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ESMO 2019 Congress

Hepatobiliary Cancer

ClarIDHy and FIGHT-202 Trials Show Positive Results in the Treatment of Patients With Biliary Tract Cancer

Two studies reported at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 2019—ClarIDHy and FIGHT-202—demonstrated clinical benefits with novel molecularly targeted agents in the treatment of ...

Breast Cancer

‘Unexpected’ Survival Benefit With Trilaciclib Plus Chemotherapy in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

An unanticipated result of a randomized phase II study was the improvement in overall survival achieved with the investigational CDK4/6 inhibitor trilaciclib in women with metastatic triple-negative b...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Updated Data From Clinical Trials on Nivolumab/Ipilimumab in Advanced Melanoma

More than one out of two patients with metastatic melanoma treated with the combination of nivolumab plus ipilimu-mab is still alive after 5 years, according to the longest follow-up of patients recei...

Neuroendocrine Tumors
Lung Cancer

Novel Therapies for Small Cell Lung Cancer and Neuroendocrine Tumors

Here is a glimpse at updated clinical trial data on newer therapies under study for the small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and advanced extrapancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. IMpower133 and ALTER: Novel Th...

Immunotherapy
Solid Tumors

Study Finds Durvalumab Retreatment Active in Some Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors

Immunotherapy with checkpoint inhibitors offers a proportion of patients a chance at long-term disease control, resembling cure in some patients. Among the many questions about immunotherapy that rema...

Head and Neck Cancer

Nivolumab vs Chemotherapy in Advanced Esophageal Cancer

Nivolumab improved overall survival compared with chemotherapy in previously treated patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma in the final analysis of the phase III ATTRACTION-3 study. The dat...

Immunotherapy
Hepatobiliary Cancer

‘Clinically Meaningful’ Outcomes Seen in Two Studies of First-Line Immunotherapy for Hepatocellular Carcinoma

In the first-line treatment of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma, checkpoint inhibitors led to favorable outcomes in studies reported at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 2019—...

Gastrointestinal Cancer

Pivotal Study Reports Positive Findings in Fourth-Line Setting for Advanced GIST

In a late-breaking, oral presentation at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2019 Congress, Margaret von Mehren, MD, presented results from INVICTUS, a pivotal phase III clinical study o...

Gastrointestinal Cancer

Circulating Tumor DNA: A Prognostic Marker in Stage III Colon Cancer?

Circulating tumor DNA in the blood could serve as a marker of prognosis in patients with colon cancer receiving adjuvant oxaliplatin, according to a subanalysis of the IDEA trial, presented at the Eur...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Nivolumab/Ipilimumab: Another First-Line Option for Advanced NSCLC

The combination of nivolumab and ipilimumab improved overall survival compared with chemotherapy as first-line therapy for patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and programmed cell...

Colorectal Cancer

Targeted Triplet Therapy Improved Overall Survival in BRAF-Mutated Colorectal Cancer

For patients with metastatic colorectal cancer harboring BRAF V600E mutations, three drugs seem to be better than two, the most recent analysis of the phase III BEACON CRC study has shown.1 The result...

Prostate Cancer
Breast Cancer
Bladder Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Thyroid Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

ESMO Congress 2019: Quick Takes From Key Clinical Trials

The ESMO Congress continues to grow as a pivotal platform for research in clinical oncology. At the ESMO Congress 2019, important findings were showcased in more than 2,200 studies, including 93 late-...

Gastrointestinal Cancer

Pivotal Phase III Study Evaluates Investigational TKI in Fourth-Line Setting for Advanced GIST

In a late-breaking, oral presentation at the ESMO Congress 2019, Margaret von Mehren, MD, presented results from ­INVICTUS, a pivotal phase III clinical trial of ripretinib in patients with advanced g...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Targeted Treatment Advances in Cholangiocarcinoma

For one of the rarest and most aggressive of tumors—cholangiocarcinoma—two novel molecularly targeted agents yielded encouraging outcomes in advanced disease in studies reported at the European Societ...

Prostate Cancer

Expert Point of View: Eleni Efstathiou, MD

Formal study discussant Eleni Efstathiou, MD, of MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, commented on results of the PROfound trial at the ESMO Congress 2019. “This is the first phase III targeted therap...

Prostate Cancer

Phase III PROfound Study Evaluates Olaparib in Setting of Metastatic, Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Treatment with the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor olaparib delayed disease progression and appears to improve survival, compared with newer hormonal agents in men with pretreated metast...

Immunotherapy
Gynecologic Cancers

Expert Point of View: Nicoletta Colombo, MD

The invited discussant of the two trials in cervical and endometrial cancers presented at the ESMO Congress 2019 was Nicoletta Colombo, MD, of the University of Milan-Bicocca in Italy, who commented o...

