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ESMO 2019 Congress

Gynecologic Cancers

Three Phase III Trials Suggest Paradigm Shift With PARP Inhibitors in Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer is typically a second-tier newsmaker at the world’s premier oncology conferences, but at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 2019, this tumor type generated univer...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Phase III Evidence Supports Neoadjuvant Immunotherapy Plus Chemotherapy for Early Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Immunotherapy has changed the treatment paradigms for melanoma, lung cancer, bladder cancer, and renal cancer. Now, checkpoint inhibitor therapy is making inroads in triple-negative breast cancer—one ...

Lung Cancer

FLAURA Trial: First-Line Osimertinib Improves Overall Survival in EGFR-Mutated Advanced Lung Cancer

First-line treatment with osimertinib extended overall survival compared with the older tyrosine kinase inhibitors gefitinib and erlotinib in patients with EGFR-mutated advanced non–small cell lung c...

Lung Cancer

Ceritinib Active in Treating Brain Metastases in Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

The ALK inhibitor ceritinib demonstrated efficacy in patients with ALK-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and active brain metastases, according to the results of the ASCEND-7 trial reported ...

Prostate Cancer

Expert Point of View: Gert de Meerleer, MD

Commenting on both RADICALS-RT and the meta-analysis, formal discussant Gert de Meerleer, MD, of the University Hospital, Leuven, Belgium, stated: “A big applause for these trials. I agree with both c...

Prostate Cancer

Studies Suggest Early Salvage Radiotherapy May Be Preferable to Adjuvant Radiotherapy After Prostatectomy

Early salvage radiotherapy appears to be a better choice after radical prostatectomy for men with prostate cancer than adjuvant radiotherapy, according to late-breaking results from the ­RADICALS-RT t...

prostate cancer

Nicholas D. James, PhD, MBBS, on the STAMPEDE Trial: Long-Term Subgroup Analysis by Metastatic Burden in Hormone-Naive Prostate Cancer

Nicholas D. James, PhD, MBBS, of University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Trust, discusses results from a long-term follow-up of a cohort treated with docetaxel in the STAMPEDE randomized trial, confirming...

prostate cancer

Nicholas D. James, PhD, MBBS, on Prostate Cancer: STAMPEDE Trial M1|RT Comparison of Radiotherapy

Nicholas D. James, PhD, MBBS, of University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Trust, discusses the efficacy of prostate radiotherapy plus androgen-deprivation therapy with or without docetaxel in patients with...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

ESMO 2019: Interim Analysis of the BEACON CRC Trial

In an interim analysis of the phase III BEACON CRC trial reported at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 2019 (Abstract LBA32) and in The New England Journal of Medicine, Scott K...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

ESMO 2019: Overall Survival With Immunotherapy Doublet vs Chemotherapy in Advanced NSCLC

As reported at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 2019 (Abstract LBA4) and simultaneously in The New England Journal of Medicine by Matthew D. Hellmann, MD, and colleagues, the ...

Prostate Cancer

ESMO 2019: Cabazitaxel vs Abiraterone or Enzalutamide in Previously Treated Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

As reported at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 2019 (Abstract LBA13) and simultaneously published in The New England Journal of Medicine by Ronald de Wit, MD, and colleagues,...

Gynecologic Cancers

ESMO 2019: Veliparib Plus First-Line Chemotherapy and as Maintenance Therapy in High-Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer

In the phase III VELIA/GOG-3005 trial—reported at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 2019 (Abstract LBA3) and simultaneously published in The New England Journal of Medicine—Rob...

Lung Cancer

ESMO 2019: Liquid Biopsy to Determine Best Treatment for Patients With NSCLC

Patients with advanced lung cancer might soon be offered a blood test that could help decide the best treatment for them, instead of relying on tumor biopsy analysis. New data from the BFAST trial pre...

Gynecologic Cancers

ESMO 2019: Molecular Classification for Adjuvant Treatment in Women With High-Risk Endometrial Cancer

A study by Creutzberg et al investigated the survival outcome of combined adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy vs radiotherapy alone in women with endometrial cancer with high-risk features. The res...

