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Cell-Free DNA Tumor Fraction and Somatic Copy Number Alterations May Affect Survival in Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Stover et al found that cell-free (cf) DNA tumor fraction ≥ 10% was associated with worse survival in metastatic triple-negative breast cancer, and that several somatic copy number alterations are enriched and prognostic in metastatic...

Study Finds Association Between Breast Implants and Risk of Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma

In a Dutch study reported in JAMA Oncology, de Boer et al found that breast implants were associated with an increased risk of anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) in the breast, although the absolute risk was small. Study Details In the study, all patients diagnosed with primary non-Hodgkin...

Passive Scattering Proton Therapy vs Intensity-Modulated Photon Radiotherapy for Locally Advanced NSCLC

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Liao et al found that passive scattering proton radiotherapy (PSPT) improved heart—but not lung—radiation dose-volume indices vs intensity-modulated photon radiotherapy (IMRT) in patients with advanced non–small cell lung...

Brentuximab Vedotin Plus Bendamustine in Relapsed/Refractory Hodgkin Lymphoma

A phase I/II trial has shown that the addition of brentuximab vedotin (Adcetris) to bendamustine is active in relapsed or refractory Hodgkin lymphoma. Study findings were reported in The Lancet Oncology by O’Connor et al. Study Details In the study, 64 patients with Hodgkin lymphoma and 1...

issues in oncology
cost of care

Out-of-Pocket Costs and Prescription Abandonment of Novel Oral Anticancer Agents

In a retrospective claims-based study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Doshi et al found that higher out-of-pocket costs were associated with increased rates of prescription abandonment for novel oral anticancer agents. Study Details The study involved data on 38,111 patients from...

PSA at 7 Months and Prognosis in Metastatic Hormone-Sensitive Prostate Cancer Treated With ADT With or Without Chemotherapy

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Harshman et al found that a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level ≤ 0.2 ng/mL at 7 months after the start of androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) was significantly associated with longer overall survival in metastatic...

PARP1 and Androgen Receptor Inhibition in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In a phase II trial (NCI 9012) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Hussain et al found no benefit of adding PARP1 inhibition with veliparib to abiraterone (Zytiga) plus prednisone in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. ETS fusion status was not predictive of...

Durable Complete Responses After Discontinuation of Immunotherapy in Metastatic Melanoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Robert and colleagues, a high proportion of patients with metastatic melanoma achieving complete response on pembrolizumab (Keytruda) in the phase Ib KEYNOTE-001 trial maintained complete response for prolonged durations after treatment...

Comparison of Chemoradiation Treatment Schedules in Locally Advanced Head and Neck Cancer

In an Indian phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Noronha and colleagues found that curative-intent adjuvant chemoradiotherapy with cisplatin at 100 mg/m2 every 3 weeks produced better locoregional control than cisplatin at 30 mg/m2 every week in patients with locally...

Everolimus in Previously Treated Thymoma and Thymic Carcinoma

In an Italian phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Zucali et al found that everolimus was active in cisplatin-pretreated thymoma and thymic carcinoma; however, a high rate of fatal pneumonitis was observed. Study Details In the study, 51 patients with advanced/recurrent...

Bipolar Androgen Therapy After Progression on Enzalutamide in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In a single-center phase II study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Teply et al found that bipolar androgen therapy can induce prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response and resensitization to enzalutamide (Xtandi) in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who progressed on...

Age-Associated Mortality Risk and BRAF V600E Status in Papillary Thyroid Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Shen et al found evidence that BRAF V600E mutation status explains the long-recognized increased mortality risk associated with age at diagnosis in patients with papillary thyroid cancer. Study Details The study involved data from 2,638...

Cognitive Function After Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Hematologic Malignancy

In a prospective longitudinal study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Sharafeldin et al found that cognitive function after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) for hematologic malignancy was impaired among those receiving myeloablative allogeneic HCT, with a delayed effect being...

