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Vertical Roentgenography: Patient of James T. Case, MD

This image of fluoroscopy documents modern cancer diagnostic possibilities. It is in startling contrast to the photograph of fluoroscopy taken a decade earlier. Published by James T. Case, MD, in 1914 to illustrate his book Stereoroentgenography of the Alimentary Tract, it presents the advances in ...

gynecologic cancers

Olaparib Tablets as Maintenance in BRCA1/2-Mutant Relapsed Ovarian Cancer

A phase III trial (SOLO2/ENGOT-Ov21) has shown improved progression-free survival with an olaparib tablet formulation vs placebo as maintenance therapy in patients with BRCA1/2-mutant platinum-sensitive relapsed ovarian cancer. These study results were reported by Eric Pujade-Lauraine, MD, of the...

prostate cancer

Health-Related Quality of Life With Immediate vs Delayed ADT in Prostate Cancer

In a health-related quality-of-life study among patients in the phase III TOAD trial, immediate vs delayed androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) was associated with early worsening of androgen-deprivation therapy–related symptoms but few other comparative adverse effects on functioning or quality of...

prostate cancer

Bone-Targeted Therapies for Men With Prostate Cancer Receiving Androgen-Deprivation Therapy

Among men diagnosed with prostate cancer, about one in two will receive androgen-deprivation therapy, which is associated with many potential adverse side effects, including significant bone loss and increased risk for low trauma or fragility fractures similar to those found in people with primary ...

Donald Coffey, PhD, Cancer Pioneer, Dies at 85

Donald Coffey, PhD, a distinguished Johns Hopkins Professor and prostate cancer expert, who was the former Director of the Brady Urological Research Laboratory and Deputy Director of the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center, died on November 9, 2017, at the age of 85. In his more than 50 years at...

prostate cancer

Adverse Pathologic Findings in Low-Volume Intermediate-Risk Prostate Cancer

In a single-center analysis reported in JAMA Oncology, Hiten D. Patel, MD, MPH, of The James Buchanan Brady Urological Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, and colleagues found that among men undergoing elective radical prostatectomy, those with low-volume intermediate-risk...

prostate cancer

Comparison of Circulating Tumor DNA and Metastatic Tissue Biopsy in Identifying Mutations in Prostate Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Wyatt et al found high agreement between driver mutations in plasma circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) and metastatic tissue biopsy in castration-resistant prostate cancer. Martin Gleave, MD, and Alexander Wyatt, DPhil, of Vancouver...

James R. Downing, MD, to Present the 2017 ASH E. Donnall Thomas Lecture

The American Society of Hematology (ASH) will honor James R. Downing, MD, of St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, with the 2017 E. Donnall Thomas Lecture and Prize for his discoveries related to the hematopathology and molecular biology of childhood leukemia. This lectureship and prize is named...

hematologic malignancies
breast cancer
lung cancer
lymphoma

FDA Approvals in November 2017: Novel Drugs, New Indications

THE U.S. FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION (FDA) approved a number of novel drugs and new indications in November 2017. Several of them are listed here.  Fulvestrant/Abemaciclib Combination in Breast Cancer  ON NOVEMBER 15 , the FDA approved fulvestrant (Faslodex) in combination with abemaciclib...

cns cancers

Gene Therapy Shows Early Efficacy Against Recurrent Brain Cancer

MORE THAN A QUARTER of patients with recurrent high-grade glioma treated with the retroviral vector Toca 511 and the prodrug of the chemotherapy fluorouracil (5-FU), Toca FC, were alive more than 3 years after treatment, according to data from a subset of patients in a phase I clinical trial, Toca ...

Luigi Naldini, MD, PhD, and Marina Cavazzana, MD, PhD, to Present 2017 ASH Ernest Beutler Lecture

THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF HEMATOLOGY (ASH) will honor Luigi Naldini, MD, PhD, of the San Raffaele Telethon Institute for Gene Therapy in Milan, and Marina Cavazzana, MD, PhD, of Paris Descartes University, Necker-Enfants Malades Hospital, and Imagine Institute of Genetic Diseases, AP-HP, Inserm in...

solid tumors

The Runner

The following essay by Robert J. Green, MD, is adapted, with permission, from The Big Casino: America’s Best Cancer Doctors Share Their Most Powerful Stories, which was coedited by Stan Winokur, MD, and Vincent Coppola and published in May 2014. The book is available on Amazon.com and...