Immunotherapy

ESMO 2019: Study Suggests Difference in Response to Immunotherapy Regimens Between Sexes

A meta-analysis of 16 phase III randomized clinical trials evaluating programmed cell death protein 1/ligand 1 (PD-1/-L1) inhibitors either alone or in combination with chemotherapy for solid tumors h...

Pancreatic Cancer

ESMO 2019: High Conversion Rate With Certain Induction Chemotherapy Regimens Is Associated With Improved Overall Survival in Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

Induction chemotherapy with nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine or sequential FOLFIRINOX (fluorouracil, leucovorin, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan) followed by surgical exploration induced high conversion ra...

Solid Tumors

ESMO 2019: Lenvatinib for Advanced Thymic Carcinoma

Patients with thymic carcinoma that has progressed following treatment with platinum-based chemotherapy may benefit from treatment with lenvatinib, according to findings from a phase II study reporte...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

ESMO 2019: IMvigor130: Addition of Atezolizumab to Platinum-Based Chemotherapy in Advanced Urothelial Carcinoma

Patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma demonstrated prolonged progression-free survival with the addition of atezolizumab to first-line platinum-based chemotherapy vs treatm...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Nicoletta Colombo, MD, on Lenvatinib/Pembrolizumab for Advanced Endometrial Cancer

Nicoletta Colombo, MD, of Istituto Europeo di Oncologia, discusses the efficacy of lenvatinib/pembrolizumab in metastatic endometrial cancer. The combination showed antitumor activity, regardless of t...

prostate cancer

Maha H.A. Hussain, MD, on Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer: Olaparib/Enzalutamide/Abiraterone

Maha H.A. Hussain, MD, of Northwestern University Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses the phase III PROfound trial results on the efficacy of olaparib in men with metastatic castrat...

gynecologic cancers

Antonio González Martín, MD, PhD, on Ovarian Cancer: PRIMA/ENGOT-OV26/GOG-3012 Trial of Niraparib

Antonio González Martín, MD, PhD, of the Clínica Universidad de Navarra, discusses study findings showing niraparib therapy significantly improved progression-free survival in patients with advanced o...

prostate cancer

Ronald de Wit, MD, PhD, on Prostate Cancer: Results of the CARD Trial on Cabazitaxel, Abiraterone, and Enzalutamide

Ronald de Wit, MD, PhD, of the University Medical Center Rotterdam, discusses study findings which showed that cabazitaxel improved radiographic progression-free survival as well as overall survival i...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, and Enrique Grande, MD, PhD, on Urothelial Carcinoma: Atezolizumab and Platinum-Based Chemotherapy

Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, of Queen Mary University of London, and Enrique Grande, MD, PhD, of MD Anderson Cancer Center, Madrid, discuss findings of the phase III IMvigor130 trial on the efficacy and sa...

hepatobiliary cancer

Ghassan K. Abou-Alfa, MD, MBA, on Cholangiocarcinoma: ClarIDHy Trial of Ivosidenib vs Placebo

Ghassan K. Abou-Alfa, MD, MBA, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses phase III study findings showing improvement in progression-free survival among patients with an isocitrate dehydrog...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

ESMO 2019: Ivosidenib in IDH1-Mutated Advanced Cholangiocarcinoma

Patients with advanced cholangiocarcinoma with an isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) mutation showed clinical benefit and improved progression-free survival (PFS) when treated with ivosidenib vs placeb...