Addition of Tumor-Treating Fields to Maintenance Temozolomide in Glioblastoma

Final results of a phase III trial reported by Stupp and colleagues in JAMA indicate that adding antimitotic treatment with tumor-treating fields to maintenance temozolomide is associated with improved progression-free and overall survival in patients with previously treated glioblastoma. The...

head and neck cancer
leukemia

Radioiodine Treatment of Well-Differentiated Thyroid Cancer and Hematologic Malignancy Risk

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Molenaar et al found that radioiodine treatment for well-differentiated thyroid cancer was associated with an increased risk of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) compared with thyroidectomy alone. Study Details ...

IMvigor211 Trial: Atezolizumab vs Chemotherapy in Platinum-Treated Advanced Urothelial Carcinoma

The phase III IMvigor211 trial showed no survival benefit for atezolizumab (Tecentriq) vs physician's choice of chemotherapy in platinum-treated locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma with programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression ≥ 5%. Findings were reported in The Lancet by...

Surveillance vs Metastasis-Directed Therapy in Recurrent Oligometastatic Prostate Cancer

In a Belgian phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Ost et al found that androgen deprivation therapy (ADT)-free survival was prolonged with metastasis-directed therapy vs surveillance in recurrent oligometastatic prostate cancer. Study Details Sixty-two patients with...

Sequence of Postoperative Radiotherapy and Chemotherapy in Locally Advanced or Incompletely Resected NSCLC

In a study of National Cancer Database data reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Francis et al found that receipt of adjuvant chemotherapy before vs concurrently with radiotherapy was associated with improved survival in patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) found to have...

Association of Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes With Prognosis in Breast Cancer Subtypes

In a study reported in The Lancet Oncology by Denkert et al, increased levels of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in women receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy were associated with improved prognosis in HER2-positive breast cancer and triple-negative breast cancer, but poorer outcome in luminal...

gynecologic cancers

Addition of Pazopanib to Paclitaxel in Persistent or Recurrent Ovarian Cancer

In a phase II trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Richardson et al found that the addition of pazopanib to paclitaxel did not improve progression-free survival among women with persistent or recurrent ovarian cancer. Study Details In the double-blind study, 106 women from 26 U.S. study sites with...

breast cancer

Dual HER2 Inhibition Plus Aromatase Inhibitor in Metastatic Breast Cancer

The phase III ALTERNATIVE trial has shown progression-free survival benefit with the addition of lapatinib (Tykerb) to trastuzumab (Herceptin) and an aromatase inhibitor among postmenopausal women with HER2-positive, hormone receptor–positive metastatic breast cancer. These findings were...

kidney cancer

Activity of Hypoxia-Inducible Factor-2α Antagonist in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a phase I trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Courtney et al found that a first-in-class hypoxia-inducible factor-2α (HIF-2α) antagonist (PT2385) was active in patients with previously treated advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Study Details In the...

leukemia

Venetoclax in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Progressing After Ibrutinib

An interim analysis of a phase II trial reported by Jones et al in The Lancet Oncology indicates that venetoclax (Venclexta) produces a response in a high proportion of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia progressing on or after ibrutinib (Imbruvica) treatment. Study Details The study...

pancreatic cancer

Addition of PEGPH20 to Nab-Paclitaxel/Gemcitabine in Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma

In a phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Hingorani et al found that the addition of pegvorhyaluronidase alfa (PEGPH20) to nab-paclitaxel (Abraxane)/gemcitabine improved progression-free survival in patients with previously untreated metastatic pancreatic ductal...

breast cancer

Long-Term Outcomes With Neoadjuvant vs Adjuvant Chemotherapy in Early Breast Cancer

A meta-analysis reported in The Lancet Oncology by the Early Breast Cancer Trialists’ Collaborative Group indicates that neoadjuvant chemotherapy is associated with a higher local recurrence risk vs the same chemotherapy given postoperatively after breast-conserving therapy. Study Details...

solid tumors
lung cancer

Durvalumab Consolidation After Chemoradiotherapy Improves Progression-Free Survival in Stage III Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