A Vivid Look Back, a Cogent Look Forward

Cancer memoirs come in a variety of literary styles and voices. Not surprisingly, the most poignant cancer memoirs are by those who are writing, in essence, their final words before departing this earth. The most widely read of that variety has been the beautifully written best seller When Breath...

hepatobiliary cancer

Nivolumab in Hepatocellular Carcinoma Previously Treated With Sorafenib

ON SEPTEMBER 22, 2017, nivolumab (Opdivo) was granted accelerated approval for treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma in patients previously treated with sorafenib (Nexavar).1,2  Supporting Efficacy Data  APPROVAL WAS based on findings in a 154-patient subgroup of the CheckMate 040 trial consisting...

issues in oncology
pain management

EXPECT QUESTIONS ABOUT THE RISK OF OPIOID ADDICTION

INTENSE MEDIA COVERAGE of the opioid crisis has ranged from the dire statistics of addiction and death to some hopeful stories of treatment and recovery, but what may raise questions and concerns are the reports of people who start with a prescription opioid and then in a few weeks or months are...

pain management

Relieving Pain During an Opioid Epidemic

“WE’VE GOT A CHALLENGING TIME right now, trying to relieve pain during the time of an opioid epidemic,” Judith A. Paice, RN, PhD, acknowledged at the 2017 Lynn Sage Breast Cancer Symposium in Chicago.1 She cited a recent study reporting that up to 40% of cancer survivors are living with pain, and...

hematologic malignancies

Recent Study Findings in Hematologic Malignancies

HERE IS A BRIEF LOOK at the study findings and clinical implications of several recent and important clinical trials in neoplastic hematology. Attention is focused on clonal myeloid disorders, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, lymphoma, and plasma cell dyscrasias.  Clonal Myeloid Disorders  STUDY:...

NIH Partners With 11 Biopharmaceutical Companies on PACT Collaboration

On October 12, 2017, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and 11 leading biopharmaceutical companies launched the Partnership for Accelerating Cancer Therapies (PACT), a 5-year public-private research collaboration totaling $215 million as part of the Cancer Moonshot. PACT will initially focus...

solid tumors
lung cancer

New Interdisciplinary Lung Cancer Center at NYU Langone Health

The Perlmutter Cancer Center at New York University (NYU) Langone Health, a National Cancer Institute–designated center, has announced the creation of a new interdisciplinary center bringing together new and existing programs to study, diagnose, treat, and prevent the nation’s leading cancer: lung ...

solid tumors
breast cancer
issues in oncology
health-care policy

Health-Care Access Unlikely to Explain Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Breast Cancer Outcomes

Even with equivalent access to care, black patients with breast cancer may fare worse than white patients with breast cancer, according to Lawrence H. Kushi, ScD, Director of Scientific Policy at the Kaiser Permanente Northern California Division of Research in Oakland. “Accounting for...

issues in oncology

Experts Address Cancer Health Disparities in Facebook Live Session at AACR Meeting

Although it has long been known that certain cancer types disproportionately affect individuals from underserved and underrepresented populations, the sources of these disparities are still not entirely clear. In a “Facebook Live” session at the 2017 American Association for Cancer Research (AACR)...

issues in oncology
hematologic malignancies
solid tumors

Reports From JCO and JOP

Staying up-to-date with peer-reviewed oncology literature is a daunting task. To assist readers, The ASCO Post has summarized a number of studies recently published in the Journal of Oncology Practice (JOP) and the Journal of Clinical Oncology (JCO). Survival as Quality Metric in Cancer Care In a...

ASH Honors Josef T. Prchal, MD, and Sherrill J. Slichter, MD, With 2017 Henry M. Stratton Medal

THE AMERICAN SOCIETY of Hematology (ASH) will recognize Josef T. Prchal, MD, of the University of Utah, and Sherrill J. Slichter, MD, of Bloodworks Northwest and the University of Washington, with the 2017 Henry M. Stratton Medal for their seminal contributions in the areas of basic and clinical/ ...

ASH Honors Benjamin L. Ebert, MD, PhD, With the 2017 William Dameshek Prize

THE AMERICAN Society of Hematology (ASH) will present the 2017 William Dameshek Prize to Benjamin L. Ebert, MD, PhD, of Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute for his seminal discoveries in multiple areas of nonmalignant and malignant hematology....