Breast Cancer

ESMO 2019: BROCADE 3: Veliparib Plus Carboplatin/Paclitaxel in Patients With HER2-Negative, Germline BRCA-Mutated Advanced Breast Cancer

Patients with advanced or metastatic HER2-negative breast cancer with a germline BRCA mutation demonstrated significantly improved progression-free survival (PFS) with the addition of the poly (ADP-ri...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Mansoor R. Mirza, MD, on Ovarian Cancer: Roundup of ESMO 2019 Top Abstracts

Mansoor R. Mirza, MD, of Copenhagen University Hospital, offers his perspective on three studies presented in the Presidential Symposium: the PRIMA/ENGOT-OV26/ GOG-3012 trial (niraparib for newly diag...

gynecologic cancers

Mansoor R. Mirza, MD, and Robert L. Coleman, MD, on Integrating Velaparib With Chemotherapy and Maintenance Therapy in Gynecologic Cancers

Mansoor R. Mirza, MD, of Copenhagen University Hospital, and Robert L. Coleman, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discuss phase III study findings, which showed that by adding ...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Ana Maria Arance Fernandez, MD, PhD, on Advanced Melanoma: Treatment With Cobimetinib/Atezolizumab vs Pembrolizumab

Ana Maria Arance Fernandez, MD, PhD, of the Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, discusses the negative results of the phase III IMspire170 trial, which evaluated cobimetinib/atezolizumab vs pembrolizumab mo...

lung cancer

Suresh S. Ramalingam, MD, on Osimertinib vs Comparator EGFR TKI in EGFR-Mutated NSCLC: The FLAURA Trial

Suresh S. Ramalingam, MD, of Emory University, discusses results from the final overall survival analysis of the phase III FLAURA trial in EGFR-mutated advanced non–small cell lung cancer, which showe...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Georgina V. Long, MD, PhD, on Melanoma Brain Metastases: Nivolumab Alone or Nivolumab/Ipilimumab

Georgina V. Long, MD, PhD, of the Melanoma Institute Australia, The University of Sydney, discusses long-term outcomes from a phase II trial which showed that nivolumab/ipilimumab therapy demonstrated...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Solange Peters, MD, PhD, on NSCLC: CheckMate 227 Trial of Nivolumab/Ipilimumab vs Chemotherapy

Solange Peters, MD, PhD, of the Oncology Department of CHUV, discusses study findings from the first phase III trial to show PD-1 and CTLA-4 inhibition is effective in non–small cell lung cancer, with...

breast cancer

Véronique Diéras, MD, on HER2-Negative, BRCA-Mutated Breast Cancer: Veliparib Plus Carboplatin/Paclitaxel

Véronique Diéras, MD, of Institut Curie Paris & Saint Cloud, discusses results from the phase III BROCADE 3 trial, which investigated the PARP inhibitor veliparib in combination with carboplatin/p...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Sungjune Kim, MD, PhD, on Merkel Cell Carcinoma: Nivolumab/Ipilimumab Plus SBRT

Sungjune Kim, MD, PhD, of the H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, discusses phase II study findings on the safety and tolerability of nivolumab/ipilimumab plus stereotactic body radia...

Thyroid Cancer

ESMO 2019: LIBRETTO-001 Trial of Selpercatinib in RET Fusion–Positive Thyroid Cancer

Patients with advanced RET fusion–positive thyroid cancer and RET-mutant medullary thyroid cancer had high rates of response following treatment with selpercatinib, according to findings from the phas...

Lung Cancer

ESMO 2019: ASCEND-7: Ceritinib for Patients With ALK-Positive NSCLC Metastatic to the Brain

Patients with ALK-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that was metastatic to the brain at baseline demonstrated whole-body, intracranial, and extracranial responses following treatment with ce...

pancreatic cancer

Volker Kunzmann, MD, on Advanced Pancreatic Cancer: Findings on nab-Paclitaxel/Gemcitabine and FOLFIRINOX

Volker Kunzmann, MD, of the University of Würzburg/Comprehensive Cancer Center Mainfranken, discusses the final results of a phase II multicenter trial on the conversion rate in locally advanced pancr...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Sherene Loi, MD, PhD, and Leisha A. Emens, MD, PhD, on HER2-Positive Breast Cancer: KATE2 Study of Atezolizumab/Trastuzumab Emtansine

Sherene Loi, MD, PhD, of Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre at the University of Melbourne, and Leisha A. Emens, MD, PhD, of UPMC Hillman Cancer Center, discuss overall survival in this phase II study of a...