As reported by Scott J. Antonia, MD, PhD, of the H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, and colleagues in The New England Journal of Medicine, an interim analysis of the phase III -PACIFIC trial showed improved progression-free survival with the programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) ...

solid tumors
lung cancer

Durvalumab Consolidation After Chemoradiotherapy Improves Progression-Free Survival in Stage III Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

As reported by Scott J. Antonia, MD, PhD, of the H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, and colleagues in The New England Journal of Medicine, an interim analysis of the phase III -PACIFIC trial showed improved progression-free survival with the programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1)...

solid tumors
prostate cancer

Lower Dose of Cabazitaxel in Prostate Cancer

On September 14, 2017, the microtubule inhibitor cabazitaxel (Jevtana) was approved at the lower dose of 20 mg/m2 every 3 weeks in combination with prednisone for treatment of patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer previously treated with a docetaxel-containing regimen.1,2...

Association of Systemic Inflammation and Sarcopenia With Survival in Colorectal Cancer

Results from the C SCANS (Colorectal Cancer: Sarcopenia, Cancer, and Near-Term Survival) study indicate that prediagnosis systemic inflammation and at-diagnosis sarcopenia are associated with an increased mortality risk in patients with nonmetastatic colorectal cancer. The findings were reported...

Adding First-Line Radiotherapy to Chemotherapy for Liver Metastases From Colorectal Cancer

A meta-analysis of three randomized trials (FOXFIRE, SIRFLOX, and FOXFIRE-Global) indicates no overall survival benefit of adding first-line selective internal radiotherapy to chemotherapy in patients with liver metastases from colorectal cancer. The findings were reported by Wasan and colleagues...

solid tumors
breast cancer

27 Breast Oncologists Recognized on Forbes’ ‘Physician Honor Roll’

This December, Forbes magazine recognized 27 breast oncologists across the country as exemplary physicians in the field of oncology. Individuals on the list serve in the top spots of their respective hospitals, contribute a wealth of clinical research to advance the practice, and serve on community ...

Brentuximab Vedotin for Adult Patients With Primary Cutaneous Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma

On November 9, 2017, brentuximab vedotin (Adcetris) received regular approval for the treatment of adult patients with primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma or CD30-expressing mycosis fungoides who have received prior systemic therapy.1,2 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was based on...

Alectinib in ALK-Positive Metastatic Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

On November 6, 2017, alectinib (Alecensa) received regular approval for treatment of patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), as detected by a U.S. Food and Drug Administration–approved test.1,2 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was...

Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin in CD33-Positive Acute Myeloid Leukemia

On September 1, 2017, gemtuzumab ozogamicin (Mylotarg) was approved for treatment for newly diagnosed CD33-positive acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in adults and for treatment of relapsed or refractory CD33-positive AML in adults and pediatric patients aged ≥ 2 years.1,2 It may be used in combination...

Fulvestrant Monotherapy for Postmenopausal Women With Advanced Breast Cancer

On August 28, 2017, fulvestrant (Faslodex) was approved at 500 mg as monotherapy for expanded use in postmenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative advanced breast cancer who have not received previous endocrine therapy.1 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was based on improved...

lymphoma

PI3K Inhibition With Copanlisib in Relapsed or Refractory Indolent Lymphoma

AS REPORTED in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Martin Dreyling, MD, PhD, of University Hospital, Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich, and colleagues, the phase II CHRONOS-1 trial has shown a high response rate and durable responses with the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor...

lymphoma

Obinutuzumab in Previously Untreated Follicular Lymphoma

On November 16, 2017, obinutuzumab (Gazyva) was granted regular approval in combination with chemotherapy, followed by obinutuzumab monotherapy for patients achieving at least a partial remission, for the treatment of adult patients with previously untreated stage II bulky, III, or IV follicular...

lung cancer

European Union Expert Group Releases Position Statement on Lung Cancer Screening in Europe

AS REPORTED in The Lancet Oncology by Matthijs Oudkerk, MD, of the University of Groningen, the Netherlands, and colleagues, a European Union (EU) expert group has issued a position statement on low-dose computed tomography (CT) screening for lung cancer, proposing a near-term phased implementation ...

