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Pembrolizumab Plus Chemotherapy in HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

We’ll start off by discussing results from the I-SPY 2 trial on the efficacy of pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy in HER2-negative breast cancer. Then, we’ll move on to a report covering racial disparities in diagnostic and treatment technology as related to outcomes in patients with colorectal...

gynecologic cancers
genomics/genetics

New ASCO Guideline Highlights Need to Improve Germline, Somatic Tumor Testing in Epithelial Ovarian Cancer

A new ASCO clinical practice guideline provides clinicians and other health-care professionals with evidence-based recommendations on genetic and tumor testing for women diagnosed with epithelial ovarian cancer.1 “We wanted to go over the evidence and make strong statements and recommendations...

issues in oncology

Drug Repository Programs Address High Costs, Access, and Waste Issues When Appropriately Implemented

On February 19, 2020, ASCO issued a news release about a position statement on state drug repository programs, outlining the Society’s support for drug repository programs solely for oral medications provided they are maintained within a closed system. The Society also makes recommendations to help ...

lung cancer
lymphoma
bladder cancer
head and neck cancer
gastroesophageal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews in Lung Cancers, Lymphoma

This week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to treatments for non–small cell and small cell lung cancers, as well as for diffuse large-B cell lymphoma (DLBCL); Breakthrough Therapy designation to an antibody-drug conjugate for bladder cancer; and a double Fast...

lymphoma
immunotherapy

Quality of Life With Tisagenlecleucel Therapy for Relapsed or Refractory DLBCL

Adult patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) whose disease was effectively treated with the chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy tisagenlecleucel showed sustained and clinically meaningful improvement in a variety of self-reported quality-of-life measures, according to...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Patient-Reported Outcomes With Addition of Pembrolizumab vs Placebo to Pemetrexed/Platinum for Nonsquamous NSCLC

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Marina C. Garassino, MD, and colleagues, global health status/quality of life was maintained or improved with the addition of pembrolizumab vs placebo to pemetrexed/platinum therapy for previously untreated metastatic nonsquamous non–small cell lung cancer...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Long-Term Outcomes With PD-1 Inhibitor Treatment and Response to Retreatment in Advanced Melanoma

In a single-center study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Allison Betof Warner, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that approximately three-quarters of patients with advanced melanoma achieving a complete response on programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) inhibitor therapy were alive...

prostate cancer

Nicholas D. James, PhD, MBBS, on Adding Abiraterone to Hormone Therapy in Prostate Cancer: STAMPEDE Trial on Cost-Effectiveness

Nicholas D. James, PhD, MBBS, of The Institute of Cancer Research in London, discusses the health economics of adding abiraterone to first-line, long-term hormone therapy in prostate cancer, and what it means for long-term survival, quality-adjusted survival, and cost-effectiveness (Abstract 204).

leukemia
lymphoma
multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

Highlights From ASH 2019 Included New Data in Leukemia, Lymphoma, and Multiple Myeloma

The ASH 2019 Annual Meeting & Exposition featured countless important sessions and lectures. It would be impossible to attend all the symposia, oral presentations, poster presentations, and special events. Below, we have selected some presentation highlights to supplement our coverage of the...

immunotherapy
leukemia

Expert Point of View: Javier Pinilla-Ibarz, MD, PhD

Javier Pinilla-Ibarz, MD, PhD, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, Florida, commented on this study: “ELEVATE TN compared front-line treatment with acalabrutinib alone or in combination with obinutuzumab vs obinutuzumab/chlorambucil and showed that a second-generation Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK)...

immunotherapy
leukemia

Pivotal Trial Evaluates Second-Generation BTK Inhibitor Alone and in Combination With Obinutuzumab for First-Line Treatment of CLL

The second-generation Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor acalabrutinib, alone, or in combination with obinutuzumab significantly improved progression-free survival compared with a standard combination of obinutuzumab/chlorambucil in treatment-naive patients with chronic lympocytic leukemia...

leukemia

Bruton’s Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Yields High Overall Response Rates in del(17p) CLL and SLL

In findings of the SEQUOIA trial and updated results of the AU-003 trial,1,2 zanubrutinib, a Bruton’s tyrosine inhibitor (BTK), was shown to produce high overall response rates for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL), even in the presence of...

immunotherapy
multiple myeloma

Expert Point of View: Thierry Facon, MD, and Michael Jain, MD, PhD

Thierry Facon, MD, of Lille University Hospital in France, and Michael Jain, MD, PhD, of Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, were interviewed by The ASCO Post on the second-generation chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell products for treating multiple myeloma. According to Dr. Facon, essentially...

