostatectomy, those with low-volume intermediate-risk...

prostate cancer

Comparison of Circulating Tumor DNA and Metastatic Tissue Biopsy in Identifying Mutations in Prostate Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Wyatt et al found high agreement between driver mutations in plasma circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) and metastatic tissue biopsy in castration-resistant prostate cancer. Martin Gleave, MD, and Alexander Wyatt, DPhil, of Vancouver...

hepatobiliary cancer

Nivolumab in Hepatocellular Carcinoma Previously Treated With Sorafenib

ON SEPTEMBER 22, 2017, nivolumab (Opdivo) was granted accelerated approval for treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma in patients previously treated with sorafenib (Nexavar).1,2  Supporting Efficacy Data  APPROVAL WAS based on findings in a 154-patient subgroup of the CheckMate 040 trial consisting...

solid tumors
breast cancer

Surgeon-Initiated Gene-Expression Profile Testing in Early-Stage Breast Cancer Reduces Time to Start of Chemotherapy

In a single-center study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Katya Losk, MPH, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and colleagues found that an intervention including surgeon initiation of gene-expression profile testing with Oncotype DX significantly reduced the time to testing, receipt of...

solid tumors
gastrointestinal cancer

Pembrolizumab in Advanced Gastric Cancer

On September 22, 2017, pembrolizumab (Keytruda) was granted accelerated approval for treatment of recurrent locally advanced or metastatic, gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma with tumors expressing programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1), as determined by a U.S. Food and Drug...

leukemia

Constructing a Risk Stratification Model for Pediatric Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, O’Connor et al combined genetic subtypes and minimal residual disease as a continuous variable to construct a risk stratification model for pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Study Details The study involved a...

breast cancer

Long-Term Risk of Breast Cancer Recurrence After 5 Years of Endocrine Therapy

In a meta-analysis reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Pan et al for the Early Breast Cancer Trialists’ Collaborative Group (EBCTCG), it was found that breast cancer recurs at a steady incidence following cessation of adjuvant endocrine therapy after 5 years, with the risk...

gynecologic cancers

Predictors of Cervical Precancer Treatment Failure

In a meta-analysis reported in The Lancet Oncology, Arbyn et al found that posttreatment high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) testing was a better predictor of recurrence of high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia of grade 2 or higher (CIN2+) than incomplete cervical excision. Study Details ...

breast cancer

Antidepressant for Aromatase Inhibitor–Associated Arthralgia in Early-Stage Breast Cancer

The phase III SWOG S1202 trial has shown benefit of the antidepressant agent duloxetine in reducing aromatase inhibitor–associated joint pain in women with early-stage breast cancer. These results were reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Henry et al. Study Details In the...

lung cancer

Patient-Reported Outcomes With Immunotherapy vs Chemotherapy in Advanced NSCLC

Pembrolizumab (Keytruda) treatment was associated with improved or maintained health-related quality of life vs platinum-based chemotherapy in the phase III KEYNOTE-024 trial in advanced programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1)–positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). These findings...

Advertisement



Advertisement


Advertisement