National Cancer Institute Sponsors Training Program on Supportive Cancer Care

The National Cancer Institute has funded a training program for health-care professionals providing supportive cancer care. The training comprises foundational webinars by experts in the field, a 2-day skills-based workshop, ongoing monthly consultation, and a discussion board. Each workshop will...

solid tumors
kidney cancer

Sunitinib Malate for Adjuvant Treatment of Renal Cell Carcinoma

On November 16, 2017, sunitinib malate (Sutent) was approved for the adjuvant treatment of adult patients at high risk of recurrent renal cell carcinoma following nephrectomy.1,2 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was based on the findings of the double-blind phase III S-TRAC trial in which 615...

colorectal cancer

Outcomes Associated With Higher Fiber Intake After Colorectal Cancer Diagnosis

IN A STUDY reported in JAMA Oncology, Mingyang Song, MD, ScD, of Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, and colleagues found that higher fiber intake after diagnosis of nonmetastatic colorectal cancer is associated with improved colorectal cancer–specific and overall survival.1 ...

solid tumors
gynecologic cancers

Pembrolizumab in PD-L1–Positive Advanced Cervical Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Jean-Sebastien Frenel, MD, of the Institut de Cancerologie de l’Ouest, Centre Rene Gauducheau, Saint-Herblain, France, and colleagues, pembrolizumab (Keytruda) treatment was found to be active in patients with programmed cell death ligand 1...

leukemia

Bosutinib Improves Response Rate vs Imatinib as First-Line Treatment of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

IN THE PHASE III BFORE trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Jorge E. Cortes, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, and colleagues, the SRC/ABL kinase inhibitor bosutinib (Bosulif) improved response rates vs imatinib in the first-line treatment of patients with...

issues in oncology

Sexual Problems and Cancer: ASCO Clinical Practice Guideline Adaptation of CCO Guideline

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Jeanne Carter, PhD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and colleagues, ASCO has issued a clinical practice guideline adaptation of the Cancer Care Ontario (CCO) guideline on interventions to address sexual problems in people with cancer....

lymphoma

BTK Inhibitor in Relapsed or Refractory Mantle Cell Lymphoma

A phase II study (ACE-LY-004) reported in The Lancet by Wang et al showed durable responses with the Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitor acalabrutinib (Calquence) in patients with relapsed or refractory mantle cell lymphoma. The study supported the recent approval of acalabrutinib in this setting....

solid tumors
issues in oncology

California Trends in Cancer Survival by Health Insurance Status

A study using California Cancer Registry data showed that survival improvements in patients with cancer between 1997 and 2014 have largely been limited to those with private or Medicare insurance. These findings were reported in JAMA Oncology by Libby et al. Study Details The study involved...

colorectal cancer

Combination Agent in Asian Patients With Previously Treated Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

In the Asian phase III TERRA trial, trifluridine/tipiracil (Lonsurf) produced a significant improvement in overall survival vs placebo among patients with metastatic colorectal cancer refractory or intolerant of standard chemotherapies with or without exposure to biologic therapies. These findings...

prostate cancer

Study Finds Racial Disparities in Treatment of Clinically Significant Prostate Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Bickell et al found underuse of treatment for clinically significant prostate cancer was infrequent among white and black patients at two New York City hospitals, but black men accounted for nearly all such underuse of treatment. As noted by...

lymphoma

CAR T-Cell Therapy in Refractory B-Cell Lymphomas

As reported at the recent American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting & Exposition and in The New England Journal of Medicine, Schuster et al found that chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy produced responses in a high proportion of patients with B-cell lymphomas refractory to or...

issues in oncology

Does Warfarin Have Anticancer Potential in Persons Older Than Age 50?

A Norwegian population–based cohort study indicated that the use of warfarin was associated with a reduced risk of cancer overall and site-specific cancers among patients aged > 50 years. The findings were reported in JAMA Internal Medicine by Haaland et al. As noted by the investigators,...

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