immunotherapy
multiple myeloma

Next-Generation BCMA-Targeted CAR T-Cell Therapies for Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma Explored in Early-Phase Trials

Two novel dual-target chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell strategies are yielding early and durable responses for patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma, as well as potentially less cytokine-release syndrome and neurotoxicity compared with first-generation CAR T-cell products,...

immunotherapy
lymphoma

Combination Brentuximab Vedotin, Nivolumab Explored in First-Line, Salvage Therapies for Patients With Hodgkin Lymphoma

Two separate studies are investigating brentuximab vedotin plus nivolumab combination therapy for adults with Hodgkin lymphoma: one as first-line therapy and another as salvage therapy for relapsed/refractory classic disease, according to data presented at the 2019 Annual Meeting & Exposition...

immunotherapy
hematologic malignancies

Early Data Suggest Efficacy of Innovative CAR NK-Cell Therapy for B-Cell Malignancies

FT596, a novel off-the-shelf chimeric antigen receptor natural killer cell (CAR-NK) product, was as effective as existing CAR T-cell platforms in killing cancer cells in vivo, and the combination of FT596 plus rituximab killed lymphoma cancer cells that were no longer responding to CAR T-cell...

immunotherapy
lymphoma

Bispecific Antibody Shows Activity in Post–CAR T-Cell Therapy for Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

Mosunetuzumab, an ­investigational ­bispecific antibody, demonstrated activity in preliminary studies of patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), including those who are refractory to or relapsed after third-line chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy. With further study, mosunetuzumab,...

immunotherapy
leukemia

Expert Point of View: Howard J. Weinstein, MD, and Robert A. Brodsky, MD

Commenting on the Children’s Oncology Group AALL1331 study, Howard J. Weinstein, MD, Chief of Pediatric Hematology­Oncology at Massachusetts General Hospital for Children and Harvard Medical School in Boston, said: “These are very promising results for children, adolescents, and young adults who...

immunotherapy
leukemia

Blinatumomab Post-reinduction Consolidation Improves Event-Free, Overall Survival vs Chemotherapy in Young Patients With B-Cell ALL

Among children, adolescents, and young adults with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the bispecific T-cell engager blinatumomab improved event-free survival and overall survival, compared with standard chemotherapy, as post-reinduction consolidation therapy at first relapse prior to...

immunotherapy
lymphoma

Expert Point of View: Basem M. William, MD, MRCP (UK), FACP, and Caron Jacobson, MD

Basem M. William, MD, MRCP (UK), FACP, Director of the T-Cell Lymphoma Program and Member of the Blood and Marrow Transplant Program at The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, Columbus, said many of the new-generation bispecific antibodies are “highly promising.” He said they “are...

immunotherapy
lymphoma

Will Bispecific Antibodies Compete With CAR T-Cell Therapy in Lymphoma?

Are second-generation bispecific antibodies the next big thing in lymphoma? Studies of these drugs were among the highlights of the 2019 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition. Years ago, the bispecific T-cell engager blinatumomab validated the concept of bispecific...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia
multiple myeloma
lymphoma
immunotherapy

Conference Highlights From the 2019 American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting & Exposition

More than 25,000 specialists in hematology from over 115 countries attended the 61st American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition held last December in Orlando. The conference featured a stunning array of 4,900 abstracts with impressive new data in the treatment of multiple...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Ziad Bakouny, MD, on Sarcomatoid and Rhabdoid RCC: Potential Determinants of Poor Prognosis and Treatment Response

Ziad Bakouny, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses two types of renal cell cancer that are associated with poor prognosis. Because recent early data suggest these tumors respond well to immune checkpoint inhibitors, the authors characterized the tumors in an integrative molecular and...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on COSMIC-313: Cabozantinib in Combination With Nivolumab/Ipilimumab in RCC

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, describes a currently recruiting phase III study (COSMIC-313) of cabozantinib in combination with nivolumab and ipilimumab vs nivolumab/ipilimumab for patients with previously untreated advanced renal cell carcinoma of intermediate or poor risk ...

prostate cancer
symptom management
pain management

Hannah L. Rush, MBChB, on Prostate Cancer: Comparing Quality of Life in Patients Receiving Docetaxel or Abiraterone