hepatobiliary cancer

Tim Meyer, PhD, and Lorenza Rimassa, MD, on Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma: CELESTIAL Trial of Cabozantinib

Tim Meyer, PhD, of the University College London, and Lorenza Rimassa, MD, of Humanitas Research Hospital, Milan, discuss their phase III findings on prognostic and predictive factors of cabozantinib ...

hepatobiliary cancer

Angela Lamarca, MD, PhD, on Liver Metastases From Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma

Angela Lamarca, MD, PhD, of the Christie NHS Foundation Trust, discusses findings from a study that showed new staging criteria should be considered for patients diagnosed with liver metastases in the...

breast cancer

Aleix Prat, MD, PhD, on a HER2-Positive Breast Cancer Biomarker: Results From the PAM50 Trial

Aleix Prat, MD, PhD, of Hospital Clinic de Barcelona, discusses the findings of a meta-analysis showing that the HER2-E subtype may predict pathologic complete response beyond hormone receptor status ...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Peter Schmid, MD, PhD, on Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: KEYNOTE-522 Trial of Pembrolizumab Plus Chemotherapy

Peter Schmid, MD, PhD, of Queen Mary University of London Barts Cancer Institute, discusses pathologic complete response data from a phase III study of pembrolizumab/chemotherapy vs placebo/chemothera...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Isabelle Ray-Coquard, MD, PhD, on Ovarian Cancer: Olaparib Plus Bevacizumab

Isabelle Laure Ray-Coquard, MD, PhD, of the Centre Leon Bérard, discusses phase III study findings in patients with newly diagnosed, advanced ovarian cancer who received olaparib plus first-line bevac...

Robin L. Jones, MD, MBBS, on Advanced Angiosarcoma: TAPPAS Trial of a Novel Monoclonal Antibody Plus Pazopanib

Robin L. Jones, MD, MBBS, of The Royal Marsden/Institute of Cancer Research, discusses the first phase III study in angiosarcoma, which showed no difference in outcome between pazopanib vs pazopanib p...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, on Metastatic Urothelial Cancer: Durvalumab Plus Targeted Treatments

Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, of Queen Mary University of London, discusses the first study to examine immunotherapy and targeted treatment combinations with a personalized approach in bladder cancer. FGF, ...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Paolo A. Ascierto, MD, on Melanoma: Results From CheckMate 238 on Adjuvant Nivolumab vs Ipilimumab

Paolo A. Ascierto, MD, of the Istituto Nazionale Tumori, Napoli, discusses phase III study findings confirming the superior activity of nivolumab vs ipilimumab in resected stage III/IV melanoma in ter...

lung cancer

Laura Q.M. Chow, MD, on Metastatic NSCLC: Results of the ASCEND-7 Trial on Ceritinib

Laura Q.M. Chow, MD, of the University of Texas at Austin, Dell Medical School and LIVESTRONG Cancer Institutes, discusses phase II study findings that showed the ALK inhibitor ceritinib achieved dura...

Colorectal Cancer

ESMO 2019: ctDNA as a Marker for Disease-Free Survival With Oxaliplatin Treatment in Stage III Colon Cancer

Patients with advanced colon cancer and plasma samples containing circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) were less likely to achieve 2-year disease-free survival with oxaliplatin-based adjuvant treatment than ...

Gynecologic Cancers

ESMO 2019: Studies Show PARP Inhibitors Improve Survival, Reduce Risk of Disease Recurrence or Death in Newly Diagnosed Ovarian Cancer

Two studies presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2019 Congress showed the efficacy of poly ADP ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitors in patients with newly diagnosed ovarian can...

Solid Tumors

ESMO 2019: Tailored Treatment vs Empiric Chemotherapy for Cancer of an Unknown Primary

Treatment tailored by comprehensive molecular gene-expression analysis of tumors from patients with carcinomas of an unknown primary site did not improve progression-free survival vs empiric chemother...

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