Parker Institute, Dana-Farber Collaboration

The Parker Institute for Cancer Immunotherapy announced that researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute have joined its network. Dana-Farber brings a team of experts who will collaborate with Parker Institute investigators to enhance and expand research projects and clinical trials. Dana-Farber’s...

supportive care
palliative care
cost of care
issues in oncology

Palliative Care Intervention Reduces Total Health-Care Costs in Patients With Advanced Cancer

A matched case-controlled study among Medicare beneficiaries with metastatic lung, colorectal, breast, and prostate cancers has found that palliative care consultation significantly reduced total health-care costs following intervention. According to data presented at the 2017 Palliative and...

integrative oncology

University of Michigan Medical School Launches Integrative Oncology Scholars Program

THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN Medical School in Ann Arbor recently received a $1,167,943 5-year grant from the National Cancer Institute to launch the Integrative Oncology Scholars Program. The goal of the program is to teach oncology health-care providers how to evaluate the scientific evidence of...

supportive care
palliative care

Digital Palliative Care Curriculum Improves Knowledge, Skills, and Opioid Prescribing Behavior

A new electronic curriculum delivered via e-mail with push technology may provide an efficient, cost-effective solution to the shortage of palliative care faculty serving the nation’s oncology fellowship programs. According to data presented at the 2017 Palliative and Supportive Care in Oncology...

supportive care
palliative care

Early Integrated Palliative Care Improves Patient Coping Strategies, Quality of Life, and Symptoms of Depression

A new study has shed light on how palliative care interventions may improve patient outcomes. According to data presented at the 2017 Palliative and Supportive Care in Oncology Symposium,1 patients with incurable cancer who received early integrated palliative care had an increased use of active...

genomics/genetics

Role of the E7 Gene in High-Risk HPV

NATIONAL CANCER INSTITUTE (NCI) researchers have found that for the most common high-risk type of human papillomavirus (HPV) to cause cervical cancer, an important viral gene may need to have a precise DNA sequence. The findings, published by Mirabello et al in Cell,1 contribute to a better...

issues in oncology

Fleeing a Revolution, Becoming an Oncologist

Nicaragua, situated between Costa Rica and Honduras, is the poorest country in Central America. Following the U.S. occupation in 1912, the Somoza family began a brutal political dynasty that would end in 1979 during the bloody Nicaraguan Revolution.  Marcela G. del Carmen, MD, MPH, Chief Medical...

supportive care
palliative care

Advancing Care Across the Cancer Continuum

Addressing the need to integrate palliative and supportive care practices into medical specialties to ensure optimal patient-centered care across the cancer continuum and the evidence-based remedies to accomplish that goal were the focus of the nearly 300 study abstracts presented at the 2017...

integrative oncology
symptom management

Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Insomnia: Sleeping Well With Cancer and Beyond

The ASCO Post’s Integrative Oncology series is intended to facilitate the availability of evidence-based information on integrative and complementary therapies commonly used by patients with cancer. In this installment, Sheila N. Garland, PhD, R Psych, and Jun J. Mao, MD, MSCE, present...

ACCC Honors Barbara L. McAneny, MD, FASCO, MACP, With Annual Achievement Award

In recognition of her work in value-based care, Barbara McAneny, MD, FASCO, MACP, was honored with the Annual Achievement Award of the Association of Community Cancer Centers (ACCC). Her work in developing the grant-funded COME HOME oncology medical home initiative demonstrated reduced costs and...

Johns Hopkins Researcher Awarded $300,000 to Investigate Genetics of Lung Cancer

The Bonnie J. Addario Lung Cancer Foundation (ALCF) and the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) announced they have awarded $300,000 in research funding to a Johns Hopkins University investigator studying the genetics of lung cancer. According to the organizations, Johns ...

New Head Named to Fred Hutch Cancer Prevention Program

On October 1, 2017, nutritional epidemiologist Marian Neuhouser, PhD, RD, became head of the Cancer Prevention Program in the Public Health Sciences Division at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (Fred Hutch). She replaces Acting Program Head Johanna Lampe, PhD, RD, Associate Director of...

solid tumors
gastrointestinal cancer

Pembrolizumab in Advanced Gastric Cancer

On September 22, 2017, pembrolizumab (Keytruda) was granted accelerated approval for treatment of recurrent locally advanced or metastatic, gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma with tumors expressing programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1), as determined by a U.S. Food and Drug...

Mary Pazdur Award for Excellence in Advanced Practice in Oncology Announced at JADPRO Live

The inaugural Mary Pazdur Award for Excellence in Advanced Practice in Oncology was announced at the 2017 JADPRO Live, the annual conference of the Advanced Practitioner Society for Hematology and Oncology (APSHO). Mary Pazdur is the late wife of Richard Pazdur, MD, Director of the Oncology Center...

leukemia

Novel Risk-Assessment Model for Acute Myeloid Leukemia

A RECENTLY PUBLISHED STUDY in JAMA Oncology, led by Mohamed Sorror, MD, MSc, and Elihu Estey, MD, of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (Fred Hutch), involving five collaborating institutions, provides a novel model to predict 1-year survival rates of patients after beginning treatment...

issues in oncology
supportive care

Helping Oncologists to Become Better Communicators With Their Patients

Timothy Gilligan, MD, FASCO, Co-Chair of ASCO’s Expert Panel on Patient-Physician Communications Guideline and Vice-Chair for Education and Associate Professor of Medicine at the Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, spends half of his professional time treating patients with urologic...

issues in oncology
supportive care

ASCO Releases Guideline to Help Oncologists Improve Communication With Patients—and Their Own Well-Being

In September 2017, ASCO published a new guideline in the Journal of Clinical Oncology that outlines best practices for communicating effectively with patients and their family members.1 The guideline is the result of recommendations from a multidisciplinary panel of experts in a number of fields,...

Moffitt Researcher Awarded Grant to Study New Treatments for Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

MOFFITT CANCER CENTER recently announced that Andriy Marusyk, PhD, was awarded a $450,000 research grant from Susan G. Komen. Dr. Marusyk is receiving 1 of 37 research grants looking into novel treatments for aggressive types of breast cancer. This year, Susan G. Komen is focusing on new...

solid tumors
lung cancer

Addressing Disparities in Use of Lung Cancer Screening With Community Outreach

African Americans and members of other communities of lower socioeconomic status have higher burdens of lung cancer mortality. Therefore, targeting underserved patient populations with lung cancer screening is of the utmost importance, according to Christopher Lathan, MD, MS, MPH, a medical...

Restorative Effects of Painting Offset the Demands of Oncology

Oncologists are apt to give patients the worst news of their lives: You have cancer. Yet studies show that, by and large, despite the stressful aspects of treating people with a life-threatening disease, oncologists report one of the highest percentages of professional satisfaction among medical...

genomics/genetics
solid tumors
lymphoma
multiple myeloma

Update on NCI-MATCH Precision Medicine Trial

THE NATIONAL CANCER INSTITUTE (NCI) Molecular Analysis for Therapy Choice (MATCH) clinical trial has achieved the goal of screening nearly 6,000 patients in just under 2 years, according to data presented at the 2017 American Association for Cancer Research–NCI–European Organisation for Research...

geriatric oncology

Clinical Trials Actively Recruiting Geriatric Oncology Patients

THE INFORMATION contained in this Clinical Trials Resource Guide includes actively recruiting clinical studies focused on geriatric oncology. These studies highlight psychological interventions, managing cancer symptoms, the surgical process, fall prevention, and making treatment decisions; as well ...

Susan G. Komen Launches Crowdfunding Initiative to Support Metastatic Breast Cancer Research

Individuals and organizations looking to contribute to advancements in metastatic breast cancer research can now do so by participating in Susan G. Komen’s inaugural crowdfunding initiative. Through this initiative, donors have the opportunity to contribute directly to the pioneering work of four...

Angela M. Stover, PhD, Presented With Inaugural Michael S. O’Malley Alumni Award

ANGELA M. STOVER, PhD, Assistant Professor in Health Policy and Management at the University of North Carolina (UNC) Gillings School of Global Public Health, has won the 2017 Michael S. O’Malley Alumni Award for Publication in Excellence in Cancer Population Sciences. She was selected for her...

Arif Kamal, MD, MBA, MHS, Named Visionary in Hospice and Palliative Medicine

ARIF KAMAL, MD, MBA, MHS, Associate Professor of Medicine and Business Administration and Physician Director of Quality at the Duke Cancer Institute, was recently named by the American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine as 1 of the 30 most influential leaders in hospice and palliative...

lymphoma

FDA Approves CAR T-Cell Therapy for Adults With Certain Types of Large B-Cell Lymphoma

ON OCTOBER 18, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved axicabtagene ciloleucel (Yescarta), a cell-based gene therapy, to treat adult patients with certain types of large B-cell lymphoma who have not responded to or who have relapsed after at least two other kinds of treatment....

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