Hannah L. Rush, MBChB, of the Clinical Trials Unit at University College London, discusses an analysis of the STAMPEDE trial, which showed that patients treated with abiraterone had higher scores in global quality of life as well as in the physical, social, and role function domains and lower...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Nizar M. Tannir, MD, on Nivolumab/Ipilimumab vs Sunitinib in Advanced Kidney Cancer

Nizar M. Tannir, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses overall survival and an independent review of response in CheckMate 214 with 42-month follow-up, using first-line nivolumab plus ipilimumab vs sunitinib in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 609).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, on Adding Radiation to Immunotherapy for RCC: Improving Systemic Control Through Local Therapy

Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, of Queen Mary University of London, summarizes two papers on metastatic renal cell carcinoma for which he was the discussant: nivolumab in combination with stereotactic body radiotherapy in pretreated patients, and combining dual immune checkpoint inhibition with...

prostate cancer
symptom management
integrative oncology

Karim Fizazi, MD, PhD, on Prostate Cancer: Pain and Quality of Life in Patients Receiving Cabazitaxel vs Abiraterone or Enzalutamide

Karim Fizazi, MD, PhD, of the Institut Gustave Roussy, discusses results from the CARD study, which showed that cabazitaxel improved pain, time to pain progression, and symptomatic skeletal events, as well as quality of life in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. The...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Nicholas D. James, PhD, MBBS, on Bladder Cancer: Cetuximab With Chemoradiotherapy

Nicholas D. James, PhD, MBBS, of The Institute of Cancer Research in London, discusses results from a phase I/II feasibility study that showed the combination of cetuximab, chemoradiation, fluorouracil, and mitomycin yields high bladder cancer control rates with acceptable toxicity and quality of...

prostate cancer

Maha Hussain, MD, on Next-Generation Sequencing of Prostate Tumor Tissue: Results From the PROfound Study

Maha Hussain, MD, of the Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University, discusses the first phase III clinical trial to demonstrate the feasibility of tissue-based genomic testing to preselect men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer for targeted treatment...

prostate cancer
immunotherapy

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, on Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer: Results From the COSMIC-021 Study of Cabozantinib and Atezolizumab

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, of the University of Utah Huntsman Cancer Institute, discusses trial findings that showed the combination of cabozantinib and atezolizumab had a tolerable safety profile and showed activity in men with metastatic disease. Further evaluation of cabozantinib and atezolizumab is...

kidney cancer

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on an HIF2A Inhibitor for Advanced Clear Cell RCC

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses findings from a phase I/II trial that found MK-6482 was well tolerated and demonstrated activity in heavily pretreated patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 611).

prostate cancer

David P. Dearnaley, MD, on Prostate Cancer: Conventional vs Hypofractionated High-Dose Radiotherapy

David P. Dearnaley, MD, of The Institute of Cancer Research and Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, discusses 8-year outcomes of the phase III CHHiP trial, which showed that modest hypofractionation is noninferior to conventional fractionation in localized prostate cancer, with no increase in side...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Ziad Bakouny, MD, on Metastatic Kidney Cancer: Defining the Role of Cytoreductive Nephrectomy

Ziad Bakouny, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses the controversial and ill-defined role of cytoreductive nephrectomy in treating patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma who have received targeted therapies or immune checkpoint inhibitors (Abstract 608).

prostate cancer
immunotherapy

Julie N. Graff, MD, on Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer: Results From KEYNOTE-199 on Pembrolizumab Plus Enzalutamide

Julie N. Graff, MD, of Oregon Health & Science University and Knight Cancer Institute, discusses study findings that show pembrolizumab plus enzalutamide after progression on enzalutamide produced clinical activity and can lead to durable responses, with a manageable safety profile. The phase...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

No Improved Pathologic Complete Response With Atezolizumab in Early Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

The addition of the checkpoint inhibitor atezolizumab to chemotherapy with carboplatin and nab-paclitaxel failed to significantly improve pathologic complete response rates compared with chemotherapy alone in patients with early high-risk, locally advanced triple-negative breast cancer. According...

colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

Diagnostic and Treatment Technology Disparities Among Patients With Colorectal Cancer

In a study published by Frankenfeld et al in Cancer Epidemiology, researchers found racial disparities in how the presence of cancer-related diagnostic and treatment technology is related to colorectal cancer patient outcomes in Georgia. The findings suggest that the hospital capacity and...