Immunotherapy
Gynecologic Cancers

Immunotherapy Shows Strong Benefit in Two Gynecologic Cancers

In studies reported at the ESMO Congress 2019, immunotherapy yielded encouraging outcomes in two gynecologic cancer populations in need of new treatments, including patients with advanced cervical can...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

CheckMate 227: Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab Presents Another Option in First-Line Treatment of Advanced Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

The combination of nivolumab and ipilimumab improved overall survival compared with chemotherapy as first-line therapy for patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and programmed cell...

Lung Cancer

Osimertinib Improves Overall Survival vs Gefitinib, Erlotinib in Advanced EGFR-Mutated Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer: FLAURA Phase III Trial

The third-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor osimertinib extended overall survival compared with the older tyrosine kinase inhibitors gefitinib and erlotinib in patients with EGFR-mutated advanced n...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Checkpoint Inhibitors Benefit Women With Advanced Stages of Cervical, Endometrial Cancers

Immunotherapy studies reported at the ESMO Congress 2019 yielded encouraging outcomes in patients with advanced cervical cancer that is microsatellite-stable and patients previously treated for adva...

Gynecologic Cancers

Phase III Trials Suggest Paradigm Shift With PARP Inhibitors in Ovarian Cancer

At the ESMO Congress 2019, ovarian cancer was a topic of heightened interest, particularly due to findings reported in several important phase III studies of PARP inhibitors in front-line maintenance ...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Neoadjuvant Immunotherapy Plus Chemotherapy Active in Women With Early Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Immunotherapy has changed the treatment paradigms for melanoma, lung cancer, bladder cancer, and renal cancer. Now, checkpoint inhibitor therapy is making inroads in triple-negative breast cancer—one ...

Breast Cancer

MONALEESA-3, MONARCH 2: CDK4/6 Inhibitors Plus Fulvestrant Benefit Survival in Advanced Breast Cancer

CDK4/6 inhibitors improve overall survival in advanced breast cancer, according to results of two important phase III trials reported at the ESMO Congress 2019. Dennis J. Slamon, MD, PhD, of the Unive...

ESMO Congress 2019 Offers a Global Stage for Important Clinical Data

The European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 2019, held September 27 to October 1 in Barcelona, welcomed clinicians, researchers, journalists, and exhibitors from around the world to h...

Gynecologic Cancers

Expert Point of View: Ana Oaknin, MD, PhD

Ana Oaknin, MD, PhD, Head of the Gynecologic Cancer Program at Vall d’Hebron Institute of Oncology, Barcelona, discussed the PRIMA/ENGOT-OV26/GOG-3012 trial along with the results of the phase III PAO...

Gynecologic Cancers

PRIMA Trial Reports Benefit With Niraparib Across Ovarian Cancer Subsets

In women with advanced ovarian cancer responding to first-line chemotherapy, maintenance therapy with the PARP inhibitor niraparib significantly reduced the risk of disease progression by 38% overall ...

Prostate Cancer

Expert Point of View: Silke Gillessen, MD

Formal discussant Silke Gillessen, MD, of the Division of Cancer Sciences, University of Manchester, United Kingdom, agreed that this study is practice-changing. “The study was well designed and addr...

Prostate Cancer

Third-Line Cabazitaxel Improves Outcomes in Patients With Metastatic Prostate Cancer

Third-line treatment with cabazitaxel extended progression-free survival and overall survival in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer in the CARD trial. These results provide the f...

Gynecologic Cancers

Expert Point of View: Mansoor R. Mirza, MD

The time has come to offer all patients a PARP [poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase] inhibitor,” said Mansoor R. Mirza, MD, Chief Oncologist at Copenhagen University Hospital and the invited discussant of th...

Gynecologic Cancers

Veliparib Plus Chemotherapy Meets Primary Endpoint in Advanced Ovarian Cancer

As first-line treatment for women with advanced ovarian cancer, the addition of veliparib during induction followed by veliparib maintenance therapy significantly reduced the risk of disease progressi...

Breast Cancer

Expert Point of View: Mafalda ­Oliveira, MD, PhD

Formal discussant Mafalda ­Oliveira, MD, PhD, of Vall d’Hebron Institute of Oncology in Barcelona, commented that monarcHER was a “well-designed, hypothesis-generating trial that addresses clinically ...

Breast Cancer

Abemaciclib Benefits Patients With HER2-Positive Breast Cancer in monarcHER Trial

Inhibitors of cyclin-dependent kinases 4 and 6 (CDK4/6) are associated with a robust benefit in patients with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative breast cancer, but now the monarcHER trial has co...

Gynecologic Cancers

PAOLA-1 Trial: Front-Line Olaparib/Bevacizumab Maintenance Benefits Women With Advanced Ovarian Cancer

In women with newly diagnosed ovarian cancer, front-line maintenance therapy with olaparib plus bevacizumab reduced the risk of disease progression by 41% overall and by 69% in the subset of patients...