gynecologic cancers

Proteomic Analysis of Endometrial Cancer

A comprehensive molecular study of endometrial cancer published by Dou et al in Cell has further defined the contributions of key genes and proteins to the disease. The overview suggests new treatment approaches that could be tailored for each patient, as well as potential biologic targets for...

prostate cancer

HSD3B1 Genotype and Its Effect on Castration Resistance and Overall Survival in Prostate Cancer

As reported in JAMA Oncology, Nima Sharifi, MD, and colleagues have found that the adrenal-permissive HSD3B1 genotype is associated with earlier onset of castration resistance and poorer overall survival in men with low-volume metastatic prostate cancer. As noted by the investigators, the...

lymphoma

Haploidentical Related Donor vs Unrelated Cord Blood Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Hodgkin and Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas

In a retrospective analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Fatobene et al found that nonmyeloablative haploidentical related donor cell transplantation was associated with better outcomes compared to unrelated cord blood hematopoietic transplantation in patients with Hodgkin and...

lung cancer

Osimertinib Plus Savolitinib for EGFR-Mutated, MET-Amplified NSCLC After Disease Progression on EGFR Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors

As reported in The Lancet Oncology, Lecia V. Sequist, MD, and colleagues have found activity and an acceptable risk-benefit profile with the combination of the third-generation EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor osimertinib and the MET tyrosine kinase inhibitor savolitinib in patients with EGFR...

bladder cancer

Syed A. Hussain, MD, on Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer: NEO-BLADE Trial of Nintedanib Plus Chemotherapy

Syed A. Hussain, MD, of the University of Sheffield, discusses phase II findings comparing nintedanib or placebo in combination with gemcitabine and cisplatin in locally advanced muscle-invasive bladder cancer. The data showed that adding nintedanib was safe and well tolerated, with a significant...

immunotherapy
bladder cancer

Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD, on Locally Advanced or Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma: Enfortumab Vedotin Plus Pembrolizumab

Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses study results which showed that, in first-line cisplatin-ineligible patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma, enfortumab vedotin/pembrolizumab demonstrated activity and durability, with a manageable safety profile...

hepatobiliary cancer

PRH/HHEX Transcription Factor as a Treatment Target in Patients With Cholangiocarcinoma

Treatment of patients with cholangiocarcinoma could be improved by tailoring medication to the levels of a key protein in people with the disease, according to new research published by Kitchen et al in Cancer Research. Researchers have discovered that the proline-rich homeodomain...

skin cancer

States With Highest Rates of Cutaneous Melanoma Due to Ultraviolet Exposure

A new study found a wide state-by-state variation in rates of melanoma caused by ultraviolet (UV) exposure, with highest rates in several states on the east and west coasts (including Hawaii), but also a few landlocked states (including Utah, Vermont, and Minnesota). The report, published by Islami ...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

ASCO/CCO Update Guideline for Selecting Systemic Treatment in Stage IV NSCLC Without Driver Mutations

ASCO and Cancer Care Ontario (CCO) have published an update to a joint guideline on systemic therapy for stage IV non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) without driver mutations.1 “The treatment of stage IV NSCLC has become increasingly more complicated, and, with the advent of immunotherapy and the...

pancreatic cancer

Expert Point of View: Andrea Wang-Gillam, MD, PhD

Andrea Wang-Gillam, MD, PhD, Clinical Director of the GI Oncology Program and Director of Developmental Therapeutics at Washington University in St. Louis, was the invited discussant of SEQUOIA and HALO 109-301. She tried to make sense of the two negative studies of pegylated agents in advanced...

pancreatic cancer

Two Novel Pegylated Agents Fail in Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

Two novel treatments once thought to hold promise in the treatment of metastatic pancreatic cancer have not proved to be effective in phase III trials, investigators reported at the 2020 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium. When combined with standard chemotherapy, a pegylated form of human...

gynecologic cancers

Cervical Cancer Recurrence: Open vs Minimally Invasive Radical Hysterectomy

A multi-institutional retrospective study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Shitanshu Uppal, MBBS, and colleagues showed that minimally invasive radical hysterectomy was associated with a higher risk of disease recurrence vs open abdominal hysterectomy in women undergoing surgery for...

colorectal cancer
immunotherapy

Perioperative Chemotherapy With or Without Cetuximab in Patients With Resectable Colorectal Cancer Liver Metastases

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Bridgewater et al, the phase III New EPOC trial has shown that the addition of perioperative cetuximab to chemotherapy was associated with significantly poorer overall survival in patients with KRAS wild-type resectable colorectal cancer liver metastases. An...

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