Bladder Cancer

IMvigor130 Trial: Atezolizumab Plus Chemotherapy for Metastatic Urothelial Cancer

Treatment with atezolizumab plus chemotherapy extended progression-free survival by 1.9 months vs chemotherapy alone in patients with metastatic urothelial cancer, according to the early results of th...

Prostate Cancer

Targeted Therapy Moves Into Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer With Strong Showing by Olaparib and Rucaparib

Treatment with olaparib delayed disease progression, and early survival data suggest a positive trend in favor of olaparib compared with newer hormonal agents in men with pretreated metastatic castrat...

Breast Cancer

Landmark Studies Show Clear Overall Survival Benefit for CDK4/6 Inhibitors in Advanced Breast Cancer

CDK4/6 inhibitors clearly improve overall survival in advanced breast cancer, as this prized endpoint was robustly demonstrated in two landmark phase III trials reported at the European Society for Me...

Gynecologic Cancers

Three Phase III Trials Suggest Paradigm Shift With PARP Inhibitors in Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer is typically a second-tier newsmaker at the world’s premier oncology conferences, but at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 2019, this tumor type generated univer...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Phase III Evidence Supports Neoadjuvant Immunotherapy Plus Chemotherapy for Early Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Immunotherapy has changed the treatment paradigms for melanoma, lung cancer, bladder cancer, and renal cancer. Now, checkpoint inhibitor therapy is making inroads in triple-negative breast cancer—one ...

Lung Cancer

FLAURA Trial: First-Line Osimertinib Improves Overall Survival in EGFR-Mutated Advanced Lung Cancer

First-line treatment with osimertinib extended overall survival compared with the older tyrosine kinase inhibitors gefitinib and erlotinib in patients with EGFR-mutated advanced non–small cell lung c...

Lung Cancer

Ceritinib Active in Treating Brain Metastases in Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

The ALK inhibitor ceritinib demonstrated efficacy in patients with ALK-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and active brain metastases, according to the results of the ASCEND-7 trial reported ...

Prostate Cancer

Expert Point of View: Gert de Meerleer, MD

Commenting on both RADICALS-RT and the meta-analysis, formal discussant Gert de Meerleer, MD, of the University Hospital, Leuven, Belgium, stated: “A big applause for these trials. I agree with both c...

Prostate Cancer

Studies Suggest Early Salvage Radiotherapy May Be Preferable to Adjuvant Radiotherapy After Prostatectomy

Early salvage radiotherapy appears to be a better choice after radical prostatectomy for men with prostate cancer than adjuvant radiotherapy, according to late-breaking results from the ­RADICALS-RT t...

prostate cancer

Nicholas D. James, PhD, MBBS, on the STAMPEDE Trial: Long-Term Subgroup Analysis by Metastatic Burden in Hormone-Naive Prostate Cancer

Nicholas D. James, PhD, MBBS, of University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Trust, discusses results from a long-term follow-up of a cohort treated with docetaxel in the STAMPEDE randomized trial, confirming...

prostate cancer

Nicholas D. James, PhD, MBBS, on Prostate Cancer: STAMPEDE Trial M1|RT Comparison of Radiotherapy

Nicholas D. James, PhD, MBBS, of University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Trust, discusses the efficacy of prostate radiotherapy plus androgen-deprivation therapy with or without docetaxel in patients with...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

ESMO 2019: Interim Analysis of the BEACON CRC Trial

In an interim analysis of the phase III BEACON CRC trial reported at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 2019 (Abstract LBA32) and in The New England Journal of Medicine, Scott K...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

ESMO 2019: Overall Survival With Immunotherapy Doublet vs Chemotherapy in Advanced NSCLC

As reported at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 2019 (Abstract LBA4) and simultaneously in The New England Journal of Medicine by Matthew D. Hellmann, MD, and colleagues, the ...

Prostate Cancer

ESMO 2019: Cabazitaxel vs Abiraterone or Enzalutamide in Previously Treated Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

As reported at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 2019 (Abstract LBA13) and simultaneously published in The New England Journal of Medicine by Ronald de Wit, MD, and colleagues,...

Gynecologic Cancers

ESMO 2019: Veliparib Plus First-Line Chemotherapy and as Maintenance Therapy in High-Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer

In the phase III VELIA/GOG-3005 trial—reported at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 2019 (Abstract LBA3) and simultaneously published in The New England Journal of Medicine—Rob...

Lung Cancer

ESMO 2019: Liquid Biopsy to Determine Best Treatment for Patients With NSCLC

Patients with advanced lung cancer might soon be offered a blood test that could help decide the best treatment for them, instead of relying on tumor biopsy analysis. New data from the BFAST trial